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of 9 available terms

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3 Written questions

3 Multiple choice questions

  1. Encourages the listener to agree with a position because everyone else does

    Example: It's time for our county to repeal the ban on strip mining -- every other county in the state has already done so!
  2. Used to frighten readers or listeners into agreeing with the speaker; often, when scare tactics are used, the speaker has no logical argument on which to fall back

    Example: "My opponent talks about the need to explore stem cell research, but this would bring about an end to ethical uses of technology, and, before long, scientists will be creating superraces -- the Nazi dream of an Aryan Nation will ensue!"
  3. Does not allow for discussion because the speaker presumes that his or her beliefs are beyond question; essentially, the "logic" runs thusly: I'm correct because I'm correct.

    Example: We are members of the Wombat Party and, as such, know that we are right when we assert that Wombats are the best

3 True/False questions

  1. Sentimental AppealsEncourages the listener to agree with a position because everyone else does

    Example: It's time for our county to repeal the ban on strip mining -- every other county in the state has already done so!

          

  2. Faulty CasualityRefers to the (sometimes unintentional) setting up of a cause-and-effect relationship when none exists. In faulty causality, one event can happen after another without the first necessarily being the direct cause of the second.

    Example: Violent crime among adolescents has risen in the past decade, and that is the result of increased sales of violent video games.

    As is the case with all examples of faulty causality, there is no proof for the video game argument, and it is possible to think of a dozen other convincing reasons for the rise of violent crime -- a trend that we just made up.

          

  3. Straw Man ArgumentEncourages the listener to agree with a position because everyone else does

    Example: It's time for our county to repeal the ban on strip mining -- every other county in the state has already done so!