73 terms

APUSH Chapter 19

Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin proved to be the most influential publication in arousing the northern and European publics against the evils of slavery.
Prosouthern Kansas pioneers brought numerous slaves with them in order to guarantee that Kansas would not become a free state.
False-Prosouthern Kansas pioneers voted "early and often" in order to guarantee that Kansas would not become a free state.
The violence in Kansas was provoked by both radical abolitionists and militant proslavery forces.
By opposing the proslavery Lecompton Constitution in Kansas, Senator Stephen A. Douglas was able to unite the Democratic party.
False-By opposing the proslavery Lecompton Constitution in Kansas, Senator Stephen A. Douglas was able to divide the Democratic party.
Both South Carolina and Massachusetts defiantly reelected the principal figures in the Brooks-Sumner beating incident.
Although the Republican candidate lost to Buchanan, the election of 1856 demonstrated the growing power of the new anti-slavery party.
The Dred Scott decision upheld the doctrine of popular sovereignty that the people of each territory should determine whether or not to permit slavery.
False-The Dred Scott decision said that it was illegal to outlaw slavery.
Republicans considered the Supreme Court's Dred Scott decision invalid and vowed to defy it.
In the Lincoln-Douglas debates, Lincoln's criticisms forced Douglas to back away from his support for popular sovereignty.
False-In the Lincoln-Douglas debates, Lincoln's criticisms forced Douglas to reinforce his support for popular sovereignty.
John Brown's raid at Harper's Ferry failed to set off a slave uprising but succeeded in inflaming passions in both North and South.
Northern Democrats walked out of the Democratic party in 1860 when southerners nominated Stephen A. Douglas for president.
False-Northern Democrats nominated Douglas for president and Southerners nominated Breckinridge.
The election of 1860 was really two campaigns, Lincoln versus Douglas in the North and Bell versus Breckenridge in the South.
The overwhelming support for Lincoln in the North gave him a majority of the total popular vote despite winning almost no votes in the South.
Seven states seceded and formed the Confederate States of America during the "lameduck" period between Lincoln's election and his inauguration.
Lincoln made a strong effort to get the South to accept the Crittenden Compromise in order to avoid a civil war.
False-Lincoln made a strong effort to deny the Crittenden Compromise because it went against his platform.
Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin
a. greatly strengthened northern anti-slavery feeling.
Hinton R. Helper's The Impending crisis of the South contended that
c. slavery deeply harmed the poor whites of the South.
The conflict over slavery in Kansas
d. was greatly escalated by abolitionist-funded settlers and pro-slavery "border ruffians" from
As presented to Congress, the Lecompton Constitution provided for
d. the admission of Kansas as a slave state.
The fanatical abolitionist John Brown made his first entry into violent antislavery politics by
a. killing five proslavery settlers at Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas.
The Sumner-Brooks affair revealed
b. the violent disagreements about slavery were being felt in the halls of Congress.
The election of 1856 was most noteworthy for
c. the dramatic rise of the Republican party.
In the Dred Scott decision, the Supreme Court
c. ruled that Congress could not prohibit slavery in the territories because slaves were private property.
The panic of 1857 encouraged the South to believe that
a. its economy was fundamentally stronger than that of the North.
A key issue in the Lincoln-Douglas debates was
b. whether the people of a territory could prohibit slavery in light of the Dred Scott decision.
Southerners were particularly enraged by the John Brown affair because
b. they believed Brown's violent abolitionist sentiments were shared by the whole North.
In the campaign of 1860, the Democratic Party
c. split in two, with each faction nominating its own presidential candidate.
During the campaign of 1860, Abraham Lincoln and the Republican Party
a. opposed the expansion of slavery but made no statements threatening to abolish slavery in
the South.
Within two months after the election of Lincoln,
b. seven southern states had seceded and formed the Confederate States of America.
Lincoln rejected the proposed Crittenden Compromise because
b. it permitted the further extension of slavery south of the 36º 30' line.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
A powerful, personal novel that altered the course of American politics.
The Impending Crisis of the South
A book by a southern writer that argued that slavery especially oppressed poor whites.
Beecher's Bibles
Rifles paid for by New England abolitionists and brought to Kansas by anti-slavery pioneers.
