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belief that there is only one God


sacred book believed by Muslims to be the written record of God's word


successor to Muhammad as a political leader of the Muslim community


name usually given to believers in Islam


journey to a sacred place or a shrine


prophet of Islam


Muslim house of worship


book of guiding rules of Islam that are based on Muhammad's life


where an early Abbasid Caliph moved the capital of the eastern empire


forces that gained control of most of Spain while the Abbadis ruled in the east


small area in a desert that is watered by springs or wells


members of a group that moves from place to place in search of food, water, and grazing lands for their herds

Five pillars of Faith

*Profession of Faith
*Alms giving

Profession of Faith

all Muslims must state that Allan is god


Muslims must pray five times a day

Alms giving

Muslims must contribute to public charities


no eating from sun up to sun down during the month of Ramadan


All Muslims who can afford it should make a pilgrimage to Mecca once in their life

Crusader State

territory controlled by Christians in the Holy Land during the Holy War


largest branch of Islam, successors to Muhammad are to be chosen by the Muslim community.


Muslims that believe only the descendants of Ali should rule the Muslim Empir

Ottoman Turks

conquered the Byzantine Empire in 1453


leader of an Arab tribe

Crusades effects on Europe

weakened feudalism
Jew persecuted
trade grew/more goods available
military technology increase

Crusade effects on Muslim World

united against common enemy (Christians)
maintained control of Jerusalem
property destroyed
bitter feelings

Muslim social groups

organized by wealth and power

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