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26 terms

The rise and spread of Islam

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Monotheism
belief that there is only one God
Qu'ran
sacred book believed by Muslims to be the written record of God's word
Caliph
successor to Muhammad as a political leader of the Muslim community
Muslim
name usually given to believers in Islam
Pilgrimage
journey to a sacred place or a shrine
Muhammad
prophet of Islam
Mosque
Muslim house of worship
Sunna
book of guiding rules of Islam that are based on Muhammad's life
Baghdad
where an early Abbasid Caliph moved the capital of the eastern empire
Umayyads
forces that gained control of most of Spain while the Abbadis ruled in the east
Oasis
small area in a desert that is watered by springs or wells
Nomads
members of a group that moves from place to place in search of food, water, and grazing lands for their herds
Five pillars of Faith
*Profession of Faith
*Prayer
*Alms giving
*Fasting
*Hajj
Profession of Faith
all Muslims must state that Allan is god
Prayer
Muslims must pray five times a day
Alms giving
Muslims must contribute to public charities
Fasting
no eating from sun up to sun down during the month of Ramadan
Hajj
All Muslims who can afford it should make a pilgrimage to Mecca once in their life
Crusader State
territory controlled by Christians in the Holy Land during the Holy War
Sunni
largest branch of Islam, successors to Muhammad are to be chosen by the Muslim community.
Shia
Muslims that believe only the descendants of Ali should rule the Muslim Empir
Ottoman Turks
conquered the Byzantine Empire in 1453
Sheikh
leader of an Arab tribe
Crusades effects on Europe
weakened feudalism
Jew persecuted
trade grew/more goods available
military technology increase
Crusade effects on Muslim World
united against common enemy (Christians)
maintained control of Jerusalem
property destroyed
bitter feelings
Muslim social groups
organized by wealth and power