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110 terms

everything

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first amendment
protectsthe peoples right to practice religion, to speak freely, to assemble (meet), to address the government and of the press to publish
2nd amendment
protects the right to own guns. There is debate whether this is a right that protects the state, or a right that protects individuals.
3rd amendment
guarantees that the army cannot force homeowners to give them room and board
4th amendment
protects the people from the government improperly taking property, papers, or people, without valid warrant based on probable cause (good reason).
5th amendment
protects people from being held for committing a crime unless they are properly indicated, that they may not be tried twice for the same crime, that you need not to be forced to testify against yourself, and from property being taken without just compensation. it also contains due process guarantees.
6th amendment
guarantees a speedy trial, an impartial jury, that the accused can confront witnesses against them, and that the accused must be allowed to have a lawyer
seventh amendment
guarantees a jury trial in federal civil court cases. this type of case is normally no longer heard in federal court
8th amendment
No cruel and unusual punishments and no outrageous fines
ninth amendment
states that people's rights are not limited to just those listed in the Constitution.
tenth amendment
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.
11th amendment
clearly defines jurisdiction of supreme court over a suit brought against a state by a citizen of another state
12th amendment
redefines how the President and Vice-President are chosen by the Electoral College, making the two positions cooperative, rather than first and second highest vote-getters. It also ensures that anyone who becomes Vice-President must be eligible to become President.
13th
NO SLAVERY!
14th amendment
ensures that all citizens of all states enjoyed not only rights on the federal level, but on the state level too. it removed the three-fifths counting of slaves on the census. it ensured that the US would not pay the depths of rebellious states. it also had several measures designed to ensure the loyalty of legislators who participated on the confederate side of the civil war
15th amendment
any race can vote
16th amendment
Allows the federal government to collect income tax without regard to the population of the states
17th amendment
shifted the choosing of senators from the state legislature to the people of the states.
eighteenth amendment
banned the sale of alcohol in 1919 (was later erased)
19th
allows any gender to vote
20th amendment
"set new start dates for the terms of the Congress and the President, and clarifies how the deaths of Presidents before swearing-in would be handled."- graves middle school
21st
repealed the 18th Amendment
22nd
set a limit on the number of times a President could be elected - two four-year terms. It has one exception for a Vice-President who assumes the Presidency after the death or removal of the President, establishing the maximum term of any President to 10 years.
23rd
grants the Washington D.C. the right to three electors in Presidential elections.
24th
ensured that no tax could be charged to vote for any federal office.
25th
clarifies even further the line of succession to the Presidency, and establishes rules for a President who becomes unable to perform his duties while in office.
26th
18 and up can vote
27th
requires that any law that increased the pay of legislators may not take effect until after an election.
seismology
earthquakes
volcanology
study of volcanoes
geology
the earth and its history
biology
all living things
zoology
animals
archaeology
study of ancient people through artifacts
ichthyology
fish
cytology
cells
ornithology
birds
entomology
insects
meteorology
weather
paleontology
fossils
petrology
rocks
bake
to cook in an oven
baste
to moisten foods while they are cooking by brushing them with butter, juice from the meat, or other sauces.
blanch
food is dropped first into boiling water, and then plunged into cold water
bread
food is dipped into a sticky liquid, such as eggs, and then coated with cracker crumbs, bread, or flour
broil
to cook under direct heat from a broiler
cream
to beat a substance, such as butter or sugar until it is smooth and fluffy
cube
to cut foods, such as meat or cheese, into small squares
cut in
to add a solid ingredient, such as butter, to a dry mixture until they combine
dice
to chop into pieces measuring about 1/8 to 1/4 inch in size
drizzle
to pour a slow stream of liquid over food
dust
to lightly sprinkle with a substance such as sugar or flour
fillet
to remove the bones from a piece of meat
fry
to cook in hot fat
grate
to shred a substance by rubbing it against a sharp, serrated metal object
marinate
to soak meat in a seasoned mixture to flavor and tenderize it
pare
to cut away the outer skin of a fruit or vegetable
poach
to cook in a simmering liquid
puree
to make food smooth by using a food processes
sear
to quickly brown the sides of a piece of meat on high heat, thus sealing in the juices
simmer
to cook slowly in a liquid that's close to boiling point
Alabama
Montgomery, AL
Alaska
Juneau, AK
Arizona
Phoenix, AZ
Arkansas
Little Rock, AR
California
Sacramento, CA
Colorado
Denver, CO
Connecticut
Hartford, CT
Delaware
Dover, DE
Florida
Tallahassee, FL
Georgia
Atlanta, GA
Hawaii
Honolulu, HI
Idaho
Boise, ID
Illinois
Springfield, IL
Indiana
Indianapolis, IN
Iowa
Des Moines, IA
Kansas
Topeka, KS
Kentucky
Frankfort, KY
Louisiana
Baton Rouge, LA
Maine
Augusta, ME
Maryland
Annapolis, MD
Massachusetts
Boston, MA
Michigan
Lansing, MI
Minnesota
St. Paul, MN
Mississippi
Jackson, MS
Missouri
Jefferson City, MO
Montana
Helena, MT
Nebraska
Lincoln, NE
Nevada
Carson City, NV
New Hampshire
Concord, NH
New Jersey
Trenton, NJ
New Mexico
Santa Fe, NM
New York
Albany, NY
North Carolina
Raleigh, NC
North Dakota
Bismark, ND
Ohio
Columbus, OH
Oklahoma
Oklahoma City, OK
Oregon
Salem, OR
Pennsylvania
Harrisburg, PA
Rhode Island
Providence, RI
South Carolina
Columbia, SC
South Dakota
Pierre, SD
Tennessee
Nashville, TN
Texas
Austin, TX
Utah
Salt Lake City, UT
Vermont
Montpelier, VT
Virginia
Richmond, VA
Washington
Olympia, WA
West Virginia
Charleston, WV
Wisconsin
Madison, WI
Wyoming
Cheyenne, WY