18 terms

Environment Vocabulary

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Environment
The air, water and land in or on which people, animals and plants live.
Climate
The weather conditions generally present in an area or over a long period.
Climate Change
The change in global climate patterns which appeared from the mid to late 20th century onwards, caused mainly by the increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
The gas formed when carbon is burned, or when people or animals breathe out.
Fossil Fuels
A natural fuel such as coal, gas, or oil formed in the geological past from the remains of living organisms.
Global Warming
A gradual rise in the world's temperatures caused by polluting gases such as carbon dioxide which are collecting in the air around the Earth and preventing heat escaping into space
Deforestation
Cutting down and clearing areas of forest.
Habitat
The natural environment in which an animal or plant usually lives.
Ecosystem
All the living things in an area and the way they affect each other and the environment.
Biodiversity
The variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a particular habitat, a high level of which is usually considered to be important and desirable.
Contamination
To make something less pure by exposing it to poisonous or polluting substances.
Toxic /Toxin
Poisonous / A poisonous substance
Waste
A material or substance which is eliminated or discarded as no longer useful or required after the completion of a process.
Emission
The production and discharge of something.
Erosion
To gradually reduce or destroy.
Drought
A prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall, leading to a shortage of water.
Pollution
Damage caused to water, air, land etc. by harmful substances or waste.
Sustainable
Causing little or no damage to the environment and therefore able to continue for a long time.
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