31 terms

ch. 9 emerging world power

domination of strong nations over weak territories: political, economic, and military influence throughout the world
policy to focus on internal or domestic issues
Alfred Mohan
naval officer who proved well ahead of his time by calling for military bases in Cuba and the Pacific, and called for a building of a canal in Central America
Extractive economies
where the colonizing country removed raw materials and shipped them back home to benefit its own economy
manifest destiny
belief that expansion (esp westward) was an inevitable God-given right
social darwinism
belief that life consists of competitive struggles in which the fittest survive
Matthew Perry
Naval officer who established the first military base at Pearl Harbor in 1867
William Seward
SECRETARY OF STATE who purchased Alaska (7.2 million)
Sewards Folly
the Alaska purchase, which seemed to be cold and useless land that was bought for no purpose, but it ended up doubling the country in size and was rich in resources
Sanford B. Dole
led new government in Hawaii, planter, wanted to annex Hawaii
William Randolph Hearst
NY journal.. publisher (heightned publics dislike of government)
aggressive nationalism
U.S.S. maine
ordered by Mckinley to protect Amer. citizens in cuba at the havana border, exploded
teller amendment
said that US had no intent of annexing Cuba, allow cuba to stay free if they beat spanish
william mckinley
pres. during spanish-american war.. one of 1st to embrace imperialism
George Dewey
Naval officer who defeated the Spanish fleet in the Pacific
General William Shafter
military officer who led troops to success in Santiago, Cuba
John Hay
Secretary of State during the Spanish-American War: referred to span. amer. war as "splendid little war"
treaty of paris
signed by spain and US in december.. officially ended SPAN AMER WAR. (amer. got Cuba, Guam, Puerto Rico)
anti imperialist league
Mark Twain and William Jennings Bryan were a part: said imperialism was a crime & open disloyalty to distinctive principles of our government
william jennings bryan
anti imperialist.. ran for PRESIDENT against Mckinley and lost, served as secretary of State for Woodrow Wilson
guerilla warfare
ambushing, method of fighting, hit and run tactics or sneak attacks
boxer rebellion
When Chinese Nationalists revolted against foreign influence
open door policy
U.S. proposal to eliminate economic spheres of influence in China
russo japanese war
Teddy Roosevelt was awarded the Noble Peace Prize for negotiating a settlement of this conflict
Gentlemen's Agreement
Teddy Roosevelt's proposal to end hostility with Japan: pact b/t US and japan to end immigration from japan to US but to end segregation of asian children in San Fransisco public schools
great white fleet
16 ship U.S. Armada: battleships sent by ROOSEVELT on a "good will cruise" around the world
foraker act
William Howard Taft served as the governor of puerto Rico because of this: law establishing a civil govt in puerto rico
platt amendment
added to Cuban constitution essentially making Cuba a protectorate of the U.S.
roosevelt corollary
reassertion of the Monroe Doctrine to keep western hemisphere free from intervention by European powers
pancho villa
leader/rebel of mexico- Carranza govt- failed to be captured by the US, pursued by Gen. John Pershing