66 terms

Edexcel GCSE Music Glossary

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SATB
the four voices used in a choir (soprano, alto, tenor, bass)
Oratorio
a religious piece like an opera but not acted on stage
Imitation
where one part copies another where it imitates it
Plagal Cadence
a section which ends with the chords 4 and 1 (subdominant to tonic)
Basso Continuo
the cello and organ playing a bass line this is common in baroque times
Hemiola
giving the music a feel of having 2 beats rather than 3
Sequence
a pattern moving up or down
Ostinato
a constantly repeated pattern often found in minimalism it is different to a riff
Homophonic
a tune with an accompaniment
Imitative
when the melodies copy one another
Symphony
a piece for an orchestra in 4 movements
Rubato
playing about with the speed of a piece, either slowing it down or speeding up
Cantable
the melody is played so that is sings out on the piano and uses a smooth sound
Sustuento
slow and sustained
Syncopation
off beat
Acciaccatura
a very short ornamental note just before a principal note
Enharmonic Change
the same note written two different ways
Pianissimo
very quiet
Pedal Note
a sustained note ofternn in the bass
Sehr Rasch
very fast
Klangfarbenmelodie
the tune is passed around the orchestra, between instruments- tone of colour ?
Hexachords
a chord with 6 notes
Atonal
no key
not in a key
Fragmented
broken up
Hauptstimme
principle melody
Metamorphosis
a basic change in form
Resultant melody
a melody made up from notes being played in different instrument parts
Metrical Displacement
playing the same thing but at a different time, sounds out of sync
Polymetre
a combination of different time signatures
Tritone
an interval of a sharpened 4th
Syllabic
one melody note per syllable
Octave displacement
moving notes from the melody into different octaves
Tremolo
very quick notes, gives a shaking effect
Harmonics
very high notes
Pizzicato
plucked strings
Strident
big, bold, confident
Frontline Instruments
the instruments that play the melody lines
Rhythmic Section
the instruments that play the background bass and beats
Head
the melody, and in ALL BLUES is followed by a riff
Riff
a repeated pattern
Backbeats
accenting the beats which are not usually accented in MOBY 2&4
Sub-bass
a very low bass ('thumping rumble')
Breakdown
one bar of silence
Panning
spreading the sound into a new stereo or speaker
sounds almost like a wave
Echo
a sound repeated after it has been heard
EQ
changes the frequency of a sound
Reverb
amplifying a sound, making it sound like it was recorded in an echoey space
Cross rhythms
two different rhythms being played at the same time, the rhythms usually have different time signatures
Flanging
sweeping effect produced through slight delay to copied sound
Distortion
making the sound rougher and harsher
Word Painting
when the word mirrors the musical effect being put on the music
Falsetto
notes higher than the normal male range
Sequence
when a melody is repeated a tone higher than it was previously
Tal
a rhythmic pattern in Indian music
Raga
the scale or mode used in an Indian rag
Alap
the first section of a raga where there is no fixed beat, it is also improvised
Drone
the repeated notes played on the tambura or shruti box
Gat
the pre composed instrumental section
Polyrhythmic
different rhythms played together
Heterophonic
a type of texture where a more complicated part is added on top of another one
Unison
signing or playing together
Call & Response
when a leader plays and the rest of the group repeats
Pentatonic Scale
scale using 5 notes
Vocables
nonsense syllables
Diatonic
using notes in the key
mixolydian mode
a scale that uses the following pattern of tones and semitones ttsttst