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an activity of soul in accordance with virtue and if there are more kinds of virtue than one, in accordance with the best and most perfect kind, in a complete life
a purposive disposition, lying in a mean that is relative to us and determined by a rational principle, and by that which a prudent man would use to determine it
Bentham's principle of utility
that principle which approves or disapproves of every action whatsoever, according to the tendency which it appears to have to augment of diminish the happiness of the party whose interest is in question; or what is the same thing in other words, to promote or to oppose that happiness. I say of every action whatsoever, and therefore not only of every action of a private individual, but of every measure of government
Mill's greatest happiness principle
actions are right as they tend to produce happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness
first formulation categorical imperative
act only according to that maxims by which you can at the same time will that it become universal law
second formulation categorical imperative
act so that you treat humanity whether in your own person or in that of another always at the same time as an end and never as a mean only
that reason plays a primary but slightly different role in each theory
one of the things that the moral theories of aristotle, mill, and kant have in common
aristotle and kant
recall the regan's lifeboat experiment. choose the response that gives the best list of philosophers who would argue that the dog should without question be thrown overboard
aristotle and kant
recall jones and the bathtub thought experiment. who would say jones did something wrong
brooke did not act according to a maxim she would universalize
brooke steals michelles ipod because she want to own one. kant would say brooke did something morally wrong because
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