Health Psychology 178 (Final)
Terms in this set (40)
Quality of Life
Extent to which daily life is affected by disease and treatment.
Stable set of beliefs about one's qualities and attributes; consists of physical self, achieving self, social self, private self.
The perception and evaluation of one's physical functioning
A defense mechanism by which people avoid the implications of an illness. (protective in short-term, costly in long-term)
May interfere with treatment and/or be confused with illness symptoms.
May exacerbate problem/symptoms and increase susceptibility.
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
A common cause of death among infants, in which infant simply stops breathing (e.g smoking during pregnancy, stomach or side sleeping for baby).
The idea that death is permanent, universal, and inevitable.
Death that occurs before the projected ago of 78.
Maintains that dying should become more a matter of personal choice and personal control.
Ending the life of a person who is suffering from a painful terminal illness; "good death".
Prepared by a person with a terminal illness, requesting that extraordinary life-sustaining procedures not be used in the event that the person's ability to make this decision is lost.
Kubler-Ross 5 stage Theory
Maintains that people go through five temporal stages in adjusting to the prospect of death: denial, anger, bargaining, depression, acceptance.
Medical care of the terminally ill.
Care designed to make the patient feel comfortable.
Care designed to cure the patient's disease.
Designed to provide palliative care and emotional support to terminally ill and family; ease pain, control symptoms, provide support and control.
Patient surrounded by family and maintains some degree of control.
A response to bereavement involving a feeling of hollowness and sometimes marked by preoccupation with the dead person, expressions of hostility towards others, and guilt over the death.
Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)
General term referring to illness caused by the narrowing of coronary arteries (atherosclerosis), the arteries that supply the heart with blood.
Having three or more of the following problems: obesity, high BP, low levels of HDL (good cholesterol), risk factors for diabetes, high levels of triglycerides.
Characterized by suspiciousness, resentment, frequent anger, antagonism, and distrust of others.
Biopsychosocial approach to relieving symptoms, reduce severity and progression of disease, and promote psychological and social adjustment; underlying goal is to restore a sense of mastery or self-efficacy.
Also known as high blood pressure or cardiovascular disease, occurs when the supply of blood through the vessels is excessive; the "hidden disease".
"The man who beat the machine"; stubborness, unwillingness to give up; a personality predisposition to cope actively with psychological stressors; may become lethal when those active coping efforts are unsuccessful.
Disturbance of blood flow to the brain, whether blocked or hemorrhaged.
Transient Ischemic Attacks
Little strokes that produce temporary weakness, clumsiness, or loss of feeling in one side or limb; a temporary dimness or loss of vision; or a temporary loss of speech or difficulty understanding speech.
When patients who suffered damage on right-brain are indifferent to their situation.
Type II Diabetes
Insulin production and responsiveness imbalance; insulin resistance.
Primary Purpose of Immune System
Distinguish between what is "local" and what is "foreign"; attack the "foreigner".
Retrovirus that attacks the immune system, making it susceptible to opportunistic infections, leading to an AIDS diagnosis.
Set of over 100 diseases, resulting from dysfunction in DNA causing abnormal cell growth that may spread to other parts of the body.
Refers to over 100 diseases of joint inflammation; rarely fatal but the second most widespread chronic disease in U.S.
Autoimmune response attacking membranes around joints, resulting in inflammation, stiffness, and limiting pain.
Wearing away of cartilage in weight-bearing joints (hips, knees, spine).
Type I Diabetes
Acute onset of symptoms following lack of insulin production by the pancreas; immune system incorrectly targets cells in pancreas as "foreign".
Comprehensive Intervention Models
Geared towards specific diseases or disorders to make all available technology and expertise available to a patient; can also gear people towards risk factors (e.g. fruit snacks, smoking).
Stroke on right side
Emotional suppression; indifferent to their situation.
Stroke on left side
Anxiety or depression
Illnesses that are long-lasting and typically irreversible.