World History Semester II Final W/O Geography Mr. Rothenberger Jesuit Class of 2018
Terms in this set (141)
What are Africa's savannas?
What does the word Bantu mean?
What was the way of life of Africa's earliest people?
What was West Africa's earliest known culture?
What are push-pull factors?
Reasons for migration
Why is the city of Djenné-Djeno famous?
It was the oldest known city in Africa.
What is the relationship of push-pull factors to causes of migration?
They act as reasons for migrations.
Which of the following events is an example of migration? a) The movement of Aksum south, b) the spread of Christianity, c) the development of written languages, or d. The movement of trade goods.
The movement of Aksum south.
When did the kingdom of Aksum decline and fall?
Three factors brought the decline of Aksum: when it became isolated from other Christian states, when it became unable to maintain its trade, and when it depleted its environment.
How might economic pressure cause people to migrate?
If there aren't any jobs available, people will relocate to find jobs.
Which of the following places did not play an important role in the African trade between 800 and 1500? a) India, b) China, c) Persia, or d) Russia
Who was Mali's first great leader?
What city controlled trade routes and was the economic, political, and religious center of an empire? a) Kilwa, b) Great Zimbabwe, c) Sofala, or d) Mobasa
Hausa people a) formed a savanna culture, b) were located on important trade routes, c) dominated the West African gold trade, or d) developed powerful, independent city-states.
Formed a savanna culture
Most of the raw materials that exchanged hands in the East African trade came from? a) India, b) China, c) Africa or d) Portugal
A technology developed by the Nok
This grassy plain covers about two-fifths of Africa
This person is responsible for keeping and passing down a history of a people
Although only a small part of this consists of sand dunes, it is the largest desert in Africa
The largest number of people in Africa live on this, perhaps because it supports agriculture.
This is the belief in, or worship of, spirits, including those of plants, animals, people, and natural forces.
This is West Africa's oldest known city. It appears to have been inhabited between about 250 BC and 1400 AD.
This is the name of West Africa's earliest known culture. This people lived in what is now Nigeria between about 500 BC and 200 AD.
The name of this southern borderland, meaning "coastline" in Arabic, probably comes from the fact that the desert it borders seems like a vast ocean of sand.
This inhospitable region of northern Africa covers an area roughly equal to the area of the United States.
The independence movement in Latin America was spearheaded by which group?
José de San Martin was a military officer who did what?
Liberated parts of Spanish-speaking South America
The independence movement in Mexico was led, in part, by who?
In early 19th century Europe, the liberals wanted?
To give more power to elected parliaments
Nationalism was a force that accomplished what three things?
Tore apart centuries-old empires, gave rise to the nation-state, and was opposed by conservatives.
The uprisings in 1848 resulted in what?
The resignation of Metternich
In the 1860's, the expansion of Prussian was achieved under the leadership of?
Otto Von Bismarck
Camillo di Cavour expanded Piedmont-Sardinia's power and also did what?
Mary Shelley wrote?
An early gothic horror story about a monster created from corpses.
One of romanticism's first composers was?
Ludwig van Beethoven
The potlatch ceremony was used by the people of the Northwest as a way to?
Display personal wealth
By the 900's AD, the Anasazi were living in?
The purpose of the Iroquois League was to?
Promote joint defense and cooperation among tribes.
The Maya based their calendar on careful observations of?
The planets, sun, and moon.
The Maya wrote on a bark-paper book known as a?
The Toltecs were all of the following except: a) a Mesoamerican culture, b) the ancestors of the Aztec, c) builders of pyramids and temples, and d) a warlike people who built an empire through conquest.
The ancestors of the Aztec
In 1428, the Aztecs joined with two other city-states - Texcoco and Tlacopan to form?
The Triple Alliance
The main demand that the Incan state placed on its subject was the mita, which was a tribute of?
Conquered provinces resented Aztec rule because the Aztecs did?
Used conquered people for human sacrifice.
The Inca expanded quickly under the leadership of?
Which of the following men led a revolt of enslaved Africans in Saint Domingue?
In of which of the following ways did the liberation of Mexico and Brazil differ?
Mexico's liberation was violent; Brazil's liberation was non-violent.
In which of the following ways were France and Russia similar during the 1800's?
Both had policies that encouraged industrialization.
Which of the following was probably not influenced by nationalism during the 1800's? a) groups uniting against an oppressive monarchy, b) an empire that crumbles into independent states, c) an empire granting long-needed social reforms, and d) groups accepting a long-established form of government.
Groups accepting a long-established form of government.
