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In research on the sexuality of married couples, the variable that is most strongly correlated with an active and enjoyable sexual relationship in middle and late adulthood is

having had an enjoyable sexual relationship in early adulthood

Adulthood covers which four decades of life

20-60 years of age

Results of cross-sectional, longitudinal, and cross-sequential research on intelligence has led to the conclusion that

speed of response

The term "male menopause" is sometimes used to

gradual decrease of usual activity
dip in testosterone ; basically doesn't exist

In a given individual, short-term memory declines gradually during adulthood, vocabulary ability rises, math ability declines slightly, and social understanding remains at a high level. The different patterns exhibited by these various intelligences are evidence of


Research on expertise suggests that for a typical middle-aged adult, intelligence increases

in the areas that reflect their interest

Which of the following best describes the Big Five personality traits

stable traits by age 30

Typically, the relationship between middle-aged adults and their parents

improves with age

Researchers on obesity agree that in middle age

metabolism slows by a third

Because they are called on to help both older and younger generations of the family, the middle-aged adults have been called the

sandwich generation

The fastest-growing group in the population of the United States is the


In late adulthood, body fat is most likely to collect in the


When older adults were compared to younger adults in their ability to make a phone call every day at an appointed time, which of the following was observed

older adults outperform younger

Aging and disease are related in that the elderly

longer to recover from disease

Which type of cancer is evident in most men at age 80 or older, even when it is not the cause of death


The most critical damage caused by free radicals occurs in

atoms that have unpaired electrons (DNA)

In the body's immune system, the attack cells, called B-cells, are manufactured in the

bone marrow

Which of the following statements about the immune system is correct

decline of the immune system my be the cause of aging

Which of the following defines "maximum life span"?

limit to which members of a species can live

Some people refer to a period of unusual anxiety, reexamination, and transformation during middle adulthood as

mid-life crisis

The Hayflick limit is a natural limit to the


For people who reach late adulthood in good health, the most important determinant of longevity may be

activities and attitudes

The chief reason the elderly have difficulty in getting enough nutrients is the

reduced efficiency in the digestive system

When Rob graduated from college, he found a good job, a nice apartment, and made new friends. Now three years later, his company went bankrupt and he moved back into his parents' home. We can expect their relationship to


The decline in speed with which the older adult's brain registers new information will be most noticeable when an older adult tries to

when an older adult tries to find a friend at a busy shopping mall

Which of the following are typically true about never-married older adults

more involved with relatives

When it comes to satisfaction with daily life, studies show that for the elderly

friends are more imporatant than family

Research on sibling relationships in late adulthood indicates that

conflicts fate and closeness increases

Which of the following is characteristic of the relationship between most of the elderly and their children

conversations are confined

For most frail elderly Americans, their primary goal is to

living independently

Many elderly people who enter a nursing home soon become dependent and passive because

staff reward docile behavior

Throughout most of history, death has been viewed as an event

viewed as a accepted and familiar event

One of the first things Kübler-Ross learned from her research on people who were close to death was the importance of


Researchers who have subsequently investigated Kübler-Ross's stages have

- rarely found the same stages occuring in sequence

Chris is 8 years old and is dying of leukemia. His major concern will probably be

mechanics of dying

Ginger is 16 years old and is dying of an inoperable brain tumor. She is most likely to be concerned with

maintaining good apperance

The medical profession sometimes deprives the elderly of a good death by

trying to prolong life by extraordinary measures
avoiding dying patients

The intention of a living will is to

specify how much medical care to be given during a terminal illness

In the Netherlands, doctors cannot be prosecuted for assisted suicide or active euthanasia if

death would end intractable pain and suffering

Mrs. Nowak's husband died recently. It is most likely that she will be encouraged to


