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3 Written questions

3 Multiple choice questions

  1. Attempts to shift attention away from an important issue by introducing an issue that has no logical connection to the discussion at hand.

    Example: "My opponent talks about the poor quality of military intelligence, but this is a time for decisiveness, not for weakness. We must stick together and present a common front as the other nations look on. If we do not, we could jeopardize our position as a global leader."
  2. Does not allow for discussion because the speaker presumes that his or her beliefs are beyond question; essentially, the "logic" runs thusly: I'm correct because I'm correct.

    Example: We are members of the Wombat Party and, as such, know that we are right when we assert that Wombats are the best
  3. Refers to the (sometimes unintentional) setting up of a cause-and-effect relationship when none exists. In faulty causality, one event can happen after another without the first necessarily being the direct cause of the second.

    Example: Violent crime among adolescents has risen in the past decade, and that is the result of increased sales of violent video games.

    As is the case with all examples of faulty causality, there is no proof for the video game argument, and it is possible to think of a dozen other convincing reasons for the rise of violent crime -- a trend that we just made up.

3 True/False questions

  1. Scare TacticsUsed to frighten readers or listeners into agreeing with the speaker; often, when scare tactics are used, the speaker has no logical argument on which to fall back

    Example: "My opponent talks about the need to explore stem cell research, but this would bring about an end to ethical uses of technology, and, before long, scientists will be creating superraces -- the Nazi dream of an Aryan Nation will ensue!"

          

  2. Sentimental AppealsCommonly used tactic attempts to appeal to the hearts of readers (or, of course, listeners) so that they forget to use their minds.

    Example: "The assignment that I gave you last night was much too long, but just think how pleased your parents and I will be when you score a 5 on the AP exam. Think about the pride you'll feel when tears of joy stream down your faces!"

          

  3. Faulty AnalogyRefers to the (sometimes unintentional) setting up of a cause-and-effect relationship when none exists. In faulty causality, one event can happen after another without the first necessarily being the direct cause of the second.

    Example: Violent crime among adolescents has risen in the past decade, and that is the result of increased sales of violent video games.

    As is the case with all examples of faulty causality, there is no proof for the video game argument, and it is possible to think of a dozen other convincing reasons for the rise of violent crime -- a trend that we just made up.

          

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