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40 terms

Greek and Roman Myth 2

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Deianira
Spouse/Consort: Hercules

Kidnapped by the centaur Nesseus. After Hercules killed the centaur, she used his blood for a love potion, but it was poison and killed him.
Actaeon
He saw Artemis naked, and was turned into a stag to be devoured by her hounds.
Dryads
The nymphs of trees; each one's life was bound up with that of her tree
Eris
The goddess of strife and discord who was not invited to the wedding of Peleus and Thetis; angered, she threw the golden ball intended for the fairest woman into the midst of the party goers; this was the cause of the conflict between Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite (which was ultimately ruled on by Paris)
Europa
A Princess whom Zeus abducted and raped, when he was in the form of a bull
Eurydice
Spouse/Consort: Orpheus

wife of orpheus, who died by snake bite. Remained dead after a failed rescue by her husband
Orpheus
Spouse/Consort: Eurydice

A musician who almost rescued his dead wife from the underworld by singing a song that made Hades cry, but looked back at her before they left the underworld, so she was lost to him forever
Galatea
A maiden who was first a sculpture created by Pygmalion and was brought to life by Aphrodite in answer to Pygmalion's prayers
Giants
Parents: Gaia, Uranus

Large beings defeated in the war against the Gods, along with the Titans
Harpies
frightful flying creatures with hooked beaks and claws that left behind an awful stench; also called the hounds of Zeus; steal food
Helios
Sun-god; god of herds and flocks; keeps his sacred cattle on an island given to him by Zeus; Odysseus' men ate his cattle, and no one except Odysseus made it out alive
Laocoon
Parents: Priam

Trojan, priest of Apollo, who opposed the admittance of the Trojan horse into the city and was strangled by sea serpents.
Medusa
A woman transformed into a Gorgon by Athena. Killed by Perseus, who took her head and gave it to Athena.
Furies
three terrible spirits who punish those whose crimes have not been avenged
Niobe
Antagonized Leto; Artemis and Apollo killed her children
Minotaur
(Greek mythology) a mythical monster with the head of a bull and the body of a man; trapped in the labyrinth of Deucalion.
Fates
three goddesses that controlled the destiny of mortals their life and death.
Alcestis
Admetus' wife who offered to die for him and who was then rescued from death by Hercules.
Pan
(Greek mythology) god of fields and woods and shepherds and flocks
Telemachus
Son of Odysseus and Penelope
Odysseus
(main character) Son of Laertes and Anticleia, husband of Penelope and father of Telemachus. A cunning, shrewd and eloquent hero. Came up with the idea of the Trojan horse which led the Greeks to victory against Troy. "Man of many wiles".
Laertes
Odysseus's aging father, who resides on a farm in Ithaca. In despair and physical decline, Laertes regains his spirit when Odysseus returns and eventually kills Antinous's father.
Penelope
(Greek mythology) the wife of Odysseus and a symbol of devotion and fidelity
Ajax
Achean, son of Telamon, defeated by Odysseus in the contest for Achilles' armor, slaughtered sheep and committed suicide.
Priam
(Greek mythology) the last king of Troy
Father of Hector, Paris, Cassandra
Hecuba
Wife of Priam; queen of Troy; mother of Hector, Paris, Deiphobus, and Cassandra
Nausicaa
Princess , The beautiful daughter of King Alcinous and Queen Arete of the Phaeacians. Nausicaa discovers Odysseus on the beach at Scheria and, out of budding affection for him, ensures his warm reception at her parents' palace.
Cyclopes
One-eyed monsters that helped the Olympians defeat the Titans; they gave Jupiter his thunderbolt.
Polyphemus
a Cyclops who is the son of Poseidon. At one point he imprisons Odysseus
Paris
Son of the king of Troy (Priam), would lead to the death of the Trojans, prince of Troy, abducts Helen from Sparta, and is the cause of the war
Pegasus
(Greek mythology) immortal winged horse that sprang from the blood of the slain Medusa

was tamed by Bellerophon with the help of a bridle given him by Athena; as the flying horse of the Muses it is a symbol of high-flying imagination
Sirens
The creatures that attempted to lure Odysseus into the rocks with their song
Sisyphus
(Greek legend) a king in ancient Greece who offended Zeus and whose punishment was to roll a huge boulder to the top of a steep hillhttp://quizlet.com/create_set/
Styx
(Greek mythology) a river in Hades across which Charon carried dead souls
Tantalus
(Greek mythology) a wicked king and son of Zeus
condemned in Hades to stand in water that receded when he tried to drink and beneath fruit that receded when he reached for it
Theseus
(Greek mythology) a hero and king of Athens who was noted for his many great deeds: killed Procrustes and the Minotaur and defeated the Amazons and united Attica
Turnus
suitor of Lavinia, major opponent of Aeneas who ultimately takes his life in battle
Romulus
(Roman mythology) founder of Rome
suckled with his twin brother Remus by a wolf after their parents (Mars and Rhea Silvia) abandoned them; Romulus killed Remus in an argument over the building of Rome
Remus
(Roman mythology) the twin brother of Romulus
Antinous
Antigone's most arrogant suitor