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25 terms

Poetry Vocabulary

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poetry
rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech.
rhyme
the repetition of the sound of a stressed syllable and any unstressed syllables that follow.
rhyme scheme
pattern of rhymes that assigns a new letter of the alphabet to each new rhyme. Ex: ABBA
end rhyme
rhymes which occur at the end of the lines.
internal rhyme
rhymes which occur within the lines
rhythm
the musical quality produced by the repetition of sound patterns.
free verse
poetry that does not have a regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.
meter
a regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.
stanza
a group of lines of poetry
refrain
line or group of lines repeated at regular intervals
alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds in words that are close together. Ex: She sells seashells by the seashore.
personification
giving human qualities to non-human objects. Ex: The heavens howled.
onomatopoeia
using words that echo the sounds they refer to. Ex: crash, bang, boom
simile
comparison of two unlike things using like, as, than, or resembles. EX: She runs as fast as a cheetah.
metaphor
comparison between two unlike things without using like or as. EX: Mama is a sunrise.
denotation
a word's literal, dictionary definition
connotation
feeling or idea associated with the word
hyperbole
intentionally exaggerated figure of speech
haiku
a 17-syllable, delicate, unrhymed Japanese verse, usually about nature
limerick
a 5-line, rhymed, rhythmic verse, usually about nature
ballad
a songlike narrative poem, usually featuring rhyme, rhythm, and refrain
couplet
a pair of rhyming lines
quatrain
a stanza containing four lines
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds found anywhere in the word. EX: the Mad Hatter
consonance
repetition of final consonant sounds. Ex: east/west