English

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Terms in this set (...)

Foreshadowing
text that sets up/hits an upcoming situation
Couplet
Stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse; usually rhymed
Dramatic Irony
irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience or readers but not by the characters in the story
Situational Irony
situation where the outcome is incongruous with what was expected, but it is also more generally understood as a situation that includes contradictions or sharp contrasts
Verbal Irony
Irony in which a person says or writes one thing and means the other
Pun
A joke exploiting the different possible meaning of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings
Metaphor
A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable
Imagery
descriptive language
Mythic Allusion
When a piece of art, poetry, literature, or music hints at a specific piece of mythology.
Aside
Line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intend for others on stage
Monologue
Dramatic speech by a single actor
Soliloquy
Dramatic speech intended to give the illusion of unspoken reflections, spoken usually alone or regardless of any hearers
Oxymoron
A figure of speech in which two opposite ideas are joined to create an effect
Personification
Giving an object human characteristics/ personality
Double Entendre
open to two interpretations
Sonnet
A poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes
Epithet
An adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a quality characteristic of the person or thing mentioned
Microcosm
a situation that is a small example of what the larger picture is ex:LOTF
Narrative Poetry
Tells a story using voice of narrator
Dramatic Poetry
Written in a verse meant to be recited
Rhyme
Corresponding of sound between words or the ending of words
Slant Rhyme
Words that almost rhyme, but don't
Alliteration
occurrence of same letter or sound between closely connected words
Assonance
Repetition of vowel sound
Consonance
Recurrence of similar sounds, specifically consonants
Onomatopoeia
word that describes a sound (BAM)
Figurative Language
Not literal meaning; for special effect or meaning
Free verse
poem that does not follow a pattern
Simile
A figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another
Tone
Attitude of the writer towards a subject or person
Shifts
Poem's tone/ subject changes suddenly or gradually
Stanza
Group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem ; a verse
Diction
Choice and use of words and phrases in speech or writing