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25 terms

chapter 3 quizzes

STUDY
PLAY
evolutionary genetics
the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behavior and personality traits
gene
a segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a specific protein
chromosomes
the threadlike structures that contain genes
Compared to identical twins, fraternal twins are______.
less likely to be the same sex and less likely to be similar in extraversion.
genetic predispositions
studies of identical twins who had been reared apart most clearly highlight the importance of _____ in personality development.
political views
Adoptive parents are most likely to influence the _____ of their adoptive children.
emotional excitability
An infant's temperament refers most directly to its______.
twin studies
In order to estimate trait heritability, researchers are most likely to make use of _______.
self-regulating
An African butterfly that is green in the summer turns brown in the fall thanks to a temperature controlled genetic switch. This best illustrates that genes are _______.
interaction
the unique temperaments of children evoke predictable responses from their caregivers. This best illustrates the _____ of nature and nurture.
natural selection
The reproductive advantage enjoyed by organisms best suited to a specific ecological niche is known as:
greater reproductive potential
evolutionary psychologists would be most likely to attribute gender differences in attitudes toward casual sex to the fact that men have _____ than do women.
younger
Evolutionary psychologists would be most likely to predict that men will marry women who are ___ than they are.
neural connections
A stimulating environment is most likely to facilitate the development of a child's:
a selection effect
Kids choose peers who share their own attitudes and interests as their friends. This illustrates:
culture
the enduring traditions, ideas, attitudes, and behaviors shard by a large group of people and transmitted form 1 generation to the next define their:
norms
The practice of covering your mouth when you cough best illustrates the impact of:
individualism
A willingness to switch jobs and move from one part of the country to another best illustrates one of the consequences of:
family loyalty
People living in a culture that promotes collectivism are more likely than those in individualists culture to report experiencing:
collectivism
one would not observe unusually high rates of divorce in cultures that promote:
testosterone
the prenatal development of the external male sex organs is stimulated by:
Gender roles refers to:
a set of expected behaviors for males and females
Gender identity refers to:
the sense of being male or female
gender-typing
Children's tendency to classify toys and songs as either masculine or feminine is most likely to facilitate the process of:
biopsychosocial approach
An integrated understanding of gender differences in behavior in terms of gender roles, sex hormones, and individual expectations regarding gender appropriate behavior is most clearly provided by: