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Jekyll and Hyde Study Guide Questions (Answers)
Terms in this set (34)
What is Mr. Utterson's relationship to Mr. Enfield? How are the two men alike? Different?
Mr. Utterson and Mr. Enfield are cousins. Utterson is a middle-aged lawyer, a trusted friend of many of the characters. Enfield is younger and more "wild." Utterson appears throughout the novella; Enfield is only in two scenes. Enfield is more social than Utterson.
Compare and contrast the description of the building and door used by Mr. Hyde and Enfield's description of him. How does Stevenson seem to be using setting to convey a sense of the man?
The door is plain, the building is dirty but the windows are always clean. Hyde mimics the building he is "acceptable" but not orderly. Ugly building, ugly owner. The building you can look at and know why it is scary; Hyde you cannot.
What is the story of Cain and Abel? What does it mean that Mr. Utterson says he inclines to Cain's heresy in his dealings with others? Explain why you agree or disagree with this way of dealing with your acquaintances. Do you feel you would want to ignore or confront them with their failings or foolishness so they would improve their lives?
Cain asked God, "Am I my brother's keeper?" meaning do I have to watch over Abel all of the time. Utterson does not like to get involved in other people's lives, and he's even willing to let them go down the "wrong path" and not help them.
Cain was a "bad" person, Utterson was a lawyer, and is used to being around his type so he has an insight to their character. He can judge a book by its cover. He will not turn down work/pay. The expression, "...he inclines to Cain's heresy..." could be foreshadowing of events to come. Jekyll and Hyde are "brothers" or of the same flesh, one will be killed by the other. The difference is, in this situation, if one dies they both die.
Although both Utterson and Enfield protest that they prefer to mind their own business, both men actively seek to help others. Describe Enfield's reaction to Hyde's collision with the little girl. Do you think a citizen today would respond similarly to a wrongdoer? Why or why not? What does this say about basic assumptions of how a gentleman should act in Victorian London?
Hyde and the little girl collided on the corner, he proceeded to jump and down on the girl while she screamed, and then he ran off. Enfield ran after him and brought him back to the scene. Hyde did not have any response while the doctor examined the girl. Hyde agreed to pay 100 pounds to avoid a scandal; he got the money/check from behind the door. Enfield suggested that they all stay with him for the night. They did and then went to the bank the next morning.
Describe the reason that Dr. Lanyon became estranged from Dr. Jekyll. What does this indicate about Lanyon's character?
Dr. Jekyll started going crazy and Dr. Lanyon started to distance himself from him. After that when they were around each other they always argued about scientific questions. Dr. Lanyon was very worried about appearances and did not want to be associated with someone who was of questionable character.
Why is Utterson so obsessed with images from Enfield's story about Hyde that he cannot sleep?
He was a friend of Dr. Jekyll and had drafted his will. He was really not comfortable with the will now that he had heard the story Mr. Enfield told. He is worried for his friend. Utterson has not seen Hyde and has no face for the man in his dreams.
Once Utterson confronts Hyde, how does he feel toward him? What reason does Utterson give for his feelings about Hyde? In Utterson's response to Hyde, what does Stevenson tell us about Hyde?
He says, "thank you and now we will know each other if we meet." He agrees that he has a deformity but he cannot really name. He says he has "Satan's signature" on his face. Hyde will not look Utterson in the face until he insists. Hyde makes snide comments to Utterson. Hyde is a private person, he does not like people, he is awkward, and he is hiding something.
Why doesn't Stevenson ever tell us what Hyde's face looks like?
To let the reader use their imagination to what Mr. Hyde looks like. Keeps you interested and reading.
Describe the appearance of the street and house in which Jekyll lives. What can we infer about Dr. Jekyll from this setting?
The house is "normal" with a butler. The main room is comfortable and warm. Cabinets are costly.
Jekyll has money and lives comfortably. His personality is warm and inviting like his home.
Utterson's speculation on Jekyll's connection to Hyde make him reflect on his own vices and failings. What could Stevenson be implying about human nature in Utterson's reflection?
