8th Grade US History, Government
Terms in this set (31)
President's right to cancel a law
vote to bring charges of serious crimes against a president
idea that the greatest number of people in society can make policies for everyone
the fair application of the law
duties of citizenship
following the laws, paying taxes, military service upon drafting
advisers to the president
a group of people selected from each state to cast votes in presidential elections
the vice president and heads of 15 departments
federalist, 4th president, delegate to the Constitutional Convention, wrote the Federalist Papers
People who opposed the Constitution. Believed the constitution needed a section guaranteeing individual rights. (George Mason)
Political party in the 1790s, influenced by Alexander Hamilton, wanted a strong federal government
The federal government can only do what the Constitution specifically says it can do.
The federal government can take reasonable actions that the Constitution does not specifically forbid.
Stated that the US would not take sides with any European countries that were at war. (April 22, 1793)
Settled the border and trade disputes with Spain in October 1795.
Farmers lashed out against tax on whiskey (1794).
Washington's farewell warnings
warned dangers of foreign ties could cause wars and political party conflicts could cause problems in the US
document signed by King John in 1215, made the king subject to law
English bill of rights
passed in 1689, declare the supremacy of Parliament. It kept king/queen from passing new taxes or changing laws without Parliament's consent.
Land Ordinance of 1785
set up a system of surveying and dividing western land
uprising of farmers to protest high taxes and heavy debt (September 1786)
taxes on imports or exports
The agreement to create a two-house legislature. It settled the dispute of how states should be represented.
3/5th of a state's slave population would count when determining representation.
Bill of Rights
10 of the proposed amendments to protect citizens' rights. (December 1791)
Made up of Congress. Responsible for proposing and passing laws.
Made up of the president and departments that help run the government. Responsible sure the laws are carried out.
Made up of of national courts. Responsible for interpreting laws, punishing criminals, and settling disputes between states.
checks and balances
Created by the framers of the Constitution to keep any branch of government from becoming too powerful.
Essays supporting the Constitution written anonymously under the name Publius (actually Hamilton, Madison, and Jay). Written to reassure Americans the new federal government would not overpower the states.