31 terms

Chapter 10: Islam part 1


Terms in this set (...)

Arab nomads were called
What part of the world is often referred to as the Middle East
Southwest Asia
Where did Caravans stop
In Mecca, during holy months, bringing religious pilgrims who were going to worship at an ancient shrine called Ka'aba
Religious pilgrims came to mecca to worship
Ka'aba, which contained over 360 idols brought by many different tribes, Including the Black Stone
What does Allah mean
Muhammad eventually married
Khadijah, his boss
Who called to Muhammad while he was meditating, and what did he tell Muhammad
the angel Gabriel called to Muhammad while he was meditation in a cave outside of Mecca, he said that he was the messenger of Allah. After speaking to Gabriel, Muhammad became convinced that he was the last of the prophets.
What does Islam mean in Arabic
Submission to the will of Allah
What does Muslim mean in Arabic
One who has submitted
Where did Muhammad move after leaving Mecca
the town of Yatherib, later named Medina
Muhammad's migration from Mecca to Yatherib (Medina) became know as
the Hijrah
What did Muhammad destroy in Mecca
the idols in the Ka'aba
What is the umma
the Muslim religious community
What is the earliest surviving Islam monument
the Dome of the Rock
To be a Muslim, all believers must carry out five duties known as
the five pillars of Islam
What is the first pillar of Islam, and what do all Muslims have to testify to
Faith; There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah
What is the second pillar of Islam, and what does it entail
prayer; you must pray five times a day, facing towards Mecca
What is an Islamic house of worship known as
What is the third pillar of Islam
alms (money)
What is the fourth pillar of Islam, and when do they do it
fasting; it is done during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan, everyday between dawn and sunset. They eat a simple meal at the end of the day
What is the fifth pillar of Islam, and what does it entail
Pilgrimage; all physically and financially able Muslims preform the hajj, or pilgrimage, to Mecca at least once in their life. All Muslims wear identical clothing so they all stand as equals before Allah
Religious teachers who apply the words/deeds of Muhammad to everyday life
what is the holy book of Muslim; and what is the only language it is written in
the Qur'an; Arabic, because Muslims consider only the Arabic version to be the true words of Allah
What is the Sunna
Muhammad's example; this is the best model for proper living
What is the Shari'a
A body of laws that the guidance of the Qur'an and Sunna were assembled inoto
how do Muslims view Jesus versus how do Christians view him
Muslims view him as a prophet; Christians the Son of God
All 3 religions (Christianity, Islam, Judaism) all believe in
Heaven and Hell, and a judgement day, they all trace their origins to Abraham
Muslims refer to Christians and Jews as
People of the book, because each religion has a holy book with teachings similar to those of the Qur'an
What law requires Muslim leaders to extend religious tolerance to Christians and Jews
Shari'a law
Muhammad was born here
What does Jihad mean in Islam
striving, and it can refer to the inner struggle against evil, it is also used in the Qur'an to mean an armed struggled against unbelievers.