Everyone has a dark side; by experiencing Hyde face-to-face, people become more aware of this repressed side of themselves.
How does Jekyll describe Lanyon? What does this suggest about Jekyll's feelings about his own abilities?
Dr. Jekyll describes Lanyon as a "high bound pedant, ignorant, blatant pedant." This suggests that Dr. Jekyll feels his abilities as a scientist are highly commendable and beyond reproach. His theories are true and strongly disagrees with Lanyon.
What does Jekyll ask of Utterson at the end of this chapter? Why does Utterson have strong misgivings about this request?
Jekyll asks Utterson to promise that he will give Hyde, as beneficiary all of Jekyll's estate. "I only ask for justice...when I am no longer there." Heaving a sigh, Utterson agrees: "I promise." Poole tells Utterson that Hyde has a key to the laboratory and that all the servants have orders to obey Hyde. The lawyer heads home, worrying about his friend. He assumes Hyde is blackmailing Jekyll perhaps for some wrong doings that Jekyll committed in his youth.
What is revealed about the levels of Victorian society in the first page of this chapter?
News travels fast . Victorian Society was very formal...very proper. Women were considered "fragile" and were sheltered. She is sitting on a box, using it as furniture.
How is Hyde described as he kills Sir Danvers Carew? How does this image fit with the other physical descriptions Stevenson has given of Hyde?
The two are walking along at night. Their conversation becomes heated. Hyde begins to beat Carew with his cane. (The cane breaks during the beating.) Hyde eventually ends up jumping up and down on Carew breaking his bones....What does this remind you of in chapter one? There is an uneasy look about Hyde; people do not want to be around him or look at him for long periods of time. People such as this give a sinister vibe and give the impression that they are capable of evil.
As Utterson takes the police office to arrest Hyde, Stevenson gives a vivid description of the "dismal quarter of Soho" where Hyde lives. What is the effect of this description on our mood? What is the effect of this description on our understanding of Hyde?
The scene is dark and dismal and so is Hyde; it is the thing of nightmares. Also, the fog gives a sinister feel to the scene. It makes the reader expect something bad to happen.
Why do you think that Utterson feels "a terror of the law and the law's officers"?
Utterson is nervous about what could go down. He feels he is always surrounded by cops and lawyers, and is concerned he might become involved and even be considered a potential suspect.
Is there any significance in the fact that although Hyde's specific facial features cannot be recognized, everyone remembers the sense of deformity he conveyed?
There is a deformity about him but you cannot really describe it. People see him but do not want to look at him as he makes them feel uncomfortable. Plus, Hyde only comes out at night; it is more difficult to make out someone's features in low or no light.
Dr. Jekyll is a changed man when Utterson greets him in this chapter compared to the last time Utterson saw him. What accounts for this change?
Jekyll is meeker and is not as quick to defend Hyde. He has a letter from Hyde stating that Dr. Jekyll was not responsible for Hyde's actions or behaviors. The letter went on to say that he would not be seen again. Mr. Hyde also revokes his claim to Dr. Jekyll's estate. Dr. Jekyll says he will no longer have any contact with Mr. Hyde. Utterson feels like there is something not exactly right about the letter and has his clerk Mr. Guest examine the document. Mr. Guest notices that the signature is very similar to Dr. Jekyll's.
What lesson do you think Jekyll has learned?
He might not have as much control as he had previously thought.
What happens to Dr. Lanyon? Is there any suggestion about what has caused his illness?
Utterson visits Dr. Lanyon and mentions that he looks ill. Lanyon tells him that he is a doomed man. He claimed to of had a shock and later died in his bed. Hyde allowed Lanyon to witness his change back into Jekyll. Jekyll then confessed his sins to Lanyon. Since Lanyon is such a Godly man, this literally shocked him.
Why does Utterson mutter, "God forgive us" after the incident at the window?
The most probable reason for this happening was that his friends Jekyll replied in a low manner and he does not fully reveal the reason why, which seems dreary to Utterson. Utterson tried really hard to urge his friend to be courageous.
