147 terms

Music 7,

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

this symbol is used on stave for instruments that play lower pitches
this symbol of the clef is used by instruments that have a naturally high pitch
how many clefs are used today, not counting the neutral
3
using a mute
this is a way a composer may control timbre
IVI
this is a very basic but fundamental type of chord progression
7
how many octaves can you find on a modern piano
A b
G#
C
B #
G clef
F clef
in an upright piano the strings are
in an upright piano the strings are vertical
in a grande piano the strings
are horizontal
15
how many major scales are there
7th chord
a chord consisting of a root, a 3rd, a 5th, and a 7th
accidental
A symbol that raises or lowers a pitch by a half or whole step.
adagio
slow
(music) a composition played in adagio tempo (slowly and gracefully)
allegro
Fast tempo
alto clef
A C-clef positioned on a staff so that the middle line indicates middle C (C4); typically read by violas.
andante
A moderate walking tempo
bar line
The vertical line placed on the staff to divide the music into measures
bass
(TIMBRE) Bass is the lowest range of pitch for a man's voice or instrument.
bass voice
bass clef
Bass Clef
(Also called the "F" clef); the sign on the staff that indicates pitches. Where the 4th line (up) represents the F below Middle C.
bass clarinet
treble clef
beats/pulse
units of equal length used to keep track of the rhythm
Brace
In notation, a heavy curved line used to connect staves of the grand staff
Brace connects two or more staffs, the notes in the one staff must be played with the other staff
l bridge
this section only appears once during a song and is often very different from the chorus or verse
celeste
a keyboard percussion instrument consisting of a set of steel plates of graduated length that are struck with key-operated hammers. The tone is an ethereal tinkling sound. Range: four octaves upwards from middle C
chord
a set of 3 or more notes from a specific key that are played together
chord progression
A succession of chords moving forward in a purposeful fashion
chorus
this section has the same melody and lyrics each time it is played
Coda
An added ending
1. A concluding passage of a musical composition this is a little ending or "tail" that is separate from the main piece of music, it often comes after a D.C. or D. S.
Coda Section
this is a small separate section used to end a piece after a large repeat
classical music
traditional genre of music conforming to an established form and appealing to critical interest and developed musical taste
Clefs
these symbols are placed at the beginning of the staff; they indicate the names of the lines and spaces of the staff
complex meter
a time signature that cannot be subdivided into groupings of two or three evenly as a meter that does not fit into the usual duple, triple, or quadruple categories, including most odd numbers and unusual beats per measure.
compound meter
Meter in which each beat is subdivided into three rather than two.
conclusion
this is a section in a musician may use to end a song
consonance (harmony)
The chord is in tune with the melody
crescendo
get gradually louder
D.C.
this marking tells the musician to go back to the beginning of the song
D.S
(Del segno) this marking tells the musician to go back to Del segno
decrescendo
get gradually softer
dissonance (harmony)
The chord clashes with the melody
dominant
this is the same name for the 5th note of a major scale, it is also the name of a chord based on the same note in a chord progression
Dotted Half Note
a white note with stem and a dot beside; held for 3 beats
dotted notes
the dot adds half of the original note value to that note
Double Bar Line
indicates the end of a piece of music
duration
how long a sound or silence lasts
dynamic markings
are found below the staff
enharmonic
a pitch/sound that can be identified by two different names
final bar line
indicates the end of a piece of music
fine
this is another word for the end of a piece
Flat Sign
Lowers a note one half step. Play the next key to the left.
Form
how a musical work is organized
Forte
Loud
forte-piano
loud and then soft
Fortissimo
Very loud
grand staff
Treble and Bass clef read together
Half Note
2 Counts
Half Rest
2 beats of silence
half step
smallest interval
harmony
two or more pitches sounding together
harpsichord
Early Baroque keyboard instrument in which the strings are plucked by quills instead of being struck with hammers like the piano.
I-V-I Chord Progressions
...
Identifying where notes on a staff are found on the keyboard
...
Introduction (song form)
...
key
...
key signature
A pattern of sharps or flats that appears at the beginning of a staff and indicates that certain notes are to consistently raised or lowered.
Keyboard instruments
Celeste
o Harpsichord
o Pipe Organ
o Synthesizer
o Piano
largo
very slow
ledger lines
lines written above or below the staff representing a continuation of the staff, used to indicate pitches above or below the staff
Major 7th Chords
A chord with the notes F, A, C and E
Major Triads
A chord with the notes F, A, & C this is a chord that contains the 1st, 3rd, and 5th note of a major scale
Measure
One unit of music, divided by a bar line
melody
a series of single pitches of a particular duration
Melodic Staff
this system of 5 lines and 4 spaces allows composer to notate pitch
meter
organization of beats/pulse
mezzo
medium loud/soft
Mezzo Forte
medium loud
Mezzo Piano
medium soft
Middle C
...
moderato
Medium tempo
monophonic
A single melody line/tune played by many people
monophonic instrument
voice, flute, bugle : Unison singing at a religious service
"Happy Birthday" at a birthday party
A lone bugle playing "Taps" (hear taps: Link to Audio File )
The singing of "The Star-Spangled Banner" at a baseball game
A composition for solo flute
music
the word for periods of sound and silence organized to give a desired effect
Natural Sign
cancels out a sharp or a flat
Note Values
this term is for the number of beats a note is worth

