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Arts and Humanities
World War I
Terms in this set (24)
He was Austrian archduke and heir to the throne and was killed on June 28, 1914 in Sarajevo, Bosnia; archduke of Austria Hungary who was assassinated at Sarajevo by a Serbian terrorist group called the Black Hand and Serbian nationalist; his death was a main cause for World War I.
a political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force and to be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests
An alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy in the years before WWI.
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and other countries in an alliance
Great Britain, France, Italy, Russia, and later the US
Fighting with trenches, mines, and barbed wire. Horrible living conditions, great slaughter, no gains, stalemate. Months and only gained a couple miles
Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism. The main causes of World War I
American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI. 139 Americans killed
abstention from alliances and other international political and economic relations; American foreign policy -- attempted before entering WWI
German submarines used in World War I to sink American or British ships
a secret document to Mexico that said Germany would help them regain lost territories in Texas, Arizona, and New Mexico if they joined the war on the Central Powers side. Intercepted by Britian- sent to US
Where American troops fought when they joined the war - in France and in trenches
person believes government should control businesses and operate for the benefit of all citizens - land, factories, railroads, businesses, etc. are shared equally by all. Bolsheviks were communists, overthrew Russian government
Where people bought bonds so the government could get that money now for war. The bonds increased in interest over time.
The Big Four
France- Clemenceau (wants revenge) , England- David Lloyd George (wants revenge) , U.S. - Woodrow Wilson ( wants peace w/ no wars) , Italy- Vittorio Orlando ( wants land)
information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc.
Wilson's Fourteen Points
the war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and to establish a league of nations
Included in Wilson's points - the right of people to decide their own political status
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations noun.although suggested by Woodrow Wilson, the United States never joined and it remained powerless; it was dissolved in 1946 after the United Nations was formed
As part of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was ordered to pay fines to the Allies to repay the costs of the war. Opposed by the U.S., it quickly lead to a severe depression in Germany.
Treaty of Versailles
Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI. The treaty 1)stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Airforce. 2) Germany had to repair war damages(33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manufacture any weapons.
blame, reparation, army, and territory: used to punish germany for WWI
Unrestricted Submarine warfare
Germany's practice of sinking ships with their U-boats, enemy or neutral, that carry war material
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