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Infection Control DANB

Dental Assisting National Board Exam: Infection Control
STUDY
PLAY
Study of Microorganisms
Microbiology
Capable of Producing Disease
Pathogen
Capable of Causing Serious Disease
Virulent
Bacteria that Grow in Oxygen
Aerobes
Bacteria that Grow in the Absence of Oxygen
Anaerobes
Organisms that grow in the presence or absence of Oxygen
Faculative Anaerobes
Single-Celled Microscopic Animal without a Rigid Cell Wall
Protozoa
Hidden Virus During Latency Period
Provirus
Infectious agents that do not contain DNA or RNA
Prions
Most Resistant form of Bacteria
Spore
Yeast Infection of the Oral Mucosa
Oral Candidiasis
Father of Microbiology
Louis Pasteur
First Person to Record Microorganisms as being responsible for hospital-acquired infections
Joseph Lister
Name of the Staining Process for Separating Bacteria
Gram Test
Herpes Simplex II
Genital Herpes
A Persistent Infection in which Symptoms come and go
Latent Infection
Symptoms that are quite Severe and Short in Duration
Acute
Standard Designed to Protect Employees against occupational exposure to blood-borne pathogens
OSHA Blood borne Pathogen Standard
Touching or Contact with a Patient's Blood or Saliva
Direct Contact
Touching or Contact with a Contaminated Surface
Indirect Contact
Enters the mucosal surfaces of the eyes, nose or mouth
Droplet Infection
Exposure through skin such as, needle sticks, cuts and human bites
Percutaneous
Standard of Care designed to Protect healthcare providers from pathogens
Standard Precautions
Protective clothing, masks, gloves, and eye-wear to protect employees
Personal Protective Equipment
Waste that Presents Danger to Humans or the Environment
Hazardous Waste
Waste Capable of Transmitting Infectious Disease
Infectious Waste
Needles, scalpel blades, orthodontic wires, and Endodontic instruments are considered
Sharps
Waste that may contain body fluids such as gloves and patient napkins
Contaminated Waste
Immunity Present at Birth
Inherited Immunity
Immunity that Develops during a person's Lifetime
Acquired Immunity
Immunity that results when a person contracts a disease and recovers from it
Naturally Acquired Immunity
Immunity that occurs as a result of Vaccination
Artificially Acquired Immunity
Protective Eyewear must have
Side Shields
What type of gloves are worn to open drawers during a dental procedure
Overgloves
Another Term for Infectious Waste is
Regulated Waste
Fluid-Impervious material that is used to cover surfaces
Surface Barrier
Surfaces not directly touched but often touched by contaminated instruments
Transfer Surfaces
Removal of Bioburden before disinfection
Precleaning
Agent Capable of Inactivating Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
Tuberculocidal
Disinfectant capable of killing a wide range of microbes
Broad-Spectrum
High-Level Disinfectant or Sterilant
Glutaraldehyde
EPA-Registered intermediate-level disinfectant with broad spectrum disinfecting action
Synthetic Phenol Compound
EPA-Registered intermediate-level hospital disinfectant
Iodophor
Disinfectant which destroys TB, viruses, fungi, and vegetative bacteria - used for disinfecting dental operatories
Intermediate-level Disinfectant
Disinfectant which destroys certain viruses and fungi, used for general housekeeping (walls, floors)
Low-level Disinfectant
Which Regulatory Agency Requires the use of Surface Disinfection
OSHA
Why Must Surfaces be Precleaned
Remove Bioburden
Where are Antiseptics used
Skin
Which Agency Regulates Disinfectants
EPA
Name of Disinfectant that can leave a reddish or yellowish stain
Iodophor
Sodium Hypochlorite
Bleach
Not an effective Surface Disinfectant
Alcohol
Complete Destruction of all living Microorganisms
Sterilization
Method of Sterilization by use of Steam under Pressure
Autoclave
Strips known as Spore Tests, contain bacterial spores to determine whether sterilizer is working
Biologic Indicators
Method of Sterilization by use of hot formaldehyde vapors under pressure
Chemical Vapor Sterilizer
Instruments that come into contact with oral tissues but do not penetrate bone
Semi-critical Instruments
Instruments that come into contact with in-tact skin only
Non-critical Instruments
Method of Sterilization by use of heated air
Dry Heat
Tapes, Strips or Tabs that change color when they reach a certain temperature
Multiparameter Indicators
Device that loosens and removes debris with the use of sound waves traveling through liquid
Ultrasonic Cleanser
Method of Precleaning instruments that is the LEAST desirable
Hand Scrubbing
Instruments should be packaged for sterilization to
Maintain Sterility
Best way to ensure sterilization has occurred
Biologic Indicator
When can you use 'flash' sterilization
When Instruments will be used right away
Major advantage of Chemical Vapor Sterilization
Will not rust instruments
Regulatory Agency concerned with Regulation of Sterilization Equipment
FDA
Non-Regulatory Agency that issues recommendations on health and safety
CDC
Professional Organization for Dentists
ADA
Regulatory Agency that enforces regulations that pertain to employee safety
OSHA
Resource for safety and infection prevention info. in Dentistry
OSAP
Federal Agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for prevention of work-related disease and injury
NIOSH
Regulatory Agency that deals with Environmental or Public Safety
EPA
A Form that Provides Health and Safety Info. Regarding Materials that Contain Chemicals
MSDS
Repeated Exposure over a Long Period
Chronic Exposure
High Level of Exposure over a Short Period of Time
Acute Exposure
Waste that contains chemicals that could pose risk
Hazardous Waste
How Should Chemicals be stored
Cool, dry, dark place
Slime-Producing bacterial communities that may also harbor fungi, algae and protozoa
Biofilm
Bacteria Floating in Water
Planktonic Bacteria
How often should micro-filters in waterlines be changed
Daily
According to CDC what kind of water should be used for Surgical Procedures
Sterile Water
A Substance that inhibits the growth of bacteria, often used for handwashing.
Antiseptic
The absence of Pathogens, or disease-causing microorganisms. Used to describe the prevention of Infection.
Asepsis
Conditions Present for Infection to Occur (3)
1. Susceptible Host 2. Sufficient Pathogen (in strength or number) 3. Portal of Entry
Needlestick Injury
Parental Exposure, Occupational Exposure
Shapes of Bacteria (3)
Spherical (Cocci), Rod (Bacilli), Spiral (Spirochetes)
Which PPE is removed first
Gloves
Autoclave Steam temp/PSI
250 Degrees Fahrenheit, 15-30 PSI
Purpose of Holding Solution
Prevent the Drying of Blood and debris on instruments
Ultrasonic Cleanser solution should be changed
Daily
Process which kills disease-causing microorganisms, but not necessarily all forms of life
Disinfection
Spore of Bacillus atrophaeus used to monitor
Dry Heat
The best time to clean and disinfect dental prosthesis or impression
Immediately after removal from patient's mouth
Scrap Amalgam should be collected and stored in
A Designated, dry, airtight container (May include Neutralizer)
All Containers holding Potentially Infectious Materials should be
Labeled with a Biohazard Sticker
Treating all Patients as if they could be Potentially Infectious
Universal Precautions
How many hours must instruments be submerged in Glutaraldehyde in order to achieve Sterilization
10 Hours
When should Dental Handpieces be Sterilized
After Each Use
A Liquid Soap used for Hand scrubbing may include
Iodine Surgical Scrub, Chlorohexadine Soap, Hexachlorophene Soap, Antimicrobial Soap etc.
Dental Mask Filtration
N95