Migram's classic experiment (1961)
-showed how far people will go in the name of obedience
o The teacher was always the one being tested.
o Learner was the actor, and told to get the first couple right, but then get the rest wrong. The teacher would then be placed with the authority to punish with a shock (15-450 volt possibility)...ultimately, the experiment was set up to be shocked 30 times.
o Original study-26 of 40 subjects (65%) shocked all the way to the end.
o Followed a script, groaning after a certain number, pounding on wall after another certain number, prompts were used to keep going from the experimenter...they would always look to the experimenter. They listened to the experimenter regardless.
o Teachers would break out in a sweat, start crying and shaking, and be highly disturbed, but would still be obedient to punish.
o With learner in the same room- 40% obedience
o Holding Learner's hand on shock plate-30%
o The one constant through all scenarios was the experimenter was in the room
o When the experimenter was taken out of the room, the number dropped to the lowest of all-22% (dropped 43% from original)