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a long period of below average temperature when the ice at the poles expands (glacial growth)
hominids with longer legs, shorter arms, and larger brain than homo habilis; slender for heat tolerance, first emotion
an advanced society that has specialization of labor, cities, government, large structures, and writing
the systematic and deliberate planting and growing of crops and the domestication of animal beginning in 10,000 BC
the time period when systematic agriculture changed the way people lived drastically beginning in 10,000 BC and ending when the first Civilization started
Specialization of Labor
focusing on one job an making one thing while relying on others for everything else
a central city and the surrounding farmland, usually walled in and has an independent government
a settlement owned by another settlement that is away and separate from that settlements home land
migratory herder who followed established trade routes and occasionally, in times of hardship, invaded
any group of people from central asia who spoke a language derived from one parent language
an administrative government where many levels of appointed officials do the work of the government
Indo-Europeans from central Asia who spoke sanskrit; war-like and nomadic, light skinned; invaded India and started 2nd Indian civilization
Right View, Right Mindfulness, Right Concentration, Right Effort, Right Speech, Right Intention, Right Livelihood,
government where power, wealth, and lands are in the hands of the hereditary upper class (aristocrats)
Chinese practice of worshiping dead relatives to bring good or bad luck to the family and burning offerings to them
"respect of the son for the father" a social concept that is the heart of the family concept. All members of the family must subordinate themselves to the desires of the male head of the family
political philosophy in which harsh law, force, and following the law through fear of punishment are all used
beginning of the Period of Warring States(warfare between territories to find the next dynasty)
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