US History final
Terms in this set (100)
1. What kind of government system did Joseph Stalin establish in the Soviet Union by the early 1930s?
2. How did Hitler break the Nonaggression Pact in 1941?
He invaded the Soviet Union
3. What event caused Great Britain and France to declare war against German?
Invasion of Poland September 1, 1939
4. On December 7, 1941, President Roosevelt asked Congress for a declaration of war. What event led to this request?
Attack on Pearl Harbor
5. What government entity was responsible for organizing the wartime economy?
War Production Board
6. What happened to the American economy as the United States entered the war?
The economy flourished
7. How did the government ration basic food supplies to the American public?
8. What was an impact of Roosevelt's issue of Executive Order 9066?
Japanese internment camps
9. Why did the number of female workers in America explode during the war?
The men were in the war
10. What was the meaning of the Double V campaign?
Victory in Europe and victory in the Pacific
11. Why did many African Americans leave the South during the war?
They found many jobs in the north, the north also didn't have the Jim Crow Laws
12. What happened in the Zoot Suit Riots of 1943?
Marines and sailors attacked gang members and pachucos in Los Angeles
13. How did the Nazis inflict suffering on people in German occupied Europe?
Jews couldn't vote and they were forced to live in ghettos
14. Why was the Battle of Stalingrad so important?
It was the turning point in the war
15. Liberating Japaneseheld territory in the Pacific could be risky for Allied forces because
They couldn't occupy all the islands
16. The strategy that allowed the Allies to push the Japanese closer to the home islands was known as
17. What was the Manhattan Project?
Development of the atomic bomb
18. Why did President Truman decide to drop the atomic bomb on Japan?
The Japanese weren't surrendering
19. On June 6, 1944, Allied forces stormed the beaches of Normandy in northern France. What was this event called?
20. What did Nazis decide was the "final solution" to the "Jewish question"?
21. What legislation helped over 2 million U.S. veterans attend college after World War II?
22. What was the main purpose of the American policy of containment?
To stop the spread of communism
23. What did the Iron Curtain symbolize during the Cold War?
The divide between communist and democratic countries in Europe
24. What was the main goal of the Truman Doctrine?
To encourage countries to be democratic
25. Why was the hostility between America and the Soviet Union known as the Cold War?
The political systems are completely opposite*
26. What was the PRIMARY goal of the Marshall Plan?
To rebuild Western Europe
27. What was the relationship between the Soviet Union and the United States like by the onset of the Cold War?
28. How did the United States plan to stop the spread of communism in Europe?
The Marshall plan, economic aid, and the promise of military protection
29. Describe the outcome of the Korean War?
It ended on the 38th parallel*
30. How did the United States respond to the Berlin Blockade in 1948?
The Berlin aircraft
31. During the Cold War, the Soviet Union and the United States became locked in an arms race. An arms race is
A competition between two parties to have an advantage in weapons
32. What crime was the subject of the Julius and Ethel Rosenberg trial?
33. What was the TaftHartley Act?
You could not be required to join a union as a requirement of employment
34. Describe planned postwar communities like Levittown?
Subdivisions with standardized building practices
35. How did the workforce change in the 1950s as result of the changing economy?
There was a shift from manufacturing jobs to service jobs (blue collar to white collar)
36. Describe Dwight D Eisenhower.
WW2 hero, Republican candidate and president
37. Which States in the SunBelt have had the slowest growth since 1950?
38. What was the name of Harry Truman's package of economic reforms?
39. What was the main cause of the rapid economic expansion following World War II?
A postwar spending spree by America
40. What demographic change allowed the baby boom to occur in the late 1950s?
More people got married
41. How did the construction of Levittowns transform the homebuilding industry?
Homes were more affordable
42. How did Congress respond to the growing number of automobiles in America?
Interstate highway act
43. Which ethnic group was most likely to be in poverty in Chicago in 1960?
44. In 1948, President Harry Truman issued Executive Order 9981. What did this order call for?
Desegregation of the armed forces
45. What achievement did Jackie Robinson make that helped blur the color line in the 1940s?
Rookie of the year his first year in the MLB, MVP in his second year
46. Laws that established separate public facilities for whites and blacks were often called
Jim Crow Laws
47. How did segregation in the workforce affect African Americans?
Fewer opportunities and lower wages
48. What Supreme Court decision led to the desegregation of the nation's schools?
Brown v. Board of Education
49. The bus law that Rosa Parks was protesting in 1955 required Africans Americans
Had to sit in the back of the bus and they had to give their seats up to white people
