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22 terms

Ancient China

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Huang He River
river with deadly floods in Northern China. It carries loess and is often called Yellow River.
Himalaya Mountains
mountain range that divides China from India
Yellow Sea
sea at the mouth of the the Yellow River (Huang He)
Mongolia
Country on China's northern border.
Gobi Desert
one of the worlds largest deserts, covers part of China and present-day Mongolia
Silk Road
an ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean (4,000 miles)
Confucius
philosopher who believed that social order, harmony and good government could be organized around 5 basic relationships
Laozi
founder of Daoism
Hanfeizi
founder of Legalism
Shi Huangdi
founder of the Qin dynasty and China's first emperor
Filial piety
respect shown by children for their parents and elders
Civil service exam
In China, it was an exam based on Confucian teachings that was used to select people for various government service jobs in the bureaucracy.
Calligraphy
beautiful handwriting created with the 4 treasures (paper, brush, ink, and ink stone)
Mandate of Heaven
In chinese history, the belief the rulers had the gods approval to rule
Legalism
Chinese philosophy developed by Hanfeizi; taught that humans are naturally evil and therefore need to be ruled by harsh laws
Daoism
Chinese philosophy based on the teachings of Laozi; taught that people should turn to nature
Confucianism
ideas of Confucius, emphasizing such values as family, tradition, and mutual respect
Great Wall
China built this as a barrier to invaders from the North.
Oracle bones
animal bones carved with written characters which were used for telling the future
warlords
local military rulers
acupuncture
treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin
Dynastic cycle
rise and fall of Chinese dynasties according to the Mandate of Heaven