Chapter 14 Section 4
Terms in this set (21)
1066 when the French Duke conquered England
A community of people that share a government and territory
May 30, 1431
When Joan of Arc was burned at the stake
A council made of lords, commoners and clergy. This group had to give the
King Henry VIII
The Tudor monarchs started with this King.
Joan of Arc
She was burned for refusing to agree to a heretic. She also took control of the French forces to help them win the Hundred Years' War.
William the Conquerer
He was also known as the Duke of Normandy
June 15, 1215
When the Magna Carta was signed.
He was forced to sign the Magna Carta limiting he power of kings
Hundred Years' War
A series of conflicts between France and England, 1337-1453
Not loyal subjects to a lord of landowner
As this declined, so did the power of nobles.
The Battle of Orleans
The clash that was the beginning of the Hundred Years' War
Who would select bishops
The major conflict between the kings and the Pope during the Middle Ages
The place where the French defeated England during the Hundred Years' War
Tax money was used to hire armies'
Why medieval kings became more powerful during the 1200s
William of Normandy
The individual who conquered England
How did the Hundred Years' War help unify two nations?
116 years later, both sides were tired of fighting, but France won. The war stopped internal fighting between nobles so they could win the war.
The two limits placed on the King by the Magna Carta
1. The king couldn't jail free men without a just cause
2. The king couldn't raise taxes without consulting the great council
Power of the Purse
When the king of England needed to ask parliament for money in the Hundred Years' War and in times after.
What caused major changes during the Hundred Years' War?
Joan of Arc helped the French win the Battle of Orleans and inspired the French to win the war by her death.