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The American civil rights movement
Terms in this set (36)
Plessy v Ferguson
Supreme court case that ruled that "seperate but equal" institutions were constitutional
Laws separating different racial groups
The mixing of different racial groups
Civil rights movement
African Americans struggle for equal rights flight through court cases, sit ins, protests and boycotts
Jim Crow laws
Segregation laws in southern states
Laws in the south that strictly limited the rights of newly freed African-Americans
Brown v board of education
Supreme Court ruling that stated "separate but equal educational facilities (schools) are always unequal", outlawing segregation of schools. This overturned the ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
Montgomery, Alabama bus boycott
Nonviolent boycott organized by Martyn Luther King, in which African-Americans in Montgomery, Alabama boycotted buses for 381 days until the buses were desegregated
Refused to use something (buses)
Nonviolent protest against unjust laws
A form of nonviolent protest in which black students sit and refused to leave (Greensboro, North Carolina woolworth)
Young black and white activists who rode from town to town Integrating bus terminals throughout the south
NAACP( National Association for the advancement of colored people)
Organization founded by W.E.B du bois to fight for equality for African-Americans
SCLC ( Southern Christian leadership council)
Organization founded by Martin Luther King and other black leaders to carry on the fight for civil rights
CORE ( congress of racial equality)
Organization of black youths who carried out nonviolent protests, sentence, etc. to encourage civil rights
March on Washington DC
A nonviolent protest march organized by Martin Luther King to encourage support for the 1964 civil rights act. Martin Luther King delivered his famous "i have a dream.." Speech. Over 200,000 people marched
Black power movement
A part of the civil rights movement in the late 1960s where blacks believed that nonviolent protest was not effective enough
Radical black rights group that encouraged violence to respond to White violence against black civil rights protesters
Programs where businesses and universities sought to hire and promote minorities, women and others who had faced discrimination
Civil rights act of 1964
protected the right of all citizens against discrimination / ending discrimination in the workplace and segregation of public places / voting rights
Voting right act of 1965
Allowed federal officials to register blacks to vote in places that had discriminated against them. ( outlawed poll taxes, literacy tests, grandfather clause.)
African-American civil rights activist and member of the NAACP Who's refusal to give up her seat influenced the Montgomery Alabama bus boycott
Martin Luther King Jr.
Recognized as leader of the civil rights movement in the 1950s-60s. Preached civil disobedience or nonviolent protest
Lawyer of the NAACP Who helped win the decision in the supreme court case brown v. Board of education
Dwight D Eisenhower
President of the US who ordered and federal troops to desegregate Little Rock Central high school
Governor of Arkansas who opposed the Supreme Court's ruling to Desegregate public schools
resident of the US who signed into law the civil rights act of 1964 and the voting rights act of 1965
Militant Muslim leader of the Black power movement, and civil rights activist who believes blacks should meet violence with violence to bring about change
Grants african Americans Freedom - no slavery
Grants african Americans Equal citizenship and protection
Grants African-Americans the right to vote
How did the Supreme Court decision in plessy v. Ferguson effects of life in the south for African-Americans?
It made Southern society and segregation way of life. Everything became segregated.
What were black codes and Jim Crowe laws?
They segregate and belittle them or degrade blacks in the south
Identify and discuss at least four different methods used by African-Americans to bring about civil rights in the 1950s and 1960s?
1.) buses: Rosa parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger which set off a yearlong bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama 2.) Little Rock nine: U.S troops intervened on behalf of nine african american students blocked from entering all-white central high school in Little Rock, Arkansas 3.) sit ins: african american college students helped end segregation at lunch counters after a series of sit-ins that started in Greensboro, North carolina 4.) The voting rights act: congress outlawed literacy tests, poll taxes and other obstacles to african american voter registration.
What changes the silver rights act of 1964 and the voting rights act of 1965 bring about?
The Civil Rights Act (1964) - ends legal segregation and discrimination. The voting rights act (1965)-outlaws voter discrimination. / during this Johnson was president
How did the black power movement change the civil rights movement?
Malcolm x: believes in black power movement -separation of races and -blacks are superior to whites. Black panthers believe in violence to further the cause and - support confrontation
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
US History Ch 18, sections 1 & 2
US History Ch. 18, sections 3 & 4
The Americans Chapter 20
Chapter 20 Vietnam War
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