19 terms

The rise and spread of Islam

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Monotheism
belief that there is only one God
Qu'ran
sacred book believed by Muslims to be the written record of God's word
Caliph
successor to Muhammad as a political leader of the Muslim community
Muslim
person who believes in Islam, follower of Muhammad
Pilgrimage
journey to a sacred place or a shrine
Muhammad
prophet of Islam
Mosque
Muslim house of worship
Sunna
book of guiding rules of Islam that are based on Muhammad's life
Oasis
small area in a desert that is watered by springs or wells
Nomads
members of a group that moves from place to place in search of food, water, and grazing lands for their herds
Five pillars of Faith
*Profession of Faith
*Prayer
*Alms giving
*Fasting
*Hajj
Crusader State
territory controlled by Christians in the Holy Land during the Holy War
Sunni
largest branch of Islam, successors to Muhammad are to be chosen by the Muslim community.
Shia
Muslims that believe only the descendants of Ali should rule the Muslim Empir
Sheikh
leader of an Arab tribe
Crusades effects on Europe
weakened feudalism
Jew persecuted
trade grew/more goods available
military technology increase
Crusade effects on Muslim World
united against common enemy (Christians)
maintained control of Jerusalem
property destroyed
bitter feelings
Muslim social groups
organized by wealth and power
Bazaar
outdoor marketplace

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