50. What happened when African American students gathered to march in Birmingham on May 3, 1963?
They were beaten and had dogs and fire hoses turned on them
51. Nonviolent protests, such as sitins, were acts of
52. Where was the first sitin held?
Greensboro, North Carolina
53. Who called Birmingham the most segregated city in the United States?
Martin Luther King
54. Why would civil rights activists organize public demonstrations like the March on Washington?
To encourage congress into passing civil rights legislation
55. What was enacted the year after the March on Washington and had a major impact on civil rights?
The Civil rights act of 1964
56. How did the Nation of Islam's aims differ from earlier civil rights goals?
Blacks should be separate from whites and can defend themselves
57. Describe the Black Panther Party?
By any means necessary
58. What famous attorney became the first black Supreme Court Justice?
59. Who was Cesar Chavez?
Mexican labor leader
60. What were some of the major concerns that people had about voting for John F. Kennedy?
He would be the first catholic president and the youngest
61. What major accomplishment in space occurred in 1969?
First man to walk on the moon
62. What was the intended goal of the Bay of Pigs invasion?
To overthrow Castro
63. How did President Kennedy respond to the Cuban Missile Crisis?
He placed an embargo on Cuba and demanded the Soviets removed their missiles from Cuba
64. What government agency was created by an executive order of President Kennedy's to raise living standards in developing nations?
65. The East German government erected the Berlin Wall in 1961 to
Keep people from leaving East Berlin
66. Why has no one been able to determine Lee Harvey Oswald's motive for assassinating President Kennedy?
Oswald was assassinated by Jack Ruby before he could be questioned
67. What did Johnson consider to be part of a "Great Society"?
Fighting poverty and social welfare programs
68. What helped Johnson get much of his legislative program through Congress?
He is a southerner and has experience in congress
69. What was the impact of Rachel Carson's book Silent Spring?
Clean Air Act
70. Why did some people criticize the Great Society?
Too much government and too much taxes
71. How did the Great Society have an impact on American life?
Social welfare programs
72. Summarizes President Lyndon Johnson's view of the federal government's role in shaping American society?
The federal government should play an important role in social welfare
73. On campuses across the country, many students protested against
The Vietnam War
74. A group in society with ideas and behaviors very different from those of the mainstream society is called
75. Young people who rejected mainstream lifestyles and sought freedom of expression were called
Hippies / Counterculture
76. How did the generation gap reveal itself in attitudes toward drug use?
Old folks were offended by the casual use of drugs by the young people
77. Describe the Woodstock Music Festival?
Upstate NY; completely nonviolent; expected to be only 50,000 people; 500,000 people showed up
78. The Viet Minh was a Vietnamese movement led by Ho Chi Minh that
Wanted to reunify Vietnam under a communist government
79. What legislation allowed President Lyndon Johnson to greatly increase U.S. military involvement in Vietnam?
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
80. One of the main arguments used to support U.S. military involvement in Vietnam was the fear that if Vietnam fell to communism, other nations in Southeast Asia could as well. This argument was known as the
81. In the 1960s, President Johnson's advisors that were called hawks
They were in favor of military action
82. Why were US soldiers so frustrated in Vietnam?
They never knew who was with them and who was against them
83. What was Agent Orange used for in the Vietnam War?
To kill vegetation and clear forests
84. The greatest geographic challenge for American troops in Vietnam was
85. How were the Viet Cong able to avoid detection by U.S. troops?
They blended in with the regular population
86. As the war dragged on, how did television influence public opinion toward the Vietnam War?
It turned Americans against the war by showing the cruel things that were happening
87. Before the ratification of the Twentysixth Amendment, what angered men between the ages of 18 and 21?
They could be drafted into the war, but weren't allowed to vote
88. The antiwar movement thrived on many college campuses in part because
The men who studied knew that once they graduated they would be eligible to be drafted
89. How did the Tet Offensive influence American public opinion about the war?
Completely turned America against the war
90. What made 1968 such a turbulent year in American history?
MLK and Bobby Kennedy were assassinated, Tet Offensive took place
91. How did the Vietnam War finally end?
Nixon signed a peace treaty with North Vietnam
92. How did the My Lai Massacre change Americans' views on the Vietnam War?
Most people thought that the American military fought with honor and goodness until the My Lai Massacre was seen on tv and Americans realized that the military isn't as good as they thought
93. How were Vietnam veterans treated upon returning to the United States?
Not well, many were criticized and spat upon
94. How did Nixon change the United States' relationship with China?
He began a trading partnership with chairman
95. The Watergate scandal was uncovered due to what particular event?
The Watergate break in
96. What major abuse of presidential power was uncovered by the Watergate scandal?
Obstruction of evidence
97. What piece of evidence proved Nixon's guilt in the scandal?
Tape recordings made of most conversations in the Oval Office
98. What was an effect of Watergate?
Trust in elected officials was undermined
99. Why did President Gerald Ford ultimately decide to pardon Richard Nixon?
He wanted to country to move forward from the Watergate scandal
100. Who won the 1976 presidential election?
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