Research studies on alcohol use have shown that

light/moderate use of alcohol may increase longevity

Researchers on obesity agree that in middle age

metabolism slows down by 1/3

The average age of menopause is closest to


During menopause, vasomotor instability is most likely to cause

hot flashes and cold sweats

The multidisciplinary, scientific study of old age is called


The decline in fluid intelligence during adulthood

gradual accumulation of irreversible brain damage

The most controversial version of age stratification theory is


A person in middle adulthood can maintain a high level of stallized intelligence if he or she

temporarily disguised by increses in crystallized intelligence

Palliative care

provides relief from physical pain

With regard to the stresses of mourning, the elderly are particularly likely to suffer from

bereavment overload

The theory that DNA regulates the aging process is called the

Genetic Clock Theory

The groups of people who, traditionally, live to advanced age usually

work throughout life

Despite the arrival of AIDS, the death rate of middle-aged people has been reduced by ______ in the United States

50 percent

Between the ages of 45 and 54, African-Americans die at _____ the rate of European-Americans, who themselves die at _____ the rate of Asian-Americans

twice ; twice

When graphing population changes in developed nations, a population problem that may arise is

lack of babies

Conscientiousness is highly valued in


Familism is strongest among

african american and hispanic americans

Elderly people who are hard of hearing

excluded from social give and take

Which of the following fits Baltes' definition of wisdom

human experiences

The Big Five personality traits

extroversion/ introversion
openeness to experience/closed to experience

A man who is about to reach 65 years of age is developing a more passive style of interaction and withdrawing from society. Which theory would predict this behavior


Currently in the United States, women make up nearly _____ of the population over 65 years of age


The four protective factors or buffers for the elderly are

social networks
physical setting
financial resources

The term "social convoy" refers to the truism that

travel through life in the company of others

Today, the single older adult usually is

happy and active

Alexa, who is 56, finds it increasingly difficult to read the small print in the many contracts she processes. The most likely explanation for this problem is that Alexa, like many middle-aged adults

eye muscles weaken

Chronic diseases, such as hardening of the arteries, diabetes, and emphysema, typically proceed from the earliest stage to the most severe stage over a period of

40-50 years

A person's inability to act in "necessary, expected, and personally desired ways" is called


In the United States, surviving blacks have a lower death rate than surviving whites at the

oldest ages

The many changes of menopause are caused by the body's adjustment to lower levels of


Brain shrinkage and cell death are lowest in the


An elderly man or woman is concerned about decline of cognitive abilities with age. What would you recommend

read and possibly take classes

Dementia is

caused by mini-strokes ; involves the learning, memory, and language

loss brain functioning

Autopsies show the brains of Alzheimer's victims

proliferation of plaques and tangles
ibuprofen & coffee drinking with lowering development

Parkinson's disease produces dementia as well as

rigidity in the muscles

With regard to medication, compared to younger adults, the elderly

have a higher rate of adverse side effects

The highest suicide rate is found in people


In the elderly, the most common precipitating event for suicide is

social loss

Shondra has just gone through a divorce and in the first year she will be least likely to

be much happier than when she was married

According to Sternberg, overall _______ intelligence is a better predictor of accomplishment than are traditional IQ tests.


Seventy-five-year-old Pawel needs adequate amounts of ______ in his diet to ensure that his memory is working as well as it can.

vitamin b

Gilbert found that personality trumps experience. People who win a million dollars are overjoyed and:

revert to their previous level of happiness

By age 42 women become ________ aggressive and men become _________ conforming.

more ; more

Alice, 75, is a gifted artist who feels that only her _____ has changed as a result of being older.

sense of urgency

Ageism or prejudice about late adulthood is common among people:

all ages

retirement offers opportunities to

continue education ; maintain home and yard ; get involved in politics

stereotype threat

anxiety that other people are prejudice

preserving the self is crucil to older adults. explains the behaviors of

compulsive hoarding ; encouraging their grandchildren to repeat rituals and prayrs ; resisiting moving to new dwelling

_________ theory is to role relinquishment as ________ theory is to social involvement.

disengagement ; activity

A study of widows and widowers found that:

alost all idealized their marriages

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