Bleeding Kansas
Term that describes the prairie territory where a small-scale civil war erupted in 1856.
Lecomton Constitution
Trickery proslavery document deigned to bring Kansas into the Union but was blocked by Stephen A. Douglas.
Know Nothing Party
Anti-immigrant party headed by former President Fillmore that competed with the Republicans and Democrats in the election of 1856.
Dred Scott decision
Controversial Supreme Court ruling that blacks had no civil or human rights and that Congress could not prohibit slavery in the territories.
Panic of 1857
Sharp economic decline that increased the northern demands for a high tariff and convinced southerners that the North was economically vulnerable.
Lincoln Douglass Debate
Thoughtful political discussion during an Illinois Senate campaign that sharply defined national issues concerning slavery.
Constitutional Union Party
Newly formed middle-of-the-road party of elderly politicians that sought compromise in 1860, but carried only three border states.
South Carolina
First state to secede from the Union in December, 1860.
Confederate States of America
A new nation that proclaimed it independence in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1861.
Crittenden Compromise
A last-ditch plan to save the Union by providing guarantees for slavery in the territories.
Election of 1860
Four-way race for the presidency that resulted in the election of sectional minority president.
Lame Duck
Period between Lincoln's election and his inauguration during which the ineffectual President Buchanan remained in office.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
E. "The little woman who wrote the book that made this great
war" (the Civil War)
Hinton R. Helper
G. Southern-born author whose book attacking slavery's
effects on whites aroused northern opinion
New England Emigrant Aid
O. Abolitionist group that sent settlers and "Beecher's Bibles"
to oppose slavery in Kansas
John Brown
F. Fanatical and bloody-minded abolitionist martyr admired
in the North and hated in the South
James Buchanan
N. Weak Democratic president whose manipulation by
proslavery forces divided his own party
Charles Sumner
K. Abolitionist senator whose verbal attack on the South
provoked a physical assault that severely injured him
Preston Brooks
A. Southern Congressman whose bloody attack on a northern
senator fueled sectional hatred
John C. Fremont
J. Romantic western hero and first republican candidate for
Dred Scott
C. Black slave whose unsuccessful attempt to win his
freedom deepened the sectional controversy
Harper's Ferry
L. Site of a federal arsenal where a militant abolitionist
attempted to stop a slave rebellion
Stephen A. Douglas
B. Leading northern Democrat whose presidential hopes fell
victim to the conflict over slavery
Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas
H. Scene of militant abolitionist John Brown's massacre of
proslavery men in 1856
John C. Breckinridge
M. Buchanan's vice president, nominated for president by
breakaway southern Democrats in 1860.
Montgomery, Alabama
I. Site where the seven seceding states united to declare their
independence from the United States
Jefferson Davis
D. Former United States senator who in 1861 became the
president of what called itself a new nation
H. B. Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin
I. Persuaded millions of northerners and
Europeans that slavery was evil and should be
The exercise of "popular sovereignty" in
J. Led to a "mini" prairie civil war between
proslavery and antislavery groups
Buchanan's support for the proslavery
Lecompton Constitution
H. Offended Senator Douglas and divided the
Democratic party
The Dred Scott case
G. Infuriated Republicans and made them
determined to defy the Supreme Court
The 1858 Illinois senate race
D. Made Lincoln a leading national Republican
figure and hurt Douglas' presidential chances
John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry
C. Convinced southerners that the North generally
supported murder and slave rebellion
The splitting of the Democratic party in
B. Shattered one of the last links between the
sections and almost guaranteed Lincoln's
victory in 1860
The election of Lincoln as president
A. Moved South Carolina to declare immediate
secession from the Union.
The "lame-duck" period and Buchanan's
F. Paralyzed the North as the southern secessionist
movement gained momentum
Lincoln's rejection of the Crittenden
E. Ended the last hopes of a peaceable sectional
settlement and an end to secession
In which six northern states did Lincoln carry every single county?
Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island
In which four future Confederate states was the opposition to secession strongest?
Virginia, Alabama, Tennessee, and Georgia
In which three states did every single county for which returns are available support secession?
Arkansas, North Carolina, and South Carolina