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61 terms

Lieterary Terms for Grammar

the literary terms like on the test
STUDY
PLAY
allegory
a story in which people, things, and actions represent an idea or generalization about life and often has a moral or lesson
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words or accented syllables
allusion
a reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art
anecdote
a little story about an interesting, amuzing, or strange event, the purpose of whichis to entertain or make a point
analogy
a comparison of two different things
anaphora
the repof words and phrases so thata pattern is created for effect
antagonist
a character or force in conflict with a main character, or protagonist
antithesis
the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, often in parallel structure
archetype
A symbol, story pattern, or character type that is found in the literature of many cultures. Example: Children of opposite qualities born of the same parents
assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds
autobiography
a biography of yourself
climax
the highest point of anything conceived of as growing or developing or unfolding
connotation
all the emotions associated with a word that help to give that word its current meaning
denotation
a dictionary definition of a word
denouement
outcome; unraveling of the plot of a play or work of literature
dialect
a form of language spoken by people in a particular region or group
diction
a writer's or speaker's choice of words
didactic literature
instructs or presents a moral or religious statement
exposition
the beginning introduces the characters, setting, and basic situation
fable
a short story told to teach a lesson
falling action
the cation that follows the climax leading downwards
foil
a character who serves as a contrast or challenge to another character
foreshadowing
the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot
genre
a category of literature
heroic couplet
a couplet consisting of two rhymed lines of iambic pentamenter and written in an elevated style
hyperbole
extravagant exaggeration
hubris
greek word "hybris" meaning excessive pride leading to downfall
irony
a trope that involves incongruity between what is expected and what occurs
dramatic irony
irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play
irony of situation
this refers to a happening that is the opposite of what is expected or intended.
verbal irony
occurs when what is said contradicts what is meant or thought 9 meant something else)
lyric
a short poem that expresses emotion
metaphor
a figure of speech comparing to unlike things without using like or as
metonymy
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads')
meter
the patterned repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables in a of poetry
mood
atmosphere; feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage
motif
a theme or idea in a work of art or literature that is developed or repeated
myth
a traditional story accepted as history
narration
writing that tells a story
narrative poem
a poem that tells a story
onomatopoeia
using words that imitate the sound
oxymoron
an expression in which two words that contradict each other are joined
parallelism
similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses
personification
the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract objects
point of view
the perspective from which a story is told
first person
told from the narrator's point of view, using "I"
second person
pronouns and verbs used to refer to the person addressed by the language in which they occur
third person
Point of view in which the narrator is outside of the story
protagonist
the main character
resolution
the denouement or portion of the play or story where the problem is solved
rising action
events leading up to the climax
romanticism
impractical romantic ideals and attitudes
rhyme
a piece of poetry
setting
the time and place where a play or short story is
simile
a comparison using like or as
stanza
a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem
symbol
something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible
synecdoche
a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part
theme
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work
thesis
a statement of opinion
tone
the attitude a writer takes toward his or her subject, characters or readers