Juvenile Delinquency Test 2 Soc 383 Bro Stokes

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Theory Building (Essay Question)Explain theory building and provide an example, ie: Sutherland->Shaw and McKay, Merton->Cloward and Ohin, Freud->Erik Erikson1. Answer all previous explanations or questions 2. Answer new questionsTheory BuildingEssay Question 2What is your philosophical answer to man being good or bad?SocializationThe process by which we teach the ways of societyMicroSocial ProcessMicro Level of Analysispsychology, internal factors, individual ex: differential association theory (Sutherland)MacroSocial StructureMacro Level of Analysissociology, external factors, society ex: social disorganization (Shaw and McKay), anomie theory of deviance (Merton), radical theorySocial Disorganization TheoryCreated by Shaw and McKay. Links crime rates to neighborhood ecological characteristics. 2 assumptions.1. Social Disorganization 2. Economic Disparity 3. Deviance 4. Culture of Deviance 5. Culturally Transmitted Deviance 6. More DevianceSocial Disorganization Theory Assumption #1 Six Step DiagramSocial Disorganization Theory Assumption #1The poor are more likely to commit crime. Provides 6 part DiagramCrime is committed in groupsSocial Disorganization Theory Assumption #2Shaw and McKaySocial Disorganization Theory AuthorsEnvironmental Theorycombines history and the environmentMertonAuthor of Anomie Theory of DevianceAnomie Theory of DevianceCreated by Merton. Two major norms: 1. Goal->success->$$ 2. Means->workCohenAuthor of strain theoryStrain TheoryDeviance is caused by the strain of lower class citizens' need to become successful.Middle Class Measuring StickThe rich and middle class are judged on their own scale, but the poor are judged by the middle class standards.Labeling TheoryPrimary deviance ->label->secondary devianceBeckerAuthor of labeling theoryMarxAuthor of conflict theory. Believes everything can be explained through the conflict of who has and who has notConflict Theorytriangle diagram, conflict is between the low and high classesChamblissAuthor of Saints and Ruffnecks book. Argues that rich kids and poor kids are treated differently by judges in courtQuinneyBelieved all crimes were committed by the upper or lower classDominationUpper Class CrimesQuinney and Radical Theorycrimes come from capitalism1. Accommodation 2. Resistance 3. FrustrationLower Class CrimesMatza and SikesDrift Theory AuthorDrift TheoryWe are inherently good but drift back and forth from deviant behavior1. Condemnation 2. Deny Responsibility 3. Deny of Victim 4. Deny of Injury 5. Appeal to Higher AuthorityTechniques of NeutralizationDurkheimStudied suicide, brought science to sociologyCloward and Ohlinstudied strain theories, added own theory that success comes from status, not moneyHirschiSocial Control Theory Author1. Physical (food and shelter) 2. Safety and Security 3. Social AcceptanceMaslow's Hierarchy of NeedsSocial Control TheoryPeople are inherently bad and must be taught respect, or they will remain badComteFather of Sociological Theory. Taught that in order to understand human behavior, you must recognize it to be influenced by society.Sociological TheoryPeople are affected by the social environmentBiological TheoryPeople are affected by their biology, genes, etc.SutherlandDifferential Association Theory AuthorDifferential Association TheoryWritten by Sutherland. Conforming to a different set of beliefs, norms, and values within the culture.