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resurrection and judgement of the dead, vivid portrayals of heavena dn hell
zorastrianisms doctrines regarding human destiny
named for legendary orpheus, religious task: to lead a pure life, through vegetarianism and other ascetic practices
cult of isis,
a roman mystery religion where osiris was killed and hacked into pieces by his brother and then isis found his body parts and mummified him and brought him back to life
influenced christianity because of the violent persecution that sometimes resulted when the christians refused to participate in it
plato's highly influential perspective that true reality consists of eternal and perfect forms or ideas and that the material, bodily world is an imperfect reflection of the world of forms
an agreement established long ago between god and the ancient israelites, first through abraham and later through moses
one of the most important terms in judaism, "instruction", will of god as it is revealed to humankind
first five books of the bible, also called pentateuch - "five books", stands as judaism's central code of holiness
include both historical accounts of ancient israel and proclamations of the will of god spoken by those called to serve as gods mouthpieces
the books that constitute the writings are highly diverse in both content and literary form
contains teachings that wer formulated and transmitted orally by the rabbis of the preceding four centuries
draws from some of the mystical teachings of the Kabbalist tradition, says that god is the immanent and known first with the heart, emphasizes personal relationships with god
movement arising the the late 19th century that was committed to the re-establishment of a jewish homeland
persecution of jews by german nazis from 1933-1945, murdered around 6million using concentration camps
commemorates the exodus of the jews from bondage in egypt and is a time of joyful celebration
the primary ritual marking the jewish coming of age, when a child takes religious responsibilities of an adult
a common jewish religious perspective of jesus's time which held that the world had come under the control of evil forces and was heading toward the climatic end time at which point god would intervene to usher a reign of perfect justice and goodness
short statement of christian belief that sets forth the foundations of the central doctrines of the incarnation and the trinity
an effort begun in 1545, initiated partly by the protestant reformation to clarify church doctrines
officials within the early church who were like the presbyters in that they assisted the bishops but were on closer terms with the congregation at large
referring generally to the saving power of the life, crucifixion, and resurrection of the jesus christ
doctrine of christianity, says that jesus became fully human while remaining fully divine
the punishment due for sins committed, buying and selling of them was common in catholicism
27 writings that by the late 4th century AD, had been adopted by orthodox christians as their primary sacred text
formulated at council of Nicaea, setting forth precise language and the doctrines of the incarnation and of the trinity
deemed by those with true authority, major division of christianity dominant in the eastern regions of europe and the area surrounding the mediterranean sea
stories that jesus used to cast important moral lessons with the language and circumstances familiar to the common people
prevalent in calvin's form of protestantism states that god has already chosen those who will be saved from sin
a widespread phenomenon in 16th century europe that resulted in the emergence of protestantism from catholicism
anticipated return of christ to the world, on which occasion the dead will be resurrected and all people will be judged
second vatican council
council of catholic bishops that aimed to reflect on church teaching so that the church would respond appropriately to the needs of modern world
primary means for god's revelation of Christ beginning with he apostles and continuing in the present day through the church
a core christian doctrine stating that god consists of 3 persons - god the father, jesus the son, and the holy spirit = all one god
stone cube structure in courtyard of great mosque of mecca, believed to have been built by abraham
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