Which of the following was true about nationalism? a) One's greatest loyalty should not be to a king, b) one's greatest loyalty should be to a nation of people, c) the nation of people should have a common culture
All of the above
Which of the following statements would Otto Von Bismarck probably not agree with? a) It is the destiny of the weak to be devoured by the strong, b) a ruler should never violate the constitution of his or her country, c) military force should be used to achieve political gain, d) manufacturing political "incidents" is acceptable if if achieves a worthy goal.
A ruler should never the violate the constitution of his or her country.
By 1871 there was a shift in power in Europe, which nation changed?
Prussia became Germany
Which of the following was not a major component of romanticism? a) the love of nature's untamed beauty, b) the value of common people, c) the promotion of established ideas, and d) the glorification of heroes and heroic actions.
The promotion of established ideas
How did music change during the Romantic period?
It became a part of middle-class life, it did not lose popularity, did not become more structured, and did not focus on momentary impressions.
What was the goal of impressionist artists and composers?
To illustrate a moment in time.
Which of the following countries gained independence from France by 1830? a) Mexico, b) Haiti, c) Bolivia, or d) Brazil
What did Asoka's ideas proclaim?
What do the Hindu gods Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva represent?
Creator, preserver, and destroyer
How did Genghis Khan succeed as a conqueror?
Through brilliant military strategy and organization
Which Mongolian practice did Kublai Khan not follow?
A nomadic way of life, he did follow the following: military conquest of China, increased Mongol trade, and rituals of his ancestors.
Which of the following did not contribute to the fall of the Tang Dynasty? a) overtaxing of the peasants, b) an inability to maintain order, c) a series of internal rebellions, d) the restoration of the civil service system
The restoration of the civil service system
What did the kamikaze, or divine wind, do for Japan?
It stopped a Mongolian invasion
What created an intelligent, capable governing class in China?
The civil service examination system
What helped both China and the Khmer Empire prosper?
Better rice cultivation
What was Japan's response to its first contact with Chinese culture?
The Japanese borrowed Chinese practices but adapted them
What was an enduring characteristic of Japanese government?
An emperor who reigned as a figurehead while another power ruled
The chronological order of Chinese dynasties was?
Han to Sui to Tang to Song
The fall of the Tang Dynasty was caused in great part by?
The imposition of heavy taxes.
Tang Taizong and Wu Zhao were emperors of which dynasty?
A pastoralist makes a living by?
This was the name given to the first Indian dynasty, which began in about 321 BC.
This person was the first emperor of the first Indian dynasty.
A woman would run the family in this type of society.
This is the type of society in which the eldest male is the head of the extended family.
This is the name of the people who live near the southern top of India and also the name of their language.
This is the name of India's great second great empire, which began in 320 AD.
Nomadic peoples who herded animals were called?
The ____ built Angkor Wat, one of the greatest architectural movements in the world.
The dynasty founded by _____expanded China, promoted foreign trade, and promoted improvements in agriculture.
The Mongol ruler____ united China for the first time in 300 years
_____ were loyal warriors and bodyguards of their lords.
A leader with the title of ___had the power of a military dictator in Japan.
Most European readers did not believe the stories that the Venetian merchant _____ told about what he had seen in China.
_____, an important Chinese technological advance, revolutionized printing
The establishment of a Confucian civil service examination did not significantly increase social mobility under the _____
____ united the Mongols and led them in conquering much of Asia
In feudal Japan, what was a warrior called?
In which period did a highly refined court society arise?
The Heian period
What code of behavior has a name meaning "the way of the warrior"?
Which title means "supreme general of the emperor's army"?
In which period were wars between rival lords commonplace?
The feudal period
Which people inhabited an archipelago consisting of 4,000 islands?
Who ruled Japan when Kublai Khan attempted two naval invasions?
The Kamakura shoguns
Which of the following was a result of the agricultural revolution? a) Many smaller farmers became tenant farmers or moved to cities, b) enclosures became landmarks of wealthy landowners, c) landowners experimented with new agricultural methods.
All of the above
What is the name for the voluntary associations of workers seeking labor reforms?
In what way did the Agricultural Revolution pave the way for the Industrial Revolution? a) it led to population growth, b) it increased food supplies, c) it caused farmers to lose land and seek other work
All of the above
How did the Industrial Revolution affect cities?
It made the population grow faster than the housing supply.
Which of the following factors most contributed to the shorter life span of those living in cities as opposed to those in the country?
Illness caused by unhealthy living conditions
Which of the following was not a legislative reform in the 1800's? a) In England, it became illegal to hire children under the age of nine, b) The Mines Act prevented women and children from working underground, c) the Supreme Court of the United States objected to a federal child labor law, and d) the Supreme Court created social security to support retired workers.
The Supreme Court created social security to support retired workers.
