The combined ratio of children and older people to individuals aged 18-64 is called
Total Dependency Ratio
Which of the following is defined as the average number of years people in a given population can expect to live?
The three-stage shift from high mortality & fertility rates to low mortality & fertility rates occurs through a socioeconomic process, which is called
Which term below fits the following definition: The incidence of death in a population
Humans are active agents that who create the society in which they live is known as "Social _______."
Age timetables refers to the idea that there are appropriate ages
For making various life course tansitions
What is the definition of an empty nest?
When a couple's children are grown and move out of the house.
What theory holds that normal aging involves a natural and inevitable mutual withdrawal from involvement with others?
Which of the following is an example of cross-sectional research?
Asking a 20-yr. old, a 40-yr. old, and a 60-yr. old the same question
Gerontologists define a "cohort" as:
Aggregate of individuals who experience the same event within the same time interval
Research has found that most children's book portray the elderly:
in a stereotypical and negative fashion
The term "Geriatrics" is different from "Gerontology" because it focuses on _______ and aging
A gerontologist who studies life transitions and trajectories is likely using the
Life Course Framework
Studying the life satisfaction of 2011 WMU graduates for the next 60 years is an example of
A theory is:
a broad explanation that provides the structure for organizing and interpreting multiple observable facts and their relationship to one another.
Based on the definition of "deferred exchange strategies" the person most likely to be involved in this strategy would be a:
In the third stage of demographic transition, the population as a whole ages and more deaths are caused by ____.
chronic, long-term conditions
The statement "The rich get richer and the poor get poorer." Might be said by a Political Economist who supports the Theory of Cumulative
Gerontologists define a "cohort" as:
Aggregate of individuals who experience the same event within the same intercal
What term refers to the amount of preretirement pay that is replaced by the social security retirement benefit?
The three types of welfare in the welfare state are social insurance, fiscal welfare and
What term refers to the taxes levied on workers and employers to fund social insurance programs?
Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a means -tested public assistance program for the aged, blind and
The measure of the number of years a person can expect to live without a disability is called?
active life expectancy
Unstable molecules that are produced when the body transforms food into chemical energy
Free radical theory
What are the dark spots or discoloration that you often see on the backs of very older people's hands or on their forearms?
If an adult exhibits trembling, withdrawal from interaction, hallucinations, loss of balance they should probably be tested for
If a person's arteries are less elastic and the heart must work hard to pump blood through the arteries, he or she likely has
Research on two types of intelligence shows that one type stays about the same in later life, and ________ declines.
Older people tend to be less able than younger people to
Juggle many items in their short-term memory
Research has demonstrated that ________ is a good way to fight depressive symptoms in
Match a term with the following definition: A mental disorder caused by severe deterioration of the brain.
What is required to identify relationships and to make conclusions on the basis of that understanding?
Individuals who provide assistance, emotional interaction, and social interaction are referred to by gerontologists as
In the U.S. in 2000, 26% of 75-84 year old _____ and 71% of 75-84 year old _____ are married.
When a married couple is in the early years of retirement, their level of marital satisfaction is _______ when they were first married.
About the same as
A UCLA study of 70-94 year olds found that unmarried men reported ______ sexual activity compared to women.
About the same level of
Children whose parents have divorced have _____ a sense of obligation to parents than those in intact families.
A grandparent who provides very frequent, parent-like interaction with a grandchild would be described as
According to the textbook, the most significant growth trend in housing for the elderly is
Assisted living facilities
Grandparents who maintained a ________ relationship with their grandchildren focused on emotionally satisfying, leisure-time activities and reported an easygoing, friendly style of interaction.
Which term matches the following definitions: Situation when people grow older in four or maybe even five family generations.
Bean Pole family structure
When older adult children and their parents live together, it is more likely that
adult children move in with parents
Residents of assisted living facilities are more likely to be satisfied with their setting if staff
encourage autonomy in decision making
The percent of elderly people living with their children was _____ in 1850 compared to 2000.
A little higher About the same Much lower major drawback of continuing care retirement communities is the:
Elderly people preferring to stay in their homes as they grow older is a choice called
Aging in place
Since many more women began working outside the home in the late 1960s and 1970s, it makes sense that there was a sharp increase in the employment of women aged 65 and over in
In comparing the years 1983 to 2006, in 2006 58-62 year old men were _______ to be working for the same employer they worked for when they were 50.
When considering the health of the 45-64 year old age group, blacks are ______ to be able to work as whites.
If ______ part-time work.
you are working part-time because you are unable to find full-time work, that is called
The trend in jobs from 1977 to 2007 indicates a _____ in part-time work schedules and a _____ in full-time work schedules for those 65 and over.
When an employer regularly adds funds to an investment account for a worker, that is called a
________ is any arrangement that allows older workers to reduce their responsibilities and ease gradually into full retirement.
In her recent editorial in the Baltimore Sun, Susan Reimer advocates that Baby Boomers should
Ease into retirement
Research results indicate people who are ______ have more positive attitudes in retirement and higher satisfaction with retirement.
Which word best describes a pension plan in which the set monthly benefit level is based on year of service and prior earnings?
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 banned discrimination against workers aged 40-65 and forbade employers from firing, demoting, or reducing salaries of older workers
without a good cause
The theory that indicates that people who begin life with fewer resources continue to have fewer opportunities to accumulate them in later years is:
Cumulative Disadvantage Theory
In a study examining hypertension among African Americans, Jamaicans, and Nigerians, it was found that an explanation of hypertension among African Americans is mainly:
Due to immigration status and other factors, which of the following ethnic groups is least likely to have health insurance?
Hispanics/Latinos in the U.S.
There have been several health care plans to control the growth of Medicare. Which one of the following plans began in the 1980s and specifies a fixed cost for a specific time period in which the patient is hospitalized?
Diagnostic related grouping
Several studies have found social support to have a positive effect on the cardiovascular, endocrine, and immune systems.
Care of the frail elderly exists on a continuum of care. The least formal care is performed by:
There is a gender difference in the division of labor among caregivers. Daughters are more likely to provide all of the following except:
One study examining stress for women caring for a parent with Alzheimer's disease found that the greatest source of stress was:
A study of 20 adolescent grandchildren of Alzheimer's patients found that the caregiving experience had had a/an ________ influence on family relationships.
Which of the following activities is not one performed by home and community- based services?
Members of racial and ethnic minorities are more likely to be accepted for _________ on admission to nursing homes than Caucasians.
The physician Elizabeth Kubler-Ross identified five stages of dying. Which of the following is NOT one of those five stages?
In a ________, individuals specify their wish for treatment in advance. A. living testimony
Who has the highest rate of suicide among those aged 65 and older, according to the U.S. Census Bureau?
A pattern of behavior based on choices and options that are available to people according to their life situations.
After smoking, what is the next most important lifestyle that affects health in later life?
Withholding or withdrawing medical treatment from the hopelessly ill is defined as
The term ___________ care refers to a range of services designed to help people with chronic conditions compensate for limitations in their ability to function independently.
What term best describes watchdogs that monitor the quality of care in nursing homes by investigating complaints by families and residents against facilities?