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Terms in this set (13)
What is the cause of a Marus Gunn pupil?
Afferent nerve defect
What is the perinatal timeline for conjunctivitis in neonates?
3-5 days gonorrhea. 5-15 days chlamydia
Patient complains of a dull ache and water d/c and the sclera appears blotchy.
Patient complains of significant pain. On exam there is ocular redness and pain on palpation of the eyeball.
Scleritis, refer to ophtho asap
Patient complains of difficulty driving at night
Patient complains of seeing halos around lights, cupping of the optic disk seen on fundoscopic exam.
Open angle glaucoma
What is the treatment for open angle glaucoma?
Beta-blockers and alpha-agonists decrease aqueous humor production. Prostaglandins, alpha-agonists and cholinergics increase aqueous humor removal.
Patient presents with an eye that is inflamed and hard with a dilated and nonreactive pupil.
Acute closed angle glaucoma
What is the treatment for closed angle glaucoma?
Acetazolamide to decrease pressure, pilocarpine after pressure is lowered to reduce obstruction.
Patient complains of rapid impairment in vision with changes in color perception and an afferent pupilary defect.
Patient complains of gradual loss of central vision.
Patient complains of painless acute loss of vision, like a window shade pulled over the eye or numerous floaters.
How to tell retinal artery from retinal vein occlusion?
Artery-sudden painless loss of vision, fundo shows cherry red spot in fovea.
Vein-more gradual loss, fundo shows cotton wool spots, retinal hemorrhages and dilated veins. "Blood and thunder."
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