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Terms in this set (25)
During the presidency of John Adams, the Federalists tried to crush their political opponents by
Passing the Alien and Sedition Acts
The goal of William Lloyd Garrison's "The Liberator" was to
Build public support for the abolition of slavery
The underground railroad
Was the abolitionist system that brought enslaved people north to freedom
The Compromise of 1850 allowed California to enter the Union as a free state and
Let voters in other territories decide the issue of slavery
The Fugitive Slave Act increased tensions between the North and the South because
Northerners were no longer able to ignore slavery and its effects
What was one effect of Reconstruction?
It gave African American men the right to vote
Until the 1870's, the majority of immigrants to America had been
Protestants from northern and western Europe
Why did the price of cotton drop after 1865?
During the Civil War, many European textile factories had found suppliers outside the South
What characterized the spoils system?
Elected officials rewarded their supporters with jobs
By the time Andrew Jackson rose to political prominence, most states
Had given any tax-paying white man the vote
Despite being born into slavery, Frederick Douglass
Became one of the most powerful abolitionist voices
According to the Compromise of 1850, the issue of whether most of the lands acquired from Mexico would be free or slave territory would be decided by
What first attracted settlers to the West?
Gold and silver
Who argued that the elastic clause in the Constitution gave Congress the authority to fulfill his wish to establish a national bank?
The Sedition Act made it a crime for US citizens to
Publicly discredit federal leaders
In which case did the Supreme Court first assert the power of judicial review?
Marbury v. Madison
Through the Louisiana Purchase, the United States nearly doubled in size by acquiring a vast territory from what country?
One of the factors that led to the War of 1812 was the British practice of impressment, in which Britian
Seized American sailors from US ships for service in the Royal Navy
In an attempt to avoid war with Britain in the early 1800s, what did President Thomas Jefferson persuade Congress to do?
Declare an embargo on trade between the United States and Britain
The War of 1812 ended with a peace treaty that
Did not change any boundaries in North America
As the Industrial Revolution spread to the United States, most of the early factories were built in the nation's
Eli Whitney's invention of the cotton gin
Cause cotton production in the United States to surge
The Monroe Doctrine declared that European powers should
Not meddle in the affairs of Latin America countries
What was the Trail of Tears?
The forced march of Cherokees from the southeastern states to Oklahoma
What social institution did Horace Mann work to reform?
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