Practice Questions

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Which pt is at most risk for fluid volume deficit? (Select all that apply)
A. Pt w continuous tube suctioning
B. Pt who has been vomiting for 3 days
C. Pt who has been newly diagnosed with pneumonia
D. Pt who drinks 2-3L a day
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Terms in this set (10)
Which pt is at most risk for fluid volume deficit? (Select all that apply)
A. Pt w continuous tube suctioning
B. Pt who has been vomiting for 3 days
C. Pt who has been newly diagnosed with pneumonia
D. Pt who drinks 2-3L a day
Answer:
(A) Pt w continuous tube suctioning
(B) Pt who has been vomiting for 3 days
Who is at higher risk for Potassium (K+) excess?
A. Pt w Diarrhea
B. Pt who has a Traumatic burn
C. Cushing's syndrome pt
D. Overuse of laxatives
B. Traumatic burn
Rationale: Extra potassium is released into the blood
Which pt is at the highest risk for insensible fluid loss?
A. Pt that is excessively sweating
B. Pt with a foley catheter
C. Pt who is giving a sputum/blood culture
D. Hospitalized pt who is voiding into a hat
A. Pt that is excessively sweating
Rationale: Insensible loss is what cannot be measured whereas sensible is what is measured (ex: foley catheter)
What food would you give to a pt who is hypokalemic (K+)? (Select all that apply)
A. Potato
B. Avocado
C. Noodles
D. Spinach
E. Tomatoes
F. Whole grain bread
Answer:
(A) Potatoes
(B) Avocados
(D) Spinach
(E) Tomatoes
What regulates homeostasis?
A. CN2
B. Hypothalamus
C. Thymus
D. Pineal gland
B. Hypothalamus
What is a normal pH range?
A. 6.35-6.45
B. 7.15-7.30
C. 7.24-7.50
D. 7.35-7.45
D. 7.35-7.45
Which level of prevention will a pt who received a newly cancer diagnosis utilize?
A. Tertiary
B. Secondary
C. Primary
D. Third
A. Tertiary
Rationale: The pt has the diagnosis now, the next step would be treating the diagnosis. Primary-Prevention, Secondary-Tests/Screenings, Tertiary-Treatment=(ex: taking antibiotics if diagnosed w strep)
Which pt is most likely to go into metabolic acidosis?
A. Pt that is having an anxiety attack
B. The pt that is experiencing kidney failure
C. Pt that is experiencing heat exhaustion
D. Pt who is on a low carb diet
B. The pt that is experiencing kidney failure
Rationale: The kidneys flush out toxins from the body and if a pt's kidney's are failing acid is not able to be flushed out, thus causing an acid build up!
Determine the correct imbalance for pH: 7.34, CO2: 51, HCO3: 36
A. Metabolic Acidosis
B. Respiratory Alkalosis
C. Respiratory Acidosis
D. Metabolic Alkalosis
C. Respiratory Acidosis
What treatment is most appropriate for respiratory alkalosis?
A. IV fluids
B. Putting the pt into a sim's position
C. Having the pt breathe into a brown paper bag
D. Telling the pt "Calm down, everything will be okay everyone feels this way at some point!"
C. Having the pt breathe into a brown paper bag
Rationale: During respiratory alkalosis you are losing excessive amounts of CO2 (which is what we breathe out) and when you breathe into a brown paper bag you are filling the bag w/ CO2 while also essentially breathing it in. Causing the over-oxygenated blood to be balanced)