Huang He River
river with deadly floods in Northern China. It carries loess and is often called Yellow River.
mountain range that divides China from India
sea at the mouth of the the Yellow River (Huang He)
Country on China's northern border.
one of the worlds largest deserts, covers part of China and present-day Mongolia
an ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean (4,000 miles)
philosopher who believed that social order, harmony and good government could be organized around 5 basic relationships
founder of Legalism
founder of the Qin dynasty and China's first emperor
respect shown by children for their parents and elders
Civil service exam
In China, it was an exam based on Confucian teachings that was used to select people for various government service jobs in the bureaucracy.
beautiful handwriting created with the 4 treasures (paper, brush, ink, and ink stone)
Mandate of Heaven
In chinese history, the belief the rulers had the gods approval to rule
Chinese philosophy developed by Hanfeizi; taught that humans are naturally evil and therefore need to be ruled by harsh laws
Chinese philosophy based on the teachings of Laozi; taught that people should turn to nature
ideas of Confucius, emphasizing such values as family, tradition, and mutual respect
China built this as a barrier to invaders from the North.
animal bones carved with written characters which were used for telling the future
local military rulers
treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin
rise and fall of Chinese dynasties according to the Mandate of Heaven
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