5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Dred Scott case
- Robert Gould Shaw
- Mexican War
- Martin Van Buren
- James Longstreet
- a A Confederate officer during the Civil War; He fought in the first and second battles of Bull Run, was a commander in the Peninsular Campaign ; and at Antietam and Fredericksburg commanded the I Corps in the Army of Northern Virginia. Promoted to lieutenant general, Longstreet participated in the Battle of Gettysburg as Lee's second in command. His delay in attacking and his slowness in organizing "Pickett's Charge," his critics argue, were responsible for the Confederate defeat at Gettysburg.
- b 8th president of the United States (1837-41) and one of the founders of the Democratic Party. He was known as the "Little Magician" to his friends (and the "Sly Fox" to his enemies) in recognition of his reputed cunning and skill as a politician.
- c A war between the United States and Mexico (April 1846-February 1848) stemming from the United States' annexation of Texas in 1845. The war—in which U.S. forces were consistently victorious—resulted in the United States' acquisition of more than 500,000 square miles of Mexican territory extending westward from the Rio Grande to the Pacific Ocean.
- d The opinion delivered on March 6, 1857, in Dred Scott v. Sanford is well known. In essence, the decision argued that Scott was a slave and as such was not a citizen and could not sue in a federal court. The Dred Scott decision probably created more disagreement than any other legal opinion in U.S. history; it became a violently divisive issue in national politics and dangerously undermined the prestige of the Supreme Court.
- e Union army officer who commanded a prominent regiment of African American troops during the American Civil War. His regiment's shining hour came on the evening of July 18, when it heroically assaulted Fort Wagner, an earthwork that defended Charleston. Nearly half of the regiment's troops were casualties—including Shaw, who was killed—but the attack had proved to the world the mettle of black soldiers.
5 Multiple choice questions
- American orator and politician who practiced prominently as a lawyer before the U.S. Supreme Court and served as a U.S. congressman, a U.S. senator, and U.S. secretary of state. He is best known as an enthusiastic nationalist and as an advocate of business interests during the period of the Jacksonian agrarianism.
- It increased the income tax rates established by the Internal Revenue Act of 1862. In addition to this, the act established stamp taxes on such items as matches and photographs. This act was allowed to expire as the populace mainly viewed it as an emergency measure for war-time situations. The Act ultimately expired in 1873 in the face of increased deficit spending.
- American mapmaker and explorer of the Far West, an important figure in the U.S. conquest and development of California. He ran unsuccessfully as the first Republican presidential candidate in 1856.
- This was a slogan used by Polk in his election campaign. It demonstrated the dispute over the Oregon Territory. Part of what they wanted was owned by the British, as they had joint occupation of it. Eventually, they outnumbered the British and won the territory.
- This concept established the United States of America as a national entity. Under American constitutional law, this concept means that states are not permitted to withdraw from the Union.
5 True/False questions
David G. Farragut → He introduced into Congress his famous Wilmot Proviso, calling for the prohibition of slavery in the vast southwestern lands that had been newly acquired from Mexico. The Wilmot concept, which failed in Congress, was a direct ideological antecedent to the Free-Soil Party.
Joseph Johnston → Joseph Johnston was a career U.S. Army officer, serving with distinction in the Mexican-American War and Seminole Wars, and was also one of the most senior general officers in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. After, he served a term in Congress and was commissioner of railroads under Grover Cleveland.
13th, 14th , 15th Amendments → 13th Amendment- Abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime
14th Amendment- Defines citizenship, contains the Privileges or Immunities Clause, the Due Process Clause, the Equal Protection Clause, and deals with post-Civil War issues
15th Amendment- Prohibits the denial of suffrage based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude
William Tecumseh Sherman → Union general and excellent strategist early in the American Civil War (1861-65); after his defeat in the Battle of Chickamauga (September 1863), he was relieved of his command. Later he represented California in the U.S. House of Representatives (1881-85) and served as register of the U.S. Treasury (1885-93).
Bleeding Kansas → U.S. Army officer and public official who was active in Democratic politics in the mid-19th century. He was defeated for the presidency in 1848.