Note Tree
o Can you identify the values of notes in a meter of 4?
o Can you identify the values of notes in a meter of 8?
Note locations on the grand staff
...
Note locations on the keyboard
...
natural sign
Note Tree Diagram
octave
A rhythmic group of eight lines of verse
perfect 5th
two line notes or two space notes and is 7 half steps apart
Pianissimo
Very soft
Piano
Soft
pipe organ
This instrument has many sets of pipes controlled from several keyboards and a pedal keyboard.
pitch
highness or lowness of a sound
Please be able to follow all the proper musical rules for writing.
Stem Direction
Writing sharps and flats next to a note
polyphonic
having two or more independent but harmonically related melodic parts sounding together
polyphonic instrument
Synthesizer. Monophonic. Duophonic. Polyphonic.Synths using octave divider. Synths using voice allocation. ...
Other instruments. Keyboard instruments. Acoustic keyboard instruments. Electric keyboard instruments. Stringed instruments. Classical instruments. ...
pop music
this genre of music changes with times, it can often vary from year to year and generation to generation
pre-chorus
this section builds tension and leads into the chorus
presto sign
very fast
Quarter Note
1 beat
Quarter Rest
1 beat of silence
Rall.
The Italian musical term rallentando (lit. "slowing down") is a gradual decrease in speed similar to a that of a ritardando, but with more of a rolling stop effect; a lazy deceleration of the tempo that seems to have less certainty and drama than the ritardando.
Range
this is the distance from the lowest pitch to the highest pitch an instrument can play or a voice can sing
Reading Key Signatures
...
reading Pitch on the melodic staff
Treble
Bass
Grand staff
repeated pitch
melodic motives
When either a singer or instrument throughout a part of a song repeats a pitch. A reciting tone sounds more like talking and is recited syllabically.
repeat
...
repeat sign
this musical symbol is used to tell a musician to replay a section of a song
Rit. (Ritardando)
The Italian musical command ritenuto, often abbreviated riten., is an indication to suddenly (and temporarily) decrease the tempo; to hold back for dramatic effect.

Ritenuto is sometimes abbreviated rit., which also stands for ritardando.
rhythm staff
this single line system is used by instruments that do not play a pitch
Rhythm
the organization of time
scale
(music) a series of notes differing in pitch according to a specific scheme (usually within an octave). is formed by arranging tones closely together in an ascending or descending order.
Sharp
A sign infront of a note raises its pitch by 1/2 step above pitch
simple meter
Meter divisible by 2 i.e. 2/4, 2/2, 2/8, etc
Simple Repeat
this repeat sounds identical both times it is played
Slur
solfege
DO RE MI FA SO LA TI DO
solo
this section features an instrumental performer and can be based on music from the chorus or verse
song form
chorus, verse, bridge, solo, pre-chorus, intro, and conclusion
Staccato Mark
staff
this is the term for a system of 5 lines and 4 spaces
Stem Direction (be able to follow all the proper musical rules for writing.)
stems go UPWARD on the RIGHT side when a note is below the third line on the staff. Stem go DOWNWARD on the LEFT side when the note is on or above the third line of the staff. Remember that whole notes do not have stems.
synthesizer
(music) an electronic instrument (usually played with a keyboard) that generates and modifies sounds electronically and can imitate a variety of other musical instruments
tempo
this marking tells the musician to return to the original tempo. It is often used after slowing down the speed of beats and pulses
Timbre
this is the tone color of a sound or tone quality of a sound.
Tie
Time Signature
o What is a time signature?
o Where is it located?
o What does the top number tell you?
o What does the bottom number tell you?



Found at the beginning of sheet music, shows what note gets one beat and how many beats are in a measure.these numbers tell us how many beats to a measure and what kind of note
Time meters
Simple, compound, complex
treble
(also called the "G" clef); the sign on the staff for the higher pitches. Where the 2nd line (up) represents the G above the middle C.
treble clef
A symbol found at the beginning of sheet music for higher pitched instruments, also known as the "G" clef
triad
A group of three; a chord of three tones, especially one built on a given root tone plus a major or minor third and a perfect fifth; set of three similar things considered as a unit
verse
this section has the same melody each time it is played, but often contains different lyrics
vivaci
lively
volume
loudness or softness of a sound
What does the bottom number on the time signature tell you?
What note gets one beat
What does the top number on the time signature tell you?
Indicates how many beats (or counts) are contained in each measure.
Where is time signature located?
...
Whole Note
a musical note having the longest time value (equal to four beats in common time)
Whole Rest
Indicates a whole measure of silence
a musical rest equal in duration to four beats in common time
whole step
Two half steps.
Writing sharps and flats next to a note
be able to follow all the proper musical rules for writing.
woodwinds
instruments with keys or holes are known as