The short term movement of people away from where they live and work, normally for pleasure but also for business.
A tour where transport, accommodation and food are all included in one price.
Long Haul Flight
A flight over a long distance, usually taking more than 3 hours.
Short Haul Flight
A short distance flight or 3 hours or less.
Large numbers of people visiting the same area.
Holidays based on a particular area, interest or activity.
Fair Trade Tourism
Make sure the benefits go directly to those whose land, natural resources, work, knowledge and culture are being used.
Travel based around specific events whether sport, cultural or historical.
Tourism based on a historic legacy as its major attraction
An area where there are few people living; an area still in its natural state
Fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or area, as transportation and communication systems, power plants, and schools
the redevelopment of formerly run-down urban areas, often in the inner city through improvements to the environment, housing and employment opportunities
Gross national income (now used in preference to gross national product—GNP). The total value of goods and services produced within a country together with the balance of income and payments from or to other countries.
Gross Domestic Product- the total market value of all final goods and services produced annually in an economy
(Human Development Index)--indicator of level of development for each country, constructed by United Nations, combining GDP, literacy, education, and life expectancy
Quality of Life
The general well-being of a society in terms of political freedom, a clean natural environment, education, health care, safety, free time, and everything else that leads to satisfaction and joy.
Standard of Living
A measure of quality of life based on the amounts and kinds of goods and services a person can buy.
A statistic or se of statistics that can be used to mesure development e.g. GNI per capita, no. of people per doctor, HDI.
the widening difference between development levels in MDCs and LDCs
an act that exploits or victimizes someone (treats them unfairly)
An effect in economics in which an increase in spending produces an increase in national income and consumption greater than the initial amount spent.
Negative Multiplier Effect
the loss of indirect jobs caused by the closure or decline of a business
The result of contrasting demands between people.
A place of attractive scenery or historic value that attracts large numbers of visitors.
The permanent population living in an area.
Release of harmful materials into the environment
The distance from ground level to natural groundwater.
Gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, water vapor, and ozone in the atmosphere which are involved in the greenhouse effect.
A form of tourism that supports the conservation and sustainable development of ecologically unique areas
Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Business contributions to the community through the actions of the business itself rather than donations of money and time.
Run by local people to benefit local communities.
Tourism that has close contact with, and mainly benefits, local communities.
The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. It includes the concepts of species diversity, habitat diversity and genetic diversity.
Loss or substantial alteration of vegetation and soil structure, due in part to the concentrated pressure of people.