Which of the following was not a positive impact of industrialization? a) it created jobs for workers, b) it increased a nation's wealth, c) it improved living conditions in cities, or d) it increased the production of goods.
It improved living conditions in cities.
How did the crop rotation system that developed in Britain during the agricultural revolution increase crop yields?
By increasing nutrients in the soil
All of the following were results of the agricultural revolution in Britain except that... a) food prices decreased, b) population increased, c) the number of farmers increased, or d) the average size of farms increased.
The number of farmers increased.
Which of the following did not increase as an early result of the Industrial Revolution?
The life expectancy of the average worker.
Who defended the free-market system of capitalism in the book, The Wealth of Nations?
With which of the following is Karl Marx most closely associated?
During the Agricultural Revolution of the 1700's, food production increased because farmers did what?
Rotated crops among their fields
During the Mexican Revolution, the former cowboy ___ was immensely popular in northern Mexico because of his reputation for being a Robin Hood?
The caudillo ___ came to power in Mexico in the mid-1870's and ruled until he was forced from office in 1910 by the Mexican Revolution. The order and progress that he brought to Mexico was not enough for those who cared more about liberal reforms.
In the 1840's and 1850's, ____ worked for acceptance of La Reforma. Although he served as the president of Mexico several times, it was only in his last presidency that he was able to institute La Reforma during a period of relative peace and prosperity.
Born into one of Mexico's ten richest families, ____ was a strong supporter of democracy. When his attempt to run for Mexico's presidency forced him into exile, he called for revolution. In 1911, he became president but resigned soon after.
____ was a popular leader who raised a powerful army to fight in the Mexican Revolution, "Tierra y Libertad" was his battle cry. Helped overthrow Diaz and Huerta, and in 1919 was lured into a trap and murdered by forces loyal to Carranza
The most sacred writings of the Jewish religion are the first five books of the Hebrew Bible, known as the?
The Hebrews believed that God protected them because?
Of a covenant
Israel's King Solomon was known for all of the following except? a) constructing a great temple, b) building a trading empire, c) wisdom, and d) unifying the 12 tribes.
Unifying the 12 tribess
The Ten Commandments became the basis for?
The civil and religious laws of Judaism.
The Phoenicians were known for?
Seafaring, trade, and the invention of the phonetic alphabet.
According to the Torah, the first covenant between God and the Hebrew people involved an agreement that?
God would bless Abraham and his descendants, and they would be faithful.
According to the Torah, the man who led the Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt and received the 10 Commandments, on Mount Sinai.
The man responsible for having a great temple in Jerusalem, a temple that was destroyed and later rebuilt was?
To restore social order, harmony, and good government, Confucius believed it was necessary for society to be organized around what general category?
Which of the following is as his famous for his extraordinary skills as a government administrator as for his military conquests?
What do Taoism and the concept of yin and yang focus on?
What was the main reason for the Egyptian empire's decline?
Opposition from new and powerful enemies.
What is the name of the government that Shi Huangdi formed, in which the ruler had unlimited power and used it in an arbitrary manner?
How did Shi Huangdi unify China?
By defeating invaders and crushing internal opposition.
Which of the following was a philosopher known for his emphasis on responsible relationships and respect for parents?
What was the underlying objective that gave rise to the Chinese philosophies of Conficius, Laozi, and the Legalists?
How to restore social order, harmony, and respect for authority.
This group, undefeated by the Egyptians but unable to defeat them, made peace with them.
This is the the name of the sacred literature the Aryan people.
This is a member of the highest Indian social class and a Hindu priest.
What was the location of Nebuchadnezzar's hanging gardens, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world?
What great structure was created by forced labor to protect China from attacks by northern nomads?
Great Wall of China
Which Chinese philosophy stressed that social order, harmony, and good government could be restored by organizing society around five basic relationships?
Which philosophy was the Qin ruler Shi Huangdi following when he burned "useless" books, created forced labor and murdered hundreds of soldiers?
This military leader and peacemaker was the last great Egyptian pharaoh. He oversaw a building program of magnificent structures. After his death, Egypt suffered invasions that rendered the empire almost powerless.
This ruler, known for encouraging the expansion of trade, took power during the New Kingdom to avoid having a child ruler.
These nomads used chariots to invade an Egypt that had been severely weakened and divided by war, ineffective pharoahs, and numerous power struggles. They ruled from about 1640 to 1570 BC.
This pharaoh ruled during the New Kingdom and made Egypt a mighty empire. His invasion of Nubia greatly added to the territory and power of the empire.
This is the philosophy that was adapted by Shi Huangdi.
This is the group of leaders to which Shi Huangdi belonged.
The teachings of this man, China's most influential scholar, are found in the Analects.
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