a) Routine Maintenance, this is periodic maintenance as required on an individual item to achieve the service level required, includes;
• Maintenance of the pavement - this includes surface repairs (cracking sealing, burning), and pavement repairs (pothole patching),
• Maintenance of the shoulders - edge break (seal patching), edge rutting (overlays) poor shape (shape correction), surfacings (sweeping, mowing).
• Maintenance of drainage - clearing water channels and outlets, controlling invert level (ensure below subgrade level and flows).
• Maintenance of the verges - vegetation control, mowing, litter control.
• Maintenance of the traffic facilities - road marking, signs, sight rails etc.
b) Bridge Repairs (Routine),
• Maintenance of approaches - including ensuring good visibility (vegetation control) site railings, surfacing (skid resistance).
• Maintenance of traffic facilities - including repair of guardrails, bridge marker posts, road markings
• Maintenance of bridge decks - ensure debris cleared, free of obstructions, good surface.
c) Long Term Maintenance - This is treatments that upgrade a pavement and reduce the day to day maintenance needs. Is normally at a project level and is considered as a renewal (upgrades the existing pavement and extends the life) e.g. reconstruction, shape correction, rehabilitation, major drainage and bridge work. - may be due to poor routine maintenance practice.