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90 terms

dev. pysch 3

STUDY
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In research on the sexuality of married couples, the variable that is most strongly correlated with an active and enjoyable sexual relationship in middle and late adulthood is
having had an enjoyable sexual relationship in early adulthood
Adulthood covers which four decades of life
20-60 years of age
Results of cross-sectional, longitudinal, and cross-sequential research on intelligence has led to the conclusion that
speed of response
The term "male menopause" is sometimes used to
gradual decrease of usual activity
dip in testosterone ; basically doesn't exist
In a given individual, short-term memory declines gradually during adulthood, vocabulary ability rises, math ability declines slightly, and social understanding remains at a high level. The different patterns exhibited by these various intelligences are evidence of
...
Research on expertise suggests that for a typical middle-aged adult, intelligence increases
in the areas that reflect their interest
Which of the following best describes the Big Five personality traits
stable traits by age 30
Typically, the relationship between middle-aged adults and their parents
improves with age
Researchers on obesity agree that in middle age
metabolism slows by a third
Because they are called on to help both older and younger generations of the family, the middle-aged adults have been called the
sandwich generation
The fastest-growing group in the population of the United States is the
oldest-old
In late adulthood, body fat is most likely to collect in the
abdomen
When older adults were compared to younger adults in their ability to make a phone call every day at an appointed time, which of the following was observed
older adults outperform younger
Aging and disease are related in that the elderly
longer to recover from disease
Which type of cancer is evident in most men at age 80 or older, even when it is not the cause of death
...
The most critical damage caused by free radicals occurs in
atoms that have unpaired electrons (DNA)
In the body's immune system, the attack cells, called B-cells, are manufactured in the
bone marrow
Which of the following statements about the immune system is correct
decline of the immune system my be the cause of aging
Which of the following defines "maximum life span"?
limit to which members of a species can live
Some people refer to a period of unusual anxiety, reexamination, and transformation during middle adulthood as
mid-life crisis
The Hayflick limit is a natural limit to the
...
For people who reach late adulthood in good health, the most important determinant of longevity may be
activities and attitudes
The chief reason the elderly have difficulty in getting enough nutrients is the
reduced efficiency in the digestive system
When Rob graduated from college, he found a good job, a nice apartment, and made new friends. Now three years later, his company went bankrupt and he moved back into his parents' home. We can expect their relationship to
worsen
The decline in speed with which the older adult's brain registers new information will be most noticeable when an older adult tries to
when an older adult tries to find a friend at a busy shopping mall
Which of the following are typically true about never-married older adults
more involved with relatives
When it comes to satisfaction with daily life, studies show that for the elderly
friends are more imporatant than family
Research on sibling relationships in late adulthood indicates that
conflicts fate and closeness increases
Which of the following is characteristic of the relationship between most of the elderly and their children
conversations are confined
For most frail elderly Americans, their primary goal is to
living independently
Many elderly people who enter a nursing home soon become dependent and passive because
staff reward docile behavior
Throughout most of history, death has been viewed as an event
viewed as a accepted and familiar event
One of the first things Kübler-Ross learned from her research on people who were close to death was the importance of
...
Researchers who have subsequently investigated Kübler-Ross's stages have
denial
anger
bargaining
depression
acceptance
- rarely found the same stages occuring in sequence
Chris is 8 years old and is dying of leukemia. His major concern will probably be
mechanics of dying
Ginger is 16 years old and is dying of an inoperable brain tumor. She is most likely to be concerned with
maintaining good apperance
The medical profession sometimes deprives the elderly of a good death by
trying to prolong life by extraordinary measures
avoiding dying patients
The intention of a living will is to
specify how much medical care to be given during a terminal illness
In the Netherlands, doctors cannot be prosecuted for assisted suicide or active euthanasia if
death would end intractable pain and suffering
Mrs. Nowak's husband died recently. It is most likely that she will be encouraged to
...
Research studies on alcohol use have shown that
light/moderate use of alcohol may increase longevity
Researchers on obesity agree that in middle age
metabolism slows down by 1/3
The average age of menopause is closest to
50
During menopause, vasomotor instability is most likely to cause
hot flashes and cold sweats
The multidisciplinary, scientific study of old age is called
gerontology
The decline in fluid intelligence during adulthood
gradual accumulation of irreversible brain damage
The most controversial version of age stratification theory is
disengagement
A person in middle adulthood can maintain a high level of stallized intelligence if he or she
temporarily disguised by increses in crystallized intelligence
Palliative care
provides relief from physical pain
With regard to the stresses of mourning, the elderly are particularly likely to suffer from
bereavment overload
The theory that DNA regulates the aging process is called the
Genetic Clock Theory
The groups of people who, traditionally, live to advanced age usually
work throughout life
Despite the arrival of AIDS, the death rate of middle-aged people has been reduced by ______ in the United States
50 percent
Between the ages of 45 and 54, African-Americans die at _____ the rate of European-Americans, who themselves die at _____ the rate of Asian-Americans
twice ; twice
When graphing population changes in developed nations, a population problem that may arise is
lack of babies
Conscientiousness is highly valued in
china
Familism is strongest among
african american and hispanic americans
Elderly people who are hard of hearing
excluded from social give and take
Which of the following fits Baltes' definition of wisdom
human experiences
The Big Five personality traits
nueroticism
extroversion/ introversion
openeness to experience/closed to experience
agreeableness/antagonism
conscientiousness
A man who is about to reach 65 years of age is developing a more passive style of interaction and withdrawing from society. Which theory would predict this behavior
...
Currently in the United States, women make up nearly _____ of the population over 65 years of age
2/3
The four protective factors or buffers for the elderly are
attitudes
social networks
physical setting
financial resources
The term "social convoy" refers to the truism that
travel through life in the company of others
Today, the single older adult usually is
happy and active
Alexa, who is 56, finds it increasingly difficult to read the small print in the many contracts she processes. The most likely explanation for this problem is that Alexa, like many middle-aged adults
eye muscles weaken
Chronic diseases, such as hardening of the arteries, diabetes, and emphysema, typically proceed from the earliest stage to the most severe stage over a period of
40-50 years
A person's inability to act in "necessary, expected, and personally desired ways" is called
...
In the United States, surviving blacks have a lower death rate than surviving whites at the
oldest ages
The many changes of menopause are caused by the body's adjustment to lower levels of
estrogen
Brain shrinkage and cell death are lowest in the
women
An elderly man or woman is concerned about decline of cognitive abilities with age. What would you recommend
read and possibly take classes
Dementia is
caused by mini-strokes ; involves the learning, memory, and language

