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Terms in this set (36)
a word or group of words with a subject, a verb, and a complete thought. It begins with a capital letter. it ends with a period, a question mark, or an exclamation point.
Types of Sentences
Declarative, Interrogative, and Imperative, Exclamatory
A sentence that makes a statement and ends with a period.
A sentence that asks a question and ends with a question mark.
A sentence that gives a command or makes a request. It is often used for directions. Often there is not stated cubject. Ends with a period. Strong commands end with an exclamation point.
A sentence that shows excitement of expresses strong feeling. It ends with an exclamation point. i.e. Move!
identifies the person, place, object, or idea that is being spoken about in the rest of the sentence. The subject may come either at the beginning or at the end of the sentence.
Types of Subjects
Simple, Complete, Compound, and Understood
the main word in the complete subject.
includes the simple subject and its modifiers.
consists of two or more connected subjects that have the same verb. The conjunctions and/or are the usual connecting words.
ocurs in imperative sentences; (you) is the implied subject.
Never subjects in a sentence
Here and There
Predicate of the sentence
the part that says something about the subject.
Three types of Predicates
Simple, Complete, and Compound
(verb) is the main word or group of words in the complete predicate. May be one word or a verb of more than one word.
A simple prediate of two or more words.
includes a verb plus words that add to or complete the meaning of the verb. Usually comes after the subject, but it may appear at the beginning of an inverted sentence.
consists of two or more connected verbs that have the same subject.
Not and Never are NOT verbs but can be part of the tcomplete predicate.
a group of words that does not contain its own subject or verb.
Sentences are constructed by
using words, phrases, or clauses.
a group of words with a subject and a verb.
clauses that can stand alone and make sense by themselves. They are also called main clauses.
another name for independent clauses.
clauses that rely on other parts of the sentence for meaning. Also called subordinate clause.
another name for dependent clause.
Four Sentence Structures
simple, compound, complex, compound-complex.
an independent clause and has no dependent clauses.
contains two or more independent clauses and NO dependent clauses. The independent clauses must be connected with a comma and a coordinating conjuction or joined with a semicolon.
has one independent clause and one or more dependent clause.
has one or more dependent clauses and two or more independent clauses.
a word or group of words which does not express a complete thought. It might be missing either a subject, a verb, or both.
consists of two or more sentences (independent clauses) with no mark of punctuation.
a separation of two independent clauses with a comma.
Three ways to correct sentence structure errors.
1. Independent clauses may be connected with a comma and a coordinating conjuction.
2. Two independent clauses may be punctuated as two separate clauses ending with a period.
3. Independent clauses may be connected using a semicolon.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Parts of Speech - Noun
Parts of Speech - The Preposition
Parts of Speech - The Pronoun
Parts of Speech - The Verb
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