American Civil War
Terms in this set (37)
16th President. 1860-1865. Active role in utilizing technology (telegraph & railroad) to increase the effectiveness of the Union army.
President of the Confederate States of America 1861-1865
Ulysses S. Grant
Commanding General of the United States army when the war ended. Famous for capturing Vicksburg on July 4th, 1863
Robert E. Lee
Commanding General of the Army of Northern Virginia. A well respected military man who used battle tactics that resulted in many Confederate victories.
Abolitionist who used his skills in speaking and writing to petition Lincoln for the emancipation of slaves as well as the eventual enfranchisement of all men
John Wilkes Booth
Man who assassinated Abraham Lincoln. Famous actor during this time period.
54th Massachusetts Regiment
African American regiment famous for a brave, yet dangerous, attack on Fort Wagner.
Nurse during the American Civil War famous for starting the Red Cross
War of the Rebellion, War of Northern Aggression, The War Between the States. 1861-1865. Approximately 620,000 men died during this conflict.
To free, more specifically: to free those who are enslaved.
group of 11 states the attempted to secede from the United States to form their own independent government.
term of one who was from the Confederacy
term for a Northerner
warfare in which civilians as well as soldiers are affected due to the destruction of food and any equipment that may be useful for the military
Invented during the American Civil War, the U.S.S. Monitor and the C.S.S. Merrimack fought at the Battle of Hampton Roads
closing the ports of an enemy by the use of the navy in order to made commerce difficult.
Line (of battle)
method of fighting during the Civil War that was outdated for the types and styles of weapons being used.
the side of the line of battle or the army
foot soldiers. Often carried long rifles which were loaded through the muzzle.
soldiers who fought on horseback. Often carried short rifles as well as a six shooter.
Cannon. Six cannon made a battery.
technological advancement that increased the accuracy of guns used in battle
still of warfare that replaced the line of battle by the end of the American Civil War. This was the style used primarily in World War I.
an action or strategy carefully planned, especially in war.
a plan of action or policy designed to achieve a major or overall goal.
a military operation in which enemy forces surround a town or building, cutting off essential supplies
slave states that had not declared a secession from the Union (Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, and Missouri). In 1863 West Virginia broke away from Virginia to becoming the fifth border state.
"you [shall] have the body") is a legal action or writ by means of which detainees can seek relief from unlawful imprisonment.
the imposition of the highest-ranking military officer as the military governor or as the head of the government, thus removing all power from the previous executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government.
The First Battle of Fort Sumter opened on 12 April 1861, when Confederate artillery fired on the Union garrison. These were the first shots of the war.
The First Battle of Bull Run
also known as First Manassas, it was a Confederate victory followed by a disorganized retreat of the Union forces.
23,000 soldiers were killed, wounded or missing after twelve hours of savage combat on September 17, 1862. The Battle of Antietam ended the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia's first invasion into the North and led to Abraham Lincoln's issuance of the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation.
an attack spearheaded by the 54th Massachusetts Infantry, a black regiment. The unit's colonel, Robert Gould Shaw, was killed. Members of the brigade scaled the parapet but after brutal hand-to-hand combat were driven out with heavy casualties. The Federals resorted to siege operations to reduce the fort. This was the fourth time in the war that black troops played a crucial combat role, proving to skeptics that they would fight bravely if only given the chance.
The Battle of Gettysburg was a turning point in the Civil War, the Union victory that ended General Robert E. Lee's second and most ambitious invasion of the North. Often referred to as the "High Water Mark of the Rebellion", Gettysburg was the Civil War's bloodiest battle and was also the inspiration for President Abraham Lincoln's immortal "Gettysburg Address".
Two statements, two Presidents, both aware of the importance of the city on the Mississippi River. President Davis knew it was vital to hold the city for the Confederacy to survive. President Lincoln wanted the key to gain control of the river and divide the South. On July 4th, 1863 the Union took control of the fort, which is a critical turning point of the Civil War.
Atlanta/March to the Sea
Under William Tecumseh Sherman, Union troops ripped up railroad tracks, killed livestock, tore up fields and burned barns, homes, and factories throughout Georgia.
On April 9, 1865, Confederate General Robert E. Lee (1807-70) surrendered his approximately 28,000 troops to Union General Ulysses S. Grant (1822-85) in the front parlor of Wilmer McLean's home in Appomattox Court House, Virginia, effectively ending the American Civil War (1861-65).
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