Cognitive Bias Definitions

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Negativity Bias
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Terms in this set (10)
Negativity Bias
the tendency to focus on or remember the negative aspects of something
Anchoring Bias
a tendency to fixate on initial information, from which one then fails to adequately adjust for subsequent information
Confirmation Bias
a tendency to search for information that supports our beliefs and to ignore or distort contradictory evidence
Self-serving Bias
the tendency for people to take personal credit for success but blame failure on external factors
Dunning-Kruger Effect
The tendency for unskilled individuals to overestimate their own ability and the tendency for experts to underestimate their own ability.
Herd Mentality
The tendency to conform to the behaviors and beliefs of the people around you
Outcome Bias
A tendency to assume a process is acceptable if its output is acceptable.
Availability Bias
the tendency for people to base their judgments on information that is readily available to them
Decline Bias
believing that change leads to worsening conditions compared to the past
Hindsight Bias
the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one would have foreseen it