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Civil War, issues, enslaved, confederate, shape

The United States had survived our worst war, but the end of the __ left Americans to deal with a set of pressing __. The status of some 3.5 million former __ people had yet to be decided. Nor had the terms by which the former __ states would rejoin the union. How Americans would handle these problems would __ the future of our country.

federal government, civil rights, equal opportunity

Debate over the rightful power of the __ and the states continues to this day. Americans continue to wrestle with the problem of providing __ and __ to all citizens.


Differences over how __ should be carried out divided the government.

rebuild, structures

After the Civil War, the South had to __ not only its farms and roads, but its social and political __ as well.


Jim Crow laws __ segregation.


Pioneers continued to spread across the continent, and __ flocked to industrial centers.

buffalo herds, transcontinental railroad lines, white settlers

Native Americans lived on the Great Plains along with the __ that were their primary source of food. Then beginning in 1869, the __ opened the West to __, forever changing the Native Americans way of life.

plowing, planting, harvesting, meat, grain

Settlement of the Great Plains came along with the development of machines for __, __, and __. This combination made the Midwest a leader in supplying __ and __ to the world.

gold, silver, West

Discoveries of __ and __ drew thousands of fortune seekers to the __.

great number

Following the Civil War, settlers began to move west in __.


During the late 1800s, whites and Native Americans fought while the Native Americans tried to preserve their __.


Also in the late 1800s, __ began to band together in groups and associations to fight their problems.

technology, business combinations

Innovations in __ and new __ helped the United States develop into a great industrial power.


Innovations in technology and economies have transformed national and regional economies into a __ economy.

transportation, communications

Developments in __ and __ have made international trade and economic driving force in today's world.


By the year 1900, the United States industrial production was the __ in the world.

transportation network

A growing __ spread people, products and information across the nation.


__ improved the transportation and communication networks that were vital to the nation's industrial growth.


Business growth was driven by the formation of __ and the ambition of their owners.

better pay, working conditions

Workers organized to demand __ and __

cities, rural

By 1914, as many Americans lived in __ as in __ areas.

modern city life, poverty, crime, inadequate, daily newspaper, libraries, public parks

During the years of urban growth, many aspects of __ emerged. Problems aros such as __, __ and __ housing. Benefits shuc has __, __, and __ appeared as well.


By the late 1800s and early 1900s, the pattern of __ was changing.


Cities in the United States expanded __ in the late 1800s.


The states worked to expand and improve the system of __.


__ reforms affected many areas of American life.


The spirit of __ gained strenght in the late 1800s and thrived during the early 1900s.

progressives, government, quality of life

The reformers were called __ and they were confident in their ability to improve the __ and the __.

progressive movement, change

Many men and women became part of the widespread movement to bring about reform called the __. They wanted to wrap their hands around __.

vote, working conditions, temperance

Women worked for the right to __, for improved __ and for __.

any free man could vote

15th Amendment

income tax

16th Amendment

direct election of senators

17th Amendment

prohibits alcohol

18th Amendment

womens right to vote

19th Amendment

big business, labor problems

Presidents during the Progressive Era worked to control __ and to deal with __.


Theodore Roosevelt

dissapointed progressives

William Howard Taft

had to turn his attention overseas

Woodrow Wilson


Progressive reform did little to expand the rights and opportunities for __.

Jews, Catholics

Religions discriminated against

African Americans, Hispanic, Asian, Native Americans

Races discriminated against

government, consumers rights, education

Progressive reforms affected many areas of American life. Among these are __, __, and __.

political strenght, industrial growth

International power came to the United States with __ and __.

markets, colonies

As power increased the United States moved beyond its territorial limits and in search of new __ and __.

trade, land

The United States to compete with other nations for more __ and __.

world affairs

From this rivalry, the United States rose to take a major part in shaping __.


In the late 1800s the United States acquired land __.

Pacific Ocean

The United States also expanded into the __ region to set up trading bases.

Spanish-American, Cuba, Spanish

The __ War emerged out of events in __, where Cuban people were resisting __ rule.

political, economic, Latin America

After the Spanish-American War, the United States attempted to extend its __ and __ influence in __.


World War 1 __ the world.

Great War

The people called the conflict the __ and they believed there could never be anothe like it.


Although the United States tried to remain __, it was drawn into the conflict.


The war touched __ aspects of life.


When the fighting was over, the United States emerged as one of the __ powers of the world.


When Europe went to war in __, the United States tried to stay out of the conflict.


The United States entered the conflict on the side of the __.

troops, supplies, Germany

With the help of American __ and __, the Allies turned the tide against __.

United States

World War 1 drastically changed life in the __.

Strong opposition, Woodrow Wilson's

__ greeted __ plan for peace.

11-11-1918, 1919

The fighting ended in __. The war ended in __ with the Treaty of Versaille.

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