Quizlet #4 pt. 1
Parts of G and Parts of H
Africa, Asia, and Europe
The middle east stands at the crossroads of what of three continents?
Operates the Suez Canal
How much of the world's people are Muslim?
A sacred shrine that housed hte images of the many rab gods, and included the sacred Black Stone, a meteorite that the arabs believe was sent from heaven.
The arabs didn't like Muhammad because they believed in ___ __, unlike muhammad.
City of the Prophet
What does Medina mean?
Five Pillars of Islam
What are the Islamic people's five duties called?
Pilgrimage to Mecca
Struggle in God's service
Belief in One God
One reason Islam expanded so swiftly is because the arab armies were ___ by their ___, because Islam taught that Muslim warriors who died in service of Islam would win a place in paradise.
Persian And Byzantine
What 2 empires looks at the Arabs as liberators?
What was the name of the tax that jews+christians had to pay? (A big reason why they converted to Islam)
Successor to the Prophet
the fourth caliph, muhammad's cousin and son-in-law.
What empire was set up because a rival leader claimed the office oc aliph?
Followers of Ali, that claimed only descendates of Ali could become caliphs.
Belived that any devout Muslim could become a caliph.
The umayyad dynasty emphazied ___ ____.
In the Umayyad dynasty, all the highest jobs and the army went to ___.
The year that the Abassid Dynasty was created.
The Umayyad dynasty ended because the __ and other discontented groups thought that being a Muslim was more important than being an Arab.
Baghdad literally means this.
Hospitals, public baths, schools, and libraries
The Abbassid empire built these.
Turkish speaking people that had converted to Islam in Central Asia before migrating to the Iranian Plateau.
The year the Seljuks seized Baghdad.
The empire that took over the Abbasids.
The grandos of Genghiz Khan, that captured the capital of the Seljuks from them.
What was the biggest thing the Mongols inspired?
The year Pope Urban II called for a crusade
A holy war
The year of the first crusade.
Western Europe, Islamic
The crusadess had a limited effect on the Middle East because the civilization of ___ _____ was less advanced than that of the ______.
The year the Christians were drove out of Jerusalem.
The great Muslim military leader that recaptured Jerusalem, he dealt fairly with the Christians and jews there.
Most people in the middle eeast lived in small ___.
People that travel from one place to another.
Desert Nomads, literally meaining "People of the tent".
The year the suez canal opened
Ferdinand de Lesseps
The architect for the Suez Canal
Called "the sick man of Europe"
a revolutionary group of young army officers
In WWI, the ottoman empire sided with ____.
A territory that was administered but not owned by a member of the League of Nations.
The general that rallied Turkish resistance to the greek addvance.
an Albanian soldier who had fought against the French, who became governor of Egypt in 1805.
The center of conflict between Jews and Arabs.
The movement of Jews to re-establish a home in Palestine
Hatred and fear of Jews
Formed an oginazation to promote Zionism.
The year the mongols came to power.
The year the ottomans came to power.
The year the ottoman empire fell.
The capital for the Ottomans
Capital for the Mongols
Capital for the Abbasids
Capital for the Crusaders
Capital for the Seljuk Turks
The capital for the Umayyads
Water spot in desert
Muslim place of Prayer
Settling of Jews out of Palestine
Declaration to re-establish the Jews a home in Palestine
The month that all muslims must fast
A person who dies for his/her beliefs
Qu'ran literally means this.
1st caliph after Muhammad
Dictator of Libya
North Atlantic Treaty Orginazation
NATO stands for...
NATO was founded in.....
The year that the UN partioned Palestine into 2 states.
How many muslims are their worldwide?
What percent of the Muslims live in the Arab world?
The world' largest single Muslim community is here.
The tower outside the mosque to call people to prayer.
What term do people often call the Middle east?
Africa, Asia, and Europe
The Middle east stands at the crossroads of what three continents?
Middle Eastern nations command vital __ ___.
important to the world for military and economic reasons
This country operates the Suez Canal
Mediterranean and Red
What 2 seas does the Suez Canal Link
Arabian Peninsula, Fertile Crescent,Maghreb, Nile Valley, Northern Tier,
What are the 5 main physical regions of the Middle East? (alphabetical)
Turkey and Iran
The Northern Tier stretches across ___ and ___.
In the west of the Northern Tier is the ___ ___.
In the east of the Northern Tier is the ___.
Which one of the two plateaus in the Northern Tier has a huge population due to fertile grounds and water?
The Arabian Peninsula is about ___ the size of the US.
Red Sea, Arabian Sea, Persian Gulf
What 3 main bodies of water is the Arabian Peninsula?
The largest nation in the Arabian Peninsula
Fertile Desert Area that has enough water to support plant and animal life
Why is the arabian peninsula so important?
What religion was found in the Arab Peninsula?