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41 terms

Chapter 3 AP Psych test

STUDY
PLAY
behavior genetics
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behavior and personality traits
gene
a segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a specific protein
chromosomes
threadlike structures that contain genes
genetic predispositions
studies of identical twins who had been reared apart most clearly highlight the important of ___________ in personality development
political attitudes
adoptive parents are most likely to influence the ____________ of their adopted children
emotional excitability
an infant's temperament refers most directly to its....
twin studies
in order to estimate trait heritability, researchers are most likely to make use of what?
monozygotic twins
which type of siblings share 100% of genes?
dizygotic twins
they are formed when 2 different eggs are fertilized by different sperm cells
natural selection
evolutionary psychology studies the evolution of behavior and the mind using principles of....
mutation
a random error in gene replication is know as...
reproductive success
evolutionary psychologists emphasize that environmentally adaptive behaviors are those that have promoted what?
evolutionary
professor patterson suggests that men are more likely than women to initiate casual sex because this has historically served to be a more successful reproductive strategy for men than women. the professor's suggestion best illustrates a _______ theory
providing hindsight explanations for human behaviors
what is one the evolutionary psychologists may be criticized for?
placenta
identical twins are most likely to share a similar prenatal environment if they share the same...
neural connections
a stimulating environment is most likely to facilitate the development of a child's...
parental
parents should not take too much blame for the failures and shortcomings of their children because ________ behavior is only one of many factors that influence children's behavior
a selection effect
kids choose peers who share their own attitudes and interests as their friends. this best illustrates...
culture
the enduring traditions, ideas, attitudes, and behaviors shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next define their...
norms
the practice of covering your mouth when you cough illustrates what?
personal space
even though many chairs in the library study area are unoccupied, wang chooses to sit right next to chung. chung is likely to feel uncomfortable because wang has violated his...
love
in comparison to 40 years ago, American women today are more likely to marry for...
individualism
a willingness to switch jobs and move from one part of the country to another best illustrates one of the consequences of...
social
a collectivist culture is especially likely to emphasize the importance of what kind of harmony?
family
people living in a culture that promotes collectivism are more likely than those in individualist culture to report experiencing what kind of loyalty?
individualism
innovation and creativity are most likely to be appreciated in a culture characterized by....
nonconformity
parents in westernized cultures are more likely than parents in Asian cultures to encourage children to value...
tend and befriend
what are women likely to do?
testosterone
female children are most likely to act like tomboys if they were exposed to excess ________ during their parental development
Y
the fertilized egg with develop into a boy if the sperm contributes a __ chromosome at conception
gender role
a set of expected behaviors for males and females
gender identity
sense of being male or female
biopsychosocial approach
professor king emphasizes that gender similarities and differences are products of a continuous interplay among genetically predisposed traits, culturally shaped roles, and personally constructed expectations and assumptions. the professor's emphasis best illustrates....
schemas
concepts of masculinity and femininity that influence our perceptions are called gender....
individualism
the importance of romance in marriage relationships is more strongly emphasized in cultures characterized by...
individualism vs. collectivism
"me" vs. "we"; divorce vs. no divorce; personal achievement vs. community success; temporary relationships vs. long term relationships; personal happiness vs. community happiness
men vs. women
come up with an answer vs. admitting their wrong and asking for help; side by side vs. face to face; assertive younger vs. assertive older
identical vs. fraternal
one egg vs. split egg; same genes vs. different genes
identical twins
used in child rearing research
men vs. women
pairing widely vs. wisely; aggressive vs. not; more masturbating vs. not as much; no celebacy vs. vow of celebacy
women
who's sexuality is plastic?