99 terms

Art Final

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Angular Perspective
another name for 2 point perspective
Approximate Symmetry
organization of parts of a composition such that the sides of a vertical axis are visually equal without being identified
Background
the area of a picture that appears farthest away in a three-dimensional illusion
Calligraphy
precise elegant handwriting or lettering, word "calligraphic" is sometimes used to describe line in artwork that has the flowing elegance of calligraphy
Cast Shadow
shadow cast by a form onto nearby surface
Center of Interest
area of an artwork toward which the eye is directed; visual focal point of the work
Chiaroscuro
in drawing or painting, use of strong contrast between dark and light, the gradual transition of values, producing the effect of modeling, Italian word meaning dark and light
Collage
work of art in which materials such as paper, cloth or found materials, are glued onto a surface
Color Harmony
combinations of color- such as complementary or analogous colors- that can be defined by their positions on the color wheel
Color Wheel
circular arrangements of hues based on color theory
Composition
arrangement of elements such as line, value, and form within an artwork; principles of design are considered in order to achieve a successful composition
Contour Lines
lines that describe a shape of a figure or an object and also include interior detail, these lines can vary in thickness
Contrast
principle of design that refers to differences in elements such as color, texture, value, and shape, contrasts usually add excitement, drama and interest to artworks
Crosshatching
Closely-spaced, parallel lines that overlap at angles to each other, cross-hatching is used primarily in drawing and printmaking to create areas of shading
Curvilinear
stresses the use of curved lines
Dynamic
constantly changing or moving; in a state of imbalance or tension
Elements of Design
basic components used to create works of art
shape
value
texture
space
line
color
form
Emphasis
principle of art by which the artist combines contrasting sizes, shapes, colors, or other elements to place greater attention on certain areas in a work of art
Eye Level
imaginary horizon line that is even with height of ones eyes
Figure
human form or any recognizable object or nonrepresentational shape
Foreground
area of a picture that appears nearest to the viewer
Form
three dimensional shape that encloses space
Formal Balance
Another name for Symmetrical Balance
Geometric Shape
shape- such as triangle or rectangle- that can be defined precisely by mathematical coordinates and measurements
Gestural Drawing
quick drawing that captures gestures and movements of the body
Gestural Lines
energetic type of line that catches the movements and gestures of an active figure
Hard Edge
crisp, clean edges achieved through the use of flat even values or colors
Harmony
principle of art that stresses the related qualities of all parts of a composition
Hatching
technique in which lines or strokes are placed parallel to each other, used to create gray tones
Horizon Line
line at which sky and earth meet
Hue
another word for color
Implied Line
line that is suggested by a change in color or value
Informal Balance
another name for Asymmetrical Balance
Intensity
saturation, strength or purity of a color, brilliant=high intensity, dull=low intensity
Intermediate Colors
also know as tertiary colors, created by mixing a primary and secondary color
Yellow Green
Yellow Orange
Blue Green
Blue Violet
Red Violet
Red Orange
Kinetic Art
3D sculpture that contains moving parts
Line
element of art that is continuous mark made by a tool as it is drawn across a surface, also known as a dot that moves
Linear Perspective
technique used to create the illusion of depth on a 2D plane, discovered in Florence, Italy by Bernaleski
Line of Sight
type of implied line from a figure's eyes to a viewed object, directing the attention of the viewer of a design from one part of it to another
Line Personality
general characteristics of a line, such as direction, movement, quality, or weight
Middleground
intermediate zone of space, between foreground and background, in a work of art
Modeling
use of light and dark values to create form
Monochromatic
color scheme on one color plus black and white
Motif
repetition of visual elements, combination of elements that dominate and help unify a work of art
Narrative Art
form of art that tells a story
Negative Space
area surrounding positive shapes
Neutrals
having so easily seen hue, result when there is no reflection of any single wavelength of light, but rather all of them at once, white, gray, black and brown
One Point Perspective
perspective in which all parallel lines converge to a single point on horizon line
Organic Shape
shape that is free-form or irregular, opposite of geometric shape
Outline
line of uniform thickness around outer edge of a form to show its overall shapes
Overlapping
placing one object in front of another to create depth in work of art
Parallel Perspective
another name for one point perspective
Pattern
arranged repetition of forms or design or combination of both
Perspective
technique used to create illusion of 3D space and objects on the 2D surface of a picture plane
Picture Plane
flat surface of a composition
Portfolio
collection of an artist's work for presentation
Portrait
picture that features person or group
Positive Space
areas containing subject matter in an artwork; objects depicted, as opposed to the background or space around those obejcts
Primary Colors
hues- red, yellow, and blue- from which all other colors are made
Principles of Design
means by which the visual elements are organized and integrated into a unified arrangement
Balance
Harmony
Emphasis
Movement
Rhythm
Unity
Variety
Proportion
relationship of elements to one another and to the whole artwork in terms of their properties of quantity, size and degree of emphasis
Radial Balance
composition that is based on a circle, with a design radiating from a central point
Repetition
use of the same usual elements over and over in a composition, repetition may produce the dominance of one visual idea, harmony, unity or a rhythmic movement
Rhythm
principle of art that uses repetition of visual elements in a work of art, to create a feeling of movement
Rubbing/Frottage
technique of reproducing textures by placing paper over the textures surface and rubbing the paper with a drawing medium
Scale
relative size of a figure or object, compared to others of its kind, its environment, or humans
Secondary Colors
colors produced by mixing equal amounts of any two primary colors
Violet (red and blue)
Orange (red and yellow)
Green (blue and yellow)
Shade
darker value of a hue, created by adding black or a darker complementary color to the original hue
Shading
using art media to create darkened areas that gives the illusion of space and depth
Shape
element of design that is two-dimensional and encloses an area
Sketchbook
drawing notebook in which artists record thing they see or imagine
Sketch Line
quick line that captures
Spectrum
complete range of color that is present in white light
Split Complementary
a color plus two hues next to that colors complement, ex: blue forms a split complementary with yellow-orange and red-orange
Static
showing no movement or action
Still Life
arrangement of nonmoving objects that are subject matter of a work of art
Stippling
technique that uses patterns of dots to create values and value graduation
Structural Lines
lines that hold a design together
Structure
constructive elements of a work of art; foundation if a composition
Subject Matter
things represented in a work of art
Symmetrical Balance
organization of the parts of a composition such that each side of a vertical axis mirror each other
Tactile
quality perceived through sense of touch
Tertiary Colors
another name for intermediate colors, created by mixing primary and secondary colors
Texture
artwork's actual or implied surface quality; such as rough, smooth, or soft
Thumbnail Sketches
small, quick sketches that record ideas and information for a final work of art
Tint
lighter value of a hue, created by adding white to the original hue
Tone
less intense value of a hue created by adding gray to the original hue
Triadic Harmony
combination of three equally spaced hues on the color wheel, ex: red, yellow and blue or blue green, red violet and yellow orange
Two Point Perspective
way to show 3D objects on a 2D surface, using two widely set vanishing points and two sets of converging lines to represent forms
Unity
sense of oneness or wholeness in a work of art
Values
element of design that refers to the lightness or darkness of grays and colors
Value Contrast
dark and light values placed close together, black in proximity to white creates greatest value
Value Gradation
gradual change from dark to light areas, creates the illusion of 3D on a flat surface
Value Scale
range from white through gray to black, modified gradually
Vanishing Point
in a composition featuring linear perspective, that spot on the horizon toward which parallel lines appear to converge and at which they seem to disappear
Variety
use of many different elements in a composition
Viewfinder
device that works as a window through which subject matter is pictured, gives the artist and idea of proportion, layout, and is excellent for cropping
Visual Rhythm
results of pattern combined with implied movement, elements or motifs are combined to create a series of regular pauses
Warm Colors
hues that range from yellow to red violet on the color wheel