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Repetition of words derived from the same root.


Repetition of a word in two different senses.


Use of words alike in sound but different in meaning.

Periphrasis/ Antonomasia

Substitution of a descriptive word or phrase for a proper name or of a proper name for a quality associated with the name.

Personification/ Prosopopoeia

Investing abstractions or inanimate objects with human qualities or abilities.

Rhetorical Question/ Erotema

Asking a question, not for the purpose of eliciting an answer, but for the purpose of asserting or denying something obliquely.


Use of a word in such a way as to convey a meaning opposite to the literal meaning of the word


Use of words whose sound echoes the sense.


An apparently contradictory statement that nevertheless contains a measure of truth.


To take a usually serious topic and turn them into humor to entertain.

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