US History Vocabulary--New Republic (Unit 4)
8th Grade US History Vocabulary--New Republic (Unit 4)
Terms in this set (33)
allowed the president to imprison aliens (people who were not Americans), or send those he considered dangerous out of the country.
Bank of the United States
bank created by Congress and owned by the federal government and private investors for the collection of taxes and other federal monies
Battle of New Orleans
Andrew Jackson becomes a national hero with his military victory; final battle of War of 1812
a group of advisers to the president
obligation to take an active role in improving the community and the experiences of other members of the community.
Strong state governments, emphasis on agriculture, strict interpretation of the Constitution, French alliance, state banks, free trade
Embargo Act (1807)
law aimed at Great Britain that prohibited exports to and imports from all foreign countries. It ended up hurting American commerce and and was repealed (removed from law) in 1809.
a tax on the production or sale of a product
Washington warned against entering into alliances [agreements to work together] (groups) with other countries.
Believe in a strong federal (central) government; emphasis on manufacturing, loose interpretation of the Constitution, protective tariffs, National Bank, British alliance, and rule by the wealthy.
Francis Scott Key writes the Star Spangled Banner during the War of 1812
individuals who led America in the early stages of her history, which would include the Revolutionary War and continued on with the formation of a government for the new nation once the Revolutionary War was over.
Free Enterprise System
Individual people and not the government control the economy; people decide what to make, sell and buy.
forcing people into service as in naval (military) service
the right of the Supreme Court to determine if a law violates (goes against) the Constitution
Judiciary Act (1789)
established a federal court system with 13 district courts and three circuit courts to serve the nation. Federal courts had the power to reverse state court decisions and the Supreme Court was the highest court in the land.
policy that government should interfere as little as possible in the nation's economy
Lewis and Clark Expedition
expedition sent out by Jefferson to explore the lands west of the Mississippi River
Land purchased during President Jefferson's term of office from France for $15 Million. The land was from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains and was explored by Lewis and Clark.
Marbury vs. Madison
established judicial review which allows federal courts to strike down laws that violate the United States Constitution
Monroe Doctrine (1823)
US would not allow more European colonization in the Americas and would consider any European interference in the Western Hemisphere as an act against the US
the amount a nation's government owes
loyalty to a nation and promotion of its interests above all others
position of not taking sides in a conflict
an act or decision that sets an example for others to follow. Washington set 2 precedents: 2 terms as President and giving a Farewell Address
a government that elects its leaders
made it a crime to speak, write, or publish "false, scandalous, and malicious" criticisms of the government
a tax on imports or exports
actions or laws contrary to the Constitution as determined by the courts.
War of 1812 (1812-1814)
war that began in part over the British impressment of American sailors. Another cause was US desire to annex Canada and Florida. US won, but no territory changed hands
a rebellion in western Pennsylvania over a tax placed on whiskey. Washington viewed the rebellion as a threat to the authority of the national government and successfully led troops to crush the rebellion. Whiskey Rebellion was a serious challenge to the new nation's ability to enforce its law
France's anger over Jay's Treaty led to an undeclared naval war between France and the United States. Adams tried to avoid war with France by negotiating with them. French government asked for bribes and a loan from the United States before negotiations could begin, but the Americans refused to pay.