5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- David G. Farragut
- Robert E. Lee
- Harriet Beecher Stowe
- Confiscation Acts
- a A Confederate general, commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, the most successful of the Southern armies during the Civil War. In February 1865 he was given command of all the Southern armies. His surrender at Appomattox Courthouse April 9, 1865, signifies the end of the Civil War.
- b David G. Farragut is one of the few genuine naval heroes to come out of the Civil War. He is probably best remembered for a statement he made during the Battle of Mobile Bay: "Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead!" In January 1862 he was confident New Orleans could be captured, and he succeeded. He also played an important role at Vicksburg and most famously at the Battle of Mobile Bay.
- c American writer and philanthropist, the author of the novel Uncle Tom's Cabin, which contributed so much to popular feeling against slavery that it is cited among the causes of the American Civil War.
- d The Confiscation Acts (1862-1864) were a series of laws passed by the federal government during the American Civil War that were designed to liberate slaves in the seceded states.
On March 12, 1863, and July 2, 1864, the federal government passed additional measures ("Captured and Abandoned Property Acts") that defined property subject to seizure as that owned by absent individuals who supported the South.
- e This was a term for Northern opponents of the American Civil War.
5 Multiple choice questions
- The opinion delivered on March 6, 1857, in Dred Scott v. Sanford is well known. In essence, the decision argued that Scott was a slave and as such was not a citizen and could not sue in a federal court. The Dred Scott decision probably created more disagreement than any other legal opinion in U.S. history; it became a violently divisive issue in national politics and dangerously undermined the prestige of the Supreme Court.
- Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson was a Confederate general during the American Civil War, and one of the best-known. Confederate pickets accidentally shot him at the Battle of Chancellorsville on May 2, 1863. His death was a severe setback for the Confederacy, affecting military prospects, the morale of its army and of the general public.
- A series of seven debates between Democratic senator Stephen A. Douglas and Republican challenger Abraham Lincoln during the 1858 Illinois senatorial campaign, largely concerning the issue of slavery extension into the territories.
- Union army officer who commanded a prominent regiment of African American troops during the American Civil War. His regiment's shining hour came on the evening of July 18, when it heroically assaulted Fort Wagner, an earthwork that defended Charleston. Nearly half of the regiment's troops were casualties—including Shaw, who was killed—but the attack had proved to the world the mettle of black soldiers.
- Union general and excellent strategist early in the American Civil War (1861-65); after his defeat in the Battle of Chickamauga (September 1863), he was relieved of his command. Later he represented California in the U.S. House of Representatives (1881-85) and served as register of the U.S. Treasury (1885-93).
5 True/False questions
Second confiscation act → The second Confiscation Act, passed July 17, 1862, was virtually an emancipation proclamation. It said that slaves of civilian and military Confederate officials "shall be forever free," but it was enforceable only in areas of the South occupied by the Union Army.
David Wilmot → He introduced into Congress his famous Wilmot Proviso, calling for the prohibition of slavery in the vast southwestern lands that had been newly acquired from Mexico. The Wilmot concept, which failed in Congress, was a direct ideological antecedent to the Free-Soil Party.
Ambrose Burnside → An American army officer who played a critical role in the Civil War by defeating the Confederate Army at Gettysburg, Pa.
Don Carlos Buell → Don Carlos Buell was a United States Army officer. Buell led Union armies in two great Civil War battles—Shiloh and Perryville. The nation was angry at his failure to defeat the outnumbered Confederates after Perryville, or to secure East Tennessee. Buell was relieved of field command in late 1862.
Joseph Johnston → Joseph Johnston was a career U.S. Army officer, serving with distinction in the Mexican-American War and Seminole Wars, and was also one of the most senior general officers in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. After, he served a term in Congress and was commissioner of railroads under Grover Cleveland.