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66 terms

English definitions (Burton)

STUDY
PLAY
Alliteration
the beginning of word sounds alike
Allusion
reference to an outside work of art
Assonance
repeating of vowel sounds in words that do not rhyme
Audience
people listening/reading the poem
Ballad
narrative poem told in verses- usually a song
Concrete
a poem that is in a shape of something
Consonance
repeating of consonant sounds within and at the end of words
Couplet
two rhyming words together
End rhyme
the end word of a line rhymes with the end word of the next line
Figurative Language
help the readers visualize what the writer is thinking (metaphors, similes, onomatopoeia)
Free verse
a poem that has no rules
hyperbole
an extremely exaggerated statement not meant to be taken literally
Ex. My boyfriend left me, so I cried a river.
iamb
an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
iambic pentameter
5 iambs
Imagery
creates a mental picture for the reader that activates the auditory, tactile, visual, olfactory, and gustatory senses
Auditory
imagery that appeals to hearing
Tactile
imagery that appeals to the touch
Visual
imagery that appeals to the eyes
Olfactory
imagery that appeals to the nose
Gustatory
imagery that appeals to the mouth
Irony
something that is unexpected
Metaphor
comparing two unlike things WITHOUT using the words like or as
Meter
the measured pattern of rhythmic accents in poems; stressed and unstressed syllables
Mood
the feeling that the author wants you to feel as you read the poem
Narrative poetry
when a story is being told
Onomatopoeia
sound of the word
Ex. Buzz
Personification
when a non-human animal or object possesses human-like qualities
Quatrain
four lines of poetry that are unified by rhyme
Refrain
parts that are repeated; usually in a song or ballad
Repetition
a sound, word, phrase, or line that is repeated
Rhythm
the beat or pace of the poem; adds to the musical sounds of the poem
Rhyme
a repetition of similar sounds in two or more words or at the end of lines
Rhyme Scheme
a regular pattern of rhyme; rhyming words at the end of a line
Simile
when you compare two unlike things using the words like or as
Sonnet
a 14-line lyric poem written with a strict pattern of rhyme and rhythm
Stanza
a group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem; a verse; often repeated
Stress (syllables)
which part of the word we place more emphasis on
tone
the writer's attitude toward the material/ subject
Verse
stanza; a section of poetry or song
Exposition
introduces the setting and characters and establishes a mood- may reveal the conflict
Rising Action
conflicts arise as the main character struggles to resolve the conflict
Climax
a turning point in the story and the moment of greatest suspense
Falling Action
the results of the decision or action that happened in the climax
Resolution
reveals the final outcome of the story and ties up any loose ends
Conflict
struggle between opposing forces
Round Characters
highly developed characters
Flat characters
one-sided characters plain
Dynamic characters
characters that change and develop as the plot develops
Static characters
characters who remain the same
First person point of view
the narrator that is the main character in the story- refers to himself/herself
Third-person Limited
the narrator is NOT a character in the story; an outside observer- talks about the thoughts and feelings of one character
Third-person Omniscient
the narrator is not a character in the story and is "all knowing" (access to the thoughts and feeling of all characters)
Protagonist
at the center of tragedy, the main character, usually the hero
Antagonist
the opponent to the protagonist/ main character, usually the "bad guy"
organic poetry
a poem with no rules, like a free verse; more natural
prose
writing that is not poetry
traditional poetry
a set format of the poem
ballad
narrative poetry; meant to be sung
Complication
messes things up in the story, turns everything around
Context
the setting of the story
Third-person Objective
the narrator is separate from all the minds of all the characters; has an overview of all the actions
Man vs. Man
conflict with another character
Man vs. Nature
a character who has conflict with nature
Man vs. Society
a character has conflict or does not agree with the government or society
Man vs. Self
a character has conflict within him/herself; usually over a decision
Symbolism
an object or symbol representing a meaning or something more than it actually is