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96 terms

Quizlet #4 pt. 1

Parts of G and Parts of H
STUDY
PLAY
Africa, Asia, and Europe
The middle east stands at the crossroads of what of three continents?
Egypt
Operates the Suez Canal
1/5
How much of the world's people are Muslim?
Kaaba
A sacred shrine that housed hte images of the many rab gods, and included the sacred Black Stone, a meteorite that the arabs believe was sent from heaven.
Many Gods
The arabs didn't like Muhammad because they believed in ___ __, unlike muhammad.
City of the Prophet
What does Medina mean?
Five Pillars of Islam
What are the Islamic people's five duties called?
Hajj
Pilgrimage to Mecca
Jihad
Struggle in God's service
Monotheistic
Belief in One God
United, Beliefs
One reason Islam expanded so swiftly is because the arab armies were ___ by their ___, because Islam taught that Muslim warriors who died in service of Islam would win a place in paradise.
Persian And Byzantine
What 2 empires looks at the Arabs as liberators?
nonbeliever tax
What was the name of the tax that jews+christians had to pay? (A big reason why they converted to Islam)
Caliph
Successor to the Prophet
Ali
the fourth caliph, muhammad's cousin and son-in-law.
Umayyad
What empire was set up because a rival leader claimed the office oc aliph?
Shiites
Followers of Ali, that claimed only descendates of Ali could become caliphs.
Sunni
Belived that any devout Muslim could become a caliph.
Arab Culture
The umayyad dynasty emphazied ___ ____.
Arabs
In the Umayyad dynasty, all the highest jobs and the army went to ___.
750
The year that the Abassid Dynasty was created.
Shiites
The Umayyad dynasty ended because the __ and other discontented groups thought that being a Muslim was more important than being an Arab.
God-given
Baghdad literally means this.
Hospitals, public baths, schools, and libraries
The Abbassid empire built these.
Seljuks
Turkish speaking people that had converted to Islam in Central Asia before migrating to the Iranian Plateau.
1058
The year the Seljuks seized Baghdad.
Mongols
The empire that took over the Abbasids.
Hulagu
The grandos of Genghiz Khan, that captured the capital of the Seljuks from them.
International Trade
What was the biggest thing the Mongols inspired?
1095
The year Pope Urban II called for a crusade
Crusade
A holy war
1096
The year of the first crusade.
Western Europe, Islamic
The crusadess had a limited effect on the Middle East because the civilization of ___ _____ was less advanced than that of the ______.
1187
The year the Christians were drove out of Jerusalem.
Saladin
The great Muslim military leader that recaptured Jerusalem, he dealt fairly with the Christians and jews there.
Villages
Most people in the middle eeast lived in small ___.
Nomads
People that travel from one place to another.
Bedouins
Desert Nomads, literally meaining "People of the tent".
Suq
Marketplace
1869
The year the suez canal opened
Ferdinand de Lesseps
The architect for the Suez Canal
Ottoman Empire
Called "the sick man of Europe"
Young Turks
a revolutionary group of young army officers
Germany
In WWI, the ottoman empire sided with ____.
Mandate
A territory that was administered but not owned by a member of the League of Nations.
Mustafa Kemal
The general that rallied Turkish resistance to the greek addvance.
Muhammad Ali
an Albanian soldier who had fought against the French, who became governor of Egypt in 1805.
Palestine
The center of conflict between Jews and Arabs.
Zionism
The movement of Jews to re-establish a home in Palestine
anti-Semitism
Hatred and fear of Jews
Theodor Herzl
Formed an oginazation to promote Zionism.
1258
The year the mongols came to power.
1453
The year the ottomans came to power.
1917
The year the ottoman empire fell.
Istanbul
The capital for the Ottomans
Baghdad
Capital for the Mongols
Baghdad
Capital for the Abbasids
Baghdad
Capital for the Crusaders
Baghdad
Capital for the Seljuk Turks
Damascus
The capital for the Umayyads
Oasis
Water spot in desert
Millet
Non-muslim community
Mosque
Muslim place of Prayer
Diaspora
Settling of Jews out of Palestine
Pope
Christian Head
Balfour Declaration
Declaration to re-establish the Jews a home in Palestine
Ramadan
The month that all muslims must fast
Quraysh
Muhammad's tribe
Martyr
A person who dies for his/her beliefs
Recitation
Qu'ran literally means this.
Abu Bakar
1st caliph after Muhammad
Muammar Gaddafi
Dictator of Libya
North Atlantic Treaty Orginazation
NATO stands for...
1949
NATO was founded in.....
1947
The year that the UN partioned Palestine into 2 states.
1.2 billion
How many muslims are their worldwide?
18%
What percent of the Muslims live in the Arab world?
Indonesia
The world' largest single Muslim community is here.
Minaret
The tower outside the mosque to call people to prayer.
Southwest Asia
What term do people often call the Middle east?
Africa, Asia, and Europe
The Middle east stands at the crossroads of what three continents?
Sea Routes
Middle Eastern nations command vital __ ___.
Strategic Important
important to the world for military and economic reasons
Egypt
This country operates the Suez Canal
Mediterranean and Red
What 2 seas does the Suez Canal Link
Arabian Peninsula, Fertile Crescent,Maghreb, Nile Valley, Northern Tier,
What are the 5 main physical regions of the Middle East? (alphabetical)
Turkey and Iran
The Northern Tier stretches across ___ and ___.
Anatolian Plateau
In the west of the Northern Tier is the ___ ___.
Iranian Plateau
In the east of the Northern Tier is the ___.
Anatolian
Which one of the two plateaus in the Northern Tier has a huge population due to fertile grounds and water?
1/3
The Arabian Peninsula is about ___ the size of the US.
Red Sea, Arabian Sea, Persian Gulf
What 3 main bodies of water is the Arabian Peninsula?
Saudi Arabia
The largest nation in the Arabian Peninsula
Oasis
Fertile Desert Area that has enough water to support plant and animal life
Oil
Why is the arabian peninsula so important?
Islam
What religion was found in the Arab Peninsula?