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Politics of the United States
Terms in this set (24)
Established the Supreme Court's power of judicial review.
Established implied powers and not, supremacy.
Declared blacks to not be citizens.
In the late 1890's, the Supreme Court ruled that it was legal to have segregated facilities for whites and blacks as long as they were separate but equal.
Limited free speech if a clear and present danger.
Said government can arrest without cause is crisis.
Court case that struck down Plessy idea of separate but equal and called for an end to segregation in all public schools.
The Supreme Court ruled the exclusionary rule applied to the states based on the Fourth Amendment protection against unreasonable searches and seizures.
Case that led to the 1964 Westberry decision, which created the "one man, one vote" equal representation concept.
The Supreme Court ruled in this case that any prayer, even if non-denominational, was in violation of the establishment clause of Amendment One.
School officials who read a short Bible passage each morning in public school were in violation of the establishment clause in Amendment One (freedom of religion).
Any accused person has the right to be represented by an attorney and one will be appointed if defendant is poor and can't afford one.
Districts must be equal, one person-one vote.
Based of the Fifth Amendment, all accused have the right to remain silent and to have legal representation.
Court ruled that states must provide juveniles with "some of the due process guarantees of adults." These included rights to: a phone call, counsel, cross-examine, confront their accuser and remain silent.
Case that ruled students have certain rights to freedom of expression (covered under freedom of speech) if the expression is not disruptive to learning and school order.
Created the bussing of students to integrate schools.
Ruled that Amish children could be released from states' required school attendance law of 16, under the free exercise clause of Amendment One.
Case that established states could not make laws outlawing abortion.
Established that the president of the United States could claim executive privilege in cases where military and national security issues were involved, but could not use it to conceal evidence of a crime.
A state's law creating a moment of silence in the public schools is ruled unconstitutional since it did endorse a type of prayer.
The Supreme Court ruled that the school authorities have the right to search students with less probable cause than law authorities may have.
Court ruled it was legal for a school administrator to censor or remove certain offensive articles in a school's newspaper since the schools set policy on curriculum standards.
The Supreme Court ruled in this case that flag burning as a means of protest was legal under the freedom of speech(and expression) clause.
Recommended textbook explanations
United States Government: Principles in Practice
Luis Ricardo Fraga
Magruder's American Government
William A. McClenaghan
United States Government: Democracy In Action
Richard C. Remy
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