loss brain functioning
Autopsies show the brains of Alzheimer's victims
proliferation of plaques and tangles
ibuprofen & coffee drinking with lowering development
Parkinson's disease produces dementia as well as
rigidity in the muscles
With regard to medication, compared to younger adults, the elderly
have a higher rate of adverse side effects
The highest suicide rate is found in people
elderly
In the elderly, the most common precipitating event for suicide is
social loss
Shondra has just gone through a divorce and in the first year she will be least likely to
be much happier than when she was married
According to Sternberg, overall _______ intelligence is a better predictor of accomplishment than are traditional IQ tests.
creative
Seventy-five-year-old Pawel needs adequate amounts of ______ in his diet to ensure that his memory is working as well as it can.
vitamin b
Gilbert found that personality trumps experience. People who win a million dollars are overjoyed and:
revert to their previous level of happiness
By age 42 women become ________ aggressive and men become _________ conforming.
more ; more
Alice, 75, is a gifted artist who feels that only her _____ has changed as a result of being older.
sense of urgency
Ageism or prejudice about late adulthood is common among people:
all ages
retirement offers opportunities to
continue education ; maintain home and yard ; get involved in politics
stereotype threat
anxiety that other people are prejudice
preserving the self is crucil to older adults. explains the behaviors of
compulsive hoarding ; encouraging their grandchildren to repeat rituals and prayrs ; resisiting moving to new dwelling
_________ theory is to role relinquishment as ________ theory is to social involvement.
disengagement ; activity
A study of widows and widowers found that:
alost all idealized their marriages