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US History Chapter 14
Terms in this set (31)
How did the Great Depression eventually change Germany politically?
Germans eventually believed that Hitler would solve their economic problems.
What actions did Japan take in attempt to recover from the Great Depression?
Japan seized control of resources in other nations.
What impact did the appeasement policy of the United States, Britain, and France have on Germany aggression?
it encouraged more aggression.
The Neutrality Act of 1939 allowed nations at war to buy arms and other supplies from the United States as long as those nations...
paid in cash and transported the materials themselves.
Interventionists claimed that the United States could avoid war if...
sent aid the Great Britain.
What was perceived as being equivalent to declaring economic war against the Axis Power?
the Lend Lease Act.
Italy and Japan were dissatisfied with the peace settlements provided in the Treaty of Versailles because both countries were expected more....
territory in exchange for their sacrifices in World War I.
What political party rose to power in Germany during the 1930's?
The Nazi Party
One of the ways Mussolini maintained his power in Italy was by...
outlawing political parties
The League of Nations did not prevent Germany and Italian aggression against other nations because it..
had no standing arming and no real power to enforce it's decrees.
Why did the United States initially follow a policy of appeasement toward Germany?
The United States wanted to focus on its own economic troubles.
How did Roosevelt's response to German aggression toward Britain differ from his response to Japanese aggression toward China?
He condemned both acts of aggression but provided support to Britain.
Interventionists believed that providing aid to Britain would...
keep the United States out of the war.
How did support for the Allies change following Roosevelt's reelection in 1940?
Support increased; Congress approved the Lend-Lease Act.
What best applies to Mussolini ?
Founder of the Fascist Party.
Who appeared to be winning the war in Europe at the end of 1940?
Germany and Italy
How did Adolf Hitler explain the problems facing Germany in his Book Mein Kampf?
He blamed the problems on the Jewish people and the great threat they caused to Germany.
What represents the viewpoint of the interventionists?
Axis aggressions were wrong and threatened American interests.
What goal did President Roosevelt hope to achieve when he enacted the embargo on naval and aviation supplies in 1940?
To stop Japanese expansion.
What role did the Office of War Mobilization (OWM) play during the war?
It supervised use of industry resources.
Roosevelt delivered his "Four Freedoms" speech to Congress in January 1941 to...
increase economic support for Britain.
The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor because they wanted to..
destroy ships and planes that threatened their expansion efforts.
Which ships survived the attack on Pearl Harbor?
How did the attack on Pearl Harbor change the political divisions between the isolationists and interventionists?
the attack ended the political division.
After declaring war, the United States Government
transformed peace time industries into war industries.
After the United States declared war, the nation's economic situation...
The Allies adopted a "Europe First" strategy because...
only Germany was considered a serious long-term threat.
Why did Stalin want Britain and the United States to open a second front in France?
He wanted Germany to divide its troops between two fronts.
President Truman's chief priority in using the atomis bomb against Japan was to...
save American lives.
What group did Nazi ideology consider superior to other people?
What is one result from World War II
Colonial peoples renewed their drive for independence from European powers.
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