37 terms

Geography AQA B - Tourism flash cards

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Tourism
The short term movement of people away from where they live and work, normally for pleasure but also for business.
Package Holiday
A tour where transport, accommodation and food are all included in one price.
Long Haul Flight
A flight over a long distance, usually taking more than 3 hours.
Short Haul Flight
A short distance flight or 3 hours or less.
Mass tourism
Large numbers of people visiting the same area.
Specialist Holidays
Holidays based on a particular area, interest or activity.
Fair Trade Tourism
Make sure the benefits go directly to those whose land, natural resources, work, knowledge and culture are being used.
Event Tourism
Travel based around specific events whether sport, cultural or historical.
Heritage Tourism
Tourism based on a historic legacy as its major attraction
Wilderness
An area where there are few people living; an area still in its natural state
Infrastructure
Fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or area, as transportation and communication systems, power plants, and schools
Urban Regeneration
the redevelopment of formerly run-down urban areas, often in the inner city through improvements to the environment, housing and employment opportunities
GNI
Gross national income (now used in preference to gross national product—GNP). The total value of goods and services produced within a country together with the balance of income and payments from or to other countries.
GDP
Gross Domestic Product- the total market value of all final goods and services produced annually in an economy
HDI
(Human Development Index)--indicator of level of development for each country, constructed by United Nations, combining GDP, literacy, education, and life expectancy
Quality of Life
The general well-being of a society in terms of political freedom, a clean natural environment, education, health care, safety, free time, and everything else that leads to satisfaction and joy.
Standard of Living
A measure of quality of life based on the amounts and kinds of goods and services a person can buy.
Development Indicators
A statistic or se of statistics that can be used to mesure development e.g. GNI per capita, no. of people per doctor, HDI.
Development Gap
the widening difference between development levels in MDCs and LDCs
TNC
Transnational Corporation
Exploitation
an act that exploits or victimizes someone (treats them unfairly)
Multiplier Effect
An effect in economics in which an increase in spending produces an increase in national income and consumption greater than the initial amount spent.
Negative Multiplier Effect
the loss of indirect jobs caused by the closure or decline of a business
Conflict
The result of contrasting demands between people.
Honeypot
A place of attractive scenery or historic value that attracts large numbers of visitors.
Resident population
The permanent population living in an area.
Pollution
Release of harmful materials into the environment
Water Table
The distance from ground level to natural groundwater.
Greenhouse Gases
Gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, water vapor, and ozone in the atmosphere which are involved in the greenhouse effect.
Ecotourism
A form of tourism that supports the conservation and sustainable development of ecologically unique areas
Sustainable
Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Corporate Responsibility
Business contributions to the community through the actions of the business itself rather than donations of money and time.
Indigenous
Native
Grassroots
Run by local people to benefit local communities.
Community Tourism
Tourism that has close contact with, and mainly benefits, local communities.
Biodiversity
The amount of biological or living diversity per unit area. It includes the concepts of species diversity, habitat diversity and genetic diversity.
Footpath Erosion
Loss or substantial alteration of vegetation and soil structure, due in part to the concentrated pressure of people.