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Egyptian, Greek & Roman Art

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Egyptian Tomb Art
5000 BC to 300 AD this is a painting, a relief sculpture. the purpose is history and religious. the images say to us that these were highly skilled artists with keen powers of observation. .All Egyptian reliefs were painted, and less prestigious works in tombs, temples and palaces were just painted on a flat surface. Stone surfaces were prepared by whitewash, or if rough, a layer of coarse mud plaster, with a smoother gesso layer above.
Archaic Greek Statues
600 BC, mostly completed by marble. It's important because, the life-size nude youth represented either Apollo or an ideal athlete. The figures were stylized and did not represent real people. The figures face towards the front
Black Figured Greek Vases
410 BC, mostly made out of clay. It's important because Greek case painter portrayed stories from their mythology and history.
Bronze Statue Of Marcus Aurelius
161-180 AD, made out of bronze. It's important because, there were many statues of mounted riders in ancient Rome. This is the only one that has survived in good condition.
Bust Of Queen Nefrititi
1360 BC, made and painted in limestone. It's important because, it was a sculpture of the queen.
Egyptian Jewelery
1352 BC, gold with precious stones and glass. It's important because, everybody would wear it everyday
Egyptian Relief Sculpture
1080 BC, made out of stone. It's important because that's all the writing and drawings we could find and they were mostly in temples.
Greek Column Orders
425 BC, made out of stone, and it's important because it helps hold the buildings up without falling.
Kind Lacoon and His Sons
:435 BC, made out of Marble. It's important because sculptors dampened the drapery of their models in order to get ever fold just right to portray the form of the model.
King Tut's Funeral Mask
1352 BC, gold with precious stones and glass, life-size. It's important because it was King Tut's funeral mask.
Pyramids at Giza
2600-2480 b.c this is a sculpture. The purpose is religious, history. The purpose of the pyramids was to house the dead pharaohs. They would bury pharaohs in these giant structures in order to praise them.
Parthenon
448-432 BC this is a sculpture. The purpose was political, religious, aesthetic, storytelling. The Parthenon is a temple that towers above the city of Athens, symbolizing the Athenians' wealth and power. The temple is dedicated to Athena Parthenos, a Greek goddess and the city-symbol of Athens. This temple served as a monument to Athena because they believed that she helped the Greeks conquer the Persian Empire in the Persian Wars.
Kritios Boy
480 BC this is a sculpture. And is religious Human beings were central to the Greeks culture. They gave their gods human form. This would be achieved by a perfect balance of intellectual and physical discipline. The Greeks are the first people to really perfect the human body.
Nike of Samothrace
200BC this is a sculpture and the purpose is to tell a story about an old burdened woman rather than a beautiful sculpture. The sculpture is more realistic than idealistic
Red Figured Greek Vase
Greek, about 5th century BC sculpture telling; allowed for more detail on humans, ornaments
The Colosseum
70-80 AD this is architecture, and the purpose was to host events there. It is considered one of the greatest Roman structures. Romans were the first to make concrete, and that is what it is made of. It is one of the most famous Roman structures, and still visited today. At the Colosseum they held chariot racing, executions, and other public events.
The Pantheon
This is a type of architecture, and was used for religion. This was a temple to honor all the roman gods. The pantheon had different stations for different gods. There was a hole in the roof of the Pantheon which would let light shine on certain parts of the temple at a time.
Statue of Constantine
330 AD. This was statue to honor the late Roman Emperor. The head alone weighs 8 tons. His eyes seemed to be fixed on a position over our heads. The eyes are large which was common in the early Christian period.
Pompeii Fresco from Villa of the Mysteries
17AD This is a painting which tells a story of a woman undergoing the rights of marriage.
Portrait Bust of Roman Art
1st century BC This is a bust and a sculpture. The purpose is political. It is depicting a families standing in roman society. Age and wisdom gained through long hard years were valued by Romans. Facial features said a lot about a roman. This inspires younger generations to strive for achievements of their ancestors.