Why does Poole believe that his master has been murdered?
Poole and Utterson were looking for Jekyll when they heard Hyde behind the door. They broke down the door only to find the Hyde dressed in Jekyll's clothing. The key was inside with Hyde, broken.
Jekyll was locked in a room for days, so Poole thought he was killed.
What is the evidence that a troubled person had lived in the room where Hyde was found dead?
The servants say that "There had been crying night and day for some sort of medicine." The sight of this secluded person.. "He was looking on the body of a self destroyer.
What caused Lanyon to become mortally ill? How do we know that Lanyon was so vulnerable to shock? Has Stevenson sufficiently prepared us for the disastrous effect of Jekyll's revelations? Why did Stevenson need to kill Lanyon off for purposes of plot?
Lanyon became mortally ill after seeing Jekyll transform into Hyde; the event was too much for the doctor to take as it was "impossible." Dr. Lanyon's character symbolized truth, goodness, respect and everything rational and when he died as a result of Jekyll's transformation it was a small victory for evil.
Why did Jekyll want to reveal his transformation to Dr. Lanyon?
He needed someone to get the ingredients for the potion. He confides in Lanyon because he is a scientist and will understand more than the average person.
What led to Dr. Jekyll's "profound duplicity of life"?
Jekyll wanted to continue fulfilling his dark desires/pleasures without negatively affecting his public, socially acceptable self.
What does Jekyll mean when he says that man is "truly two" and that "in the agonized womb of consciousness, there polar twins should be continuously struggling"?
Every man has "two" sides at war within, good and evil. It is not that a man is good or that a man is evil for an individual has the potential for either within. Being acutely aware of the "evil" will make a "good" individual fight harder to do "good" or perhaps a bad individual fight harder to avoid the goodness.
Why did Jekyll enjoy being Hyde? In other words, what aspects of Hyde's persona were attractive to Jekyll?
Hyde was not constrained by rules, manners, and social norms; he could be free in the truest sense. Hyde's inhibitions were gone and he was free to act on his deepest desires.
Was Jekyll ever able not to feel guilty for the sins of Hyde? Why or why not?
At first, yes, he dismissed the behaviors as "not his" and went along with his day. When Hyde's actions escalated to the point of murder Jekyll realized he was no longer in control, he began to feel guilt, and tried to suppress Hyde permanently.
Jekyll describes his descent from the undignified to the monstrous. What caused this descent?
The loss of control of when he changed into Hyde; Hyde was becoming more and more powerful. Hyde was able to take over Jekyll's form without the potion; Jekyll was having to drink more and more potion to turn back into himself.
What are the main reasons that Jekyll to cast off his Hyde nature forever?
Hyde is taking over and Jekyll is changing without using the potion. Hyde is growing in stature; Jekyll is shrinking, showing his evil side is growing. Jekyll longs for his former boring life where he has friends and is loved.
Why does Jekyll's lower nature come to dominate him?
Hyde represents Jekyll's evil side. As Hyde performs acts of evil he grows and Jekyll shrinks. As Hyde grows he begins to dominate Jekyll.
Why does Hyde commit suicide?
Jekyll maintains a shred of control over Hyde, and he ends his life as a final act of control.
What morals or lessons can we draw from the strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde?
A lesson that we can learn from the strange case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is that curiosity sometimes kills the cat. It also teaches us a lesson about how far we should go with scientific exploration. This entire struggle between Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde was caused by Dr. Jekyll's original want for more. While the story doesn't teach us that exploration is bad is does give us a prime example of why we should form boundaries.
The lessons we can learn from The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde are to never underestimate the ability of another, to be accountable for all the actions we commit, the Devil is an evil being and works in crafty ways, and that you could be best friends with someone and still not really know them.
The morals and lessons that we learn in this story is that everyone one has a good side and a bad side and that we also have free will and a conscience to help control it. We also learn that we may show our bad side sometimes but it's better for us and for the people around us that we control